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215

This is NOT TRUE. NASA, Snopes, Scientific American and many other sources on the internet refuted the claim. Here is a summary of the story, taken mainly from Scientific American: At first both the USSR space program and NASA used pencils for their missions: Originally, NASA astronauts, like the Soviet cosmonauts, used pencils, according to NASA ...


36

No, there was no such ban. Several sources: http://impiorg.wordpress.com/2012/06/13/did-russia-ban-microwave-ovens-at-some-point-in-the-past/ One such rumor that has been lighting up the internet is the claim that, in the past, Russia had banned microwave ovens. Within IMPI we could not find a source for this assertion, though one of our members, the ...


35

In answer to the question if [what is depicted in linked video] was really possible in 1940? The answer is unequivocally YES - in fact quite a bit earlier. Reanimating a severed head was hypothesised in 1812, first attempted in 1857 and, for the most part, perfected in 1928-29. In 1812, French Physiologist Julian Jean Cesar Legallois hypothesised that a ...


34

Graph is accurate, but the conclusion is not. Unless you'd want to argue that radiation causes violence, rather than cancer. As you can see, during the fall of the Soviet Union there is huge increase in male violent deaths. However, cancer (neoplasms) rates remain practically flat. Mortality rates by cause: Mortality rate by homicide: Source: "Mortality ...


24

Concerning the claim in the question headline: it might be difficult to properly define "very little", compare that to Western medicine. Then start an argument about what counts statistically as… Thankfully such claimants are inclined to use the absolute. "during the USSR's 70 years of existence, no new תרופה [i.e. cure/medication] was developed". (...


17

Answer: Yes I am not sure that all references count the exact same type of vehicle (tank is loosly defined). But they are all in the same area of about 20000 tanks. According to Wikipedia The Soviet Union began and ended the war with more tanks than the rest of the world combined (18,000-22,000) Another article cites numbers of over 25000 Figures ...


15

This claim comes (according to multiple Wikipedia pages) from Crampton, R. J. (1997), Eastern Europe in the twentieth century and after, Routledge This is a relatively scholarly book, however this passage does not have specific references, and a cursory look to the bibliography did not reveal any specific source supporting it. In my personal opinion, this ...


14

This is an at one time accurate and still highly misleading number. The total numbers and ratios of Jews in that organisation varied enormously. While true for at 'the highest point', this point is really just a point on the timeline, with vastly lower figures on the rest of it. The Snyder quote in context reads: Internationalism was not hypocrisy, and ...


12

According to Hitler vs. Stalin: Who Killed More?, by Timothy David Snyder, who is a history professor at Yale University specializing in eastern Europe: Judging from the Soviet records we now have, the number of people who died in the Gulag between 1933 and 1945, while both Stalin and Hitler were in power, was on the order of a million, perhaps a bit more....


12

That seems high? I expect "80%" possible and even plausible, but the one piece of data which I'm going to present (below) suggests "40%", There's data referenced in Uncounted Costs of World War II: The Effect of Changing Sex Ratios on Marriage and Fertility of Russian Women, which says there ended up being a male/female sex ratio of 0.6 to 1 for that ...


10

Professor Matthew Shadle writes: Pacepa’s story also really has no explanation of how the actual theology came to be. For starters, although Gustavo Gutiérrez’s seminal work A Theology of Liberation was published in 1971, he presented the key ideas that later became that work at a conference in Peru in July, 1968, as “Hacia una teología de ...


10

I've been unable to find any reference to this letter and I must say that it certainly has the ring of propaganda about it. At the time of Sputnik II (AKA Muttnik) there were certainly protests from the RSPCA and the Canine Defence League as well as a protest outside the UN building in New York where dogs (and their owners) had placards stating "Send Up ...


10

Churchill (who was of course partisan) alleged that they weren't exactly cooperating: from http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/policy/1939/1939-10-01a.html "Russia has pursued a cold policy of self-interest. We could have wished that the Russian Armies should be standing on their present line as the friends and allies of Poland, instead of as invaders. But that ...


8

Some background from a portion of the book Soviet Space Dogs suggests that this claim was most likely propaganda written as a response to the protests described in the answer above, but offers no proof for or against the claim. The international press accused the Soviet totalitarian regime of inhumanity, and suggested that General Secretary Khrushchev ...


8

Depending on what version of this claim you read, they will state 80% died "in WWII" or "did not survive WWII". Either way, the implication is 80% of the male population of 1923 was killed during WWII implying some colossal slaughter. It turns out the slaughter had happened long before. Mark Harrison did research and a write up on this very statement. ...


7

For this claim, there appears to be extremely little by way of actual evidence. In deed, it seems only the claims of Ion Mihai Pacepa in the linked essay, and an interview, are ever referenced as sources for this claim. In the interview, Pacepa actually admits he was not even directly involved in the alleged events, but states that he was told of this by ...


7

Seems pretty clearly a joke grown into an urban legend. See, e.g., this memoir by Pail Craig Roberts: A famous Soviet cartoon depicted the manager of a nail factory being given the Order of Lenin for exceeding his tonnage. Two giant cranes were pictured holding up one giant nail. The cartoon in question may be the one pictured here: Click to ...


7

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact merely involves partitioning of Poland. If that pact is considered an alliance, then what is generally sanitized as "Munich" or "Munich Conference" in Anglosphere would also constitute an alliance in between Britain and Germany, since it was about partitioning Czechoslovakia without even letting Czechoslovaks a chair at the ...


7

The USSR had a better military than Germany in WWII, the proof for this is the second part of the book The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, in other words, the Nazis lost and the USSR won, in a conflict that was mostly decided by Armor clashes, like the Battle of Kursk. Tanks are made to win battles and wars and the T-34 was successful while the German ...


7

It's impossible to prove that no money from the KGB, or any other source, ever reached Greenpeace (and if it did it might have been without the knowledge of Greenpeace). However we can answer the specific question about the Rainbow Warrior's conversion Rainbow Warrior (formerly 'Sir William Hardy) was acquired by Greenpeace in 1977 and refitted in London. (...


6

The following graph from Wikipedia shows Russian life expectancy for males and females. It shows a decline in male life expectancy from a peak of just under 65, to 57 and a bit, consistent with the initial graph. As that was the most striking feature of the graph, I doubt that the graph was fabricated by anti-nuclear activists. However, it is interesting ...


6

According to the Economic Review of the Soviet Union : Among American firms represented were the following: ... Cincinnati Milling Machine Co. ... Cincinnati Milling Machine Company was a maker of basic machine tools


5

According to Empire of the Clouds by James Hamilton-Paterson, in 1945 Rolls-Royce sold Nene and Derwent engines to the USSR; permission was given by Sir Stafford Cripps, president of the Board of Trade. This wasn't received well by the US at the time, especially when Klimov Nene powered MiG-15's appeared over Korea. Stalin is quoted as asking 'What kind ...


5

I can't find examples of nails, but there's a concrete example of chemical equipment where a factory avoided switching to producing superior models because they were lighter... and their output was measured by weight. There's also articles on the subject of rolled metal products. From the book "Planning Problems in the USSR" there are some specific ...


5

I don't beleive this graph shows any correlation with Chernobyl disaster Above is Chernobyl contamination map from wikipedia. As you can see it is North Ukraine and South-West Belarus that suffered the most. And yet according to the graph, biggest life expectancy drop was observed in Russia. While Russia certanly got it's share of the radiation, it's ...


4

USSR state recording company Melodia helped Greenpeace raise money via co-sponsoring a jointly release album (U2 et al). http://www.musicstack.com/item/206504892 / http://music70-80.narod.ru/katalog/sbor/greenpeace.htm While there's no explicit mention of KGB, given the timeline, and the way USSR worked, it was 100% impossible that KGB wasn't in full ...


4

The one thing somewhat like the quote that he wrote, in 1914, was: A new form of family, new conditions in the status of women and in the upbringing of the younger generation are prepared by the highest forms of present-day capitalism: the labor of women and children and the break-up of the patriarchal family by capitalism inevitably assume the most ...


3

in "The Bloody Triangle: The Defeat of Soviet Armor in the Ukraine, June 1941" by Victor Kamenir, you can read in the "Battle of Dubno - June 26-27":


3

It is utterly and completely untrue to say that the tradition of holding parades and marches to celebrate a victory comes from Nazi Germany. Victory parades were held in Ancient Roman times, and have continued on and off ever since. Napoleon held a victory parade in 1810, and the Allies held parades to celebrate his defeat in 1815. There were victory ...


3

Here is the French original. But in a translated version of the book, I discovered, following one chapter's footnotes: Olga Michakova, secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth Organization, stated in 1944 in an interview: “Soviet women should try to make themselves as attractive as nature and good taste permit. After the war, they ...


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