220

This is NOT TRUE. NASA, Snopes, Scientific American and many other sources on the internet refuted the claim. Here is a summary of the story, taken mainly from Scientific American: At first both the USSR space program and NASA used pencils for their missions: Originally, NASA astronauts, like the Soviet cosmonauts, used pencils, according to NASA historians....


63

As it usually is the issue with those questions: what counts as someone being killed by the Soviet Union changes the answer. And that is supposing we have reliable numbers of the cause of deaths in the first place. Soviet archives were only released in 1991, as such it was extremely difficult to assess the situation before then. It is also particularly ...


36

No, there was no such ban. Several sources: http://impiorg.wordpress.com/2012/06/13/did-russia-ban-microwave-ovens-at-some-point-in-the-past/ One such rumor that has been lighting up the internet is the claim that, in the past, Russia had banned microwave ovens. Within IMPI we could not find a source for this assertion, though one of our members, the ...


35

In answer to the question if [what is depicted in linked video] was really possible in 1940? The answer is unequivocally YES - in fact quite a bit earlier. Reanimating a severed head was hypothesised in 1812, first attempted in 1857 and, for the most part, perfected in 1928-29. In 1812, French Physiologist Julian Jean Cesar Legallois hypothesised that a ...


34

Graph is accurate, but the conclusion is not. Unless you'd want to argue that radiation causes violence, rather than cancer. As you can see, during the fall of the Soviet Union there is huge increase in male violent deaths. However, cancer (neoplasms) rates remain practically flat. Mortality rates by cause: Mortality rate by homicide: Source: "Mortality ...


32

Concerning the claim in the question headline: it might be difficult to properly define "very little", compare that to Western medicine. Then start an argument about what counts statistically as… Thankfully such claimants are inclined to use the absolute. "during the USSR's 70 years of existence, no new תרופה [i.e. cure/medication] was developed". (...


24

As a (secret at the time) member of the Communist Party in USA (other references here) and considering his scientific platform, it is highly likely that he at least was being approached by recruiters from KGB (GRU). If he eventually passed secrets to the Russians and became a spy, only the Russians would know as there exist no available evidence of such. A ...


17

Answer: Yes I am not sure that all references count the exact same type of vehicle (tank is loosly defined). But they are all in the same area of about 20000 tanks. According to Wikipedia The Soviet Union began and ended the war with more tanks than the rest of the world combined (18,000-22,000) Another article cites numbers of over 25000 Figures ...


16

These kinds of claims did not originate with Yuri Bezmenov, and he is not claiming some kind of scoop. For example, the phrase "useful idiot" was not popularized by anyone in Russia but by anti-communist writers in the United States. Another famous person who claimed that Russians found Americans easy to manipulate was the Gulag Archipelago author Aleksandr ...


16

This is an at one time accurate and still highly misleading number. The total numbers and ratios of Jews in that organisation varied enormously. While true for at 'the highest point', this point is really just a point on the timeline, with vastly lower figures on the rest of it. The Snyder quote in context reads: Internationalism was not hypocrisy, and ...


15

This claim comes (according to multiple Wikipedia pages) from Crampton, R. J. (1997), Eastern Europe in the twentieth century and after, Routledge This is a relatively scholarly book, however this passage does not have specific references, and a cursory look to the bibliography did not reveal any specific source supporting it. In my personal opinion, this ...


13

According to Hitler vs. Stalin: Who Killed More?, by Timothy David Snyder, who is a history professor at Yale University specializing in eastern Europe: Judging from the Soviet records we now have, the number of people who died in the Gulag between 1933 and 1945, while both Stalin and Hitler were in power, was on the order of a million, perhaps a bit more. ...


12

That seems high? I expect "80%" possible and even plausible, but the one piece of data which I'm going to present (below) suggests "40%", There's data referenced in Uncounted Costs of World War II: The Effect of Changing Sex Ratios on Marriage and Fertility of Russian Women, which says there ended up being a male/female sex ratio of 0.6 to 1 for that ...


12

I can't find examples of nails, but there's a concrete example of chemical equipment where a factory avoided switching to producing superior models because they were lighter... and their output was measured by weight. There's also articles on the subject of rolled metal products. From the book "Planning Problems in the USSR" there are some specific ...


10

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact merely involves partitioning of Poland. If that pact is considered an alliance, then what is generally sanitized as "Munich" or "Munich Conference" in Anglosphere would also constitute an alliance in between Britain and Germany, since it was about partitioning Czechoslovakia without even letting Czechoslovaks a chair at the ...


10

Churchill (who was of course partisan) alleged that they weren't exactly cooperating: from http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/policy/1939/1939-10-01a.html "Russia has pursued a cold policy of self-interest. We could have wished that the Russian Armies should be standing on their present line as the friends and allies of Poland, instead of as invaders. But that ...


10

Professor Matthew Shadle writes: Pacepa’s story also really has no explanation of how the actual theology came to be. For starters, although Gustavo Gutiérrez’s seminal work A Theology of Liberation was published in 1971, he presented the key ideas that later became that work at a conference in Peru in July, 1968, as “Hacia una teología de ...


9

The one thing somewhat like the quote that he wrote, in 1914, was: A new form of family, new conditions in the status of women and in the upbringing of the younger generation are prepared by the highest forms of present-day capitalism: the labor of women and children and the break-up of the patriarchal family by capitalism inevitably assume the most ...


8

Depending on what version of this claim you read, they will state 80% died "in WWII" or "did not survive WWII". Either way, the implication is 80% of the male population of 1923 was killed during WWII implying some colossal slaughter. It turns out the slaughter had happened long before. Mark Harrison did research and a write up on this very statement. ...


8

It seems quite incompatible with recorded history. One expert verdict of "made-up" is already in the question. Proving a negative is not easy. But there is plenty of circumstantial evidence to support it. The language used, the political connections drawn and most important: the date alawys used in this unsourced propaganda from anti-communists lessen the ...


8

I don't see any evidence presented in the other anwer that this was a "flesh market" photo. To the contrary, some other similar photos have clearly documented circumstances that these were the victims sometimes photographed with the perpetrators, possibly by the authorities. In other cases the people standing next to the victims are unrelated. E.g. ...


7

For this claim, there appears to be extremely little by way of actual evidence. In deed, it seems only the claims of Ion Mihai Pacepa in the linked essay, and an interview, are ever referenced as sources for this claim. In the interview, Pacepa actually admits he was not even directly involved in the alleged events, but states that he was told of this by ...


7

The USSR had a better military than Germany in WWII, the proof for this is the second part of the book The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, in other words, the Nazis lost and the USSR won, in a conflict that was mostly decided by Armor clashes, like the Battle of Kursk. Tanks are made to win battles and wars and the T-34 was successful while the German ...


7

It's impossible to prove that no money from the KGB, or any other source, ever reached Greenpeace (and if it did it might have been without the knowledge of Greenpeace). However we can answer the specific question about the Rainbow Warrior's conversion Rainbow Warrior (formerly 'Sir William Hardy) was acquired by Greenpeace in 1977 and refitted in London. (...


6

The following graph from Wikipedia shows Russian life expectancy for males and females. It shows a decline in male life expectancy from a peak of just under 65, to 57 and a bit, consistent with the initial graph. As that was the most striking feature of the graph, I doubt that the graph was fabricated by anti-nuclear activists. However, it is interesting ...


6

According to the Economic Review of the Soviet Union : Among American firms represented were the following: ... Cincinnati Milling Machine Co. ... Cincinnati Milling Machine Company was a maker of basic machine tools


6

Oleg Gordievsky was a KGB colonel who spied for the British. In his autobiography "Next stop execution" he writes about his work with "agents of influence" and "confidential contacts of influence". These were likely to be people whose political inclinations might make them sympathetic to some aspect of the Soviet view of the world; many were idealists, ...


6

Well, there is some evidence here, although I'm not sure how to interpret it. Still, I haven't found the directive either. The National Republic, Volumes 30-31 published a relevant article, but unfortunately I can't actually read it freely and have to rely on Google Books snippets. I'm not sure if I'm looking at a section in 30 or 31; 30 was published in (...


5

According to Empire of the Clouds by James Hamilton-Paterson, in 1945 Rolls-Royce sold Nene and Derwent engines to the USSR; permission was given by Sir Stafford Cripps, president of the Board of Trade. This wasn't received well by the US at the time, especially when Klimov Nene powered MiG-15's appeared over Korea. Stalin is quoted as asking 'What kind ...


5

I don't beleive this graph shows any correlation with Chernobyl disaster Above is Chernobyl contamination map from wikipedia. As you can see it is North Ukraine and South-West Belarus that suffered the most. And yet according to the graph, biggest life expectancy drop was observed in Russia. While Russia certanly got it's share of the radiation, it's ...


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