Questions tagged [soviet-union]

for questions regarding the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), commonly known as the Soviet Union

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During the disintegration of the Soviet Union, was there a surge of child allergies in Tajikistan because people hoarded soap?

https://www.wilsonquarterly.com/quarterly/the-lasting-legacy-of-the-cold-war/the-hesitant-us-rescue-of-the-soviet-economy By November 1990, Professor Graham Allison of Harvard University had become ...
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6 votes
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Did the US break several treaties with the USSR/Russia after 1918?

Source (last paragraph) *Here’s another fact few Americans know: ever since 1918, the Russians have never once broken any treaty they’ve signed with the U.S., though the U.S. has broken a number of ...
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Did "the" London Agreement of 1945 bind the Soviets in writing to provide air access to [West] Berlin?

One Australian Airforce page offers this nutshell version of why the Soviets agreed to air corridors but shut down land access to West Berlin in the late 1940s. Berlin was in the centre of the Soviet ...
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Did more than 2,000 television sets a year explode in Moscow alone, causing injuries and fires?

Paul Milgrom and John Roberts (1992) state without providing any sources: The goods that were available were relatively expensive, shoddy, and often unsafe. For example, more than 2,000 television ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Did Dr. Nikolay Chudinov revive Permian bacteria found in a potassium salt crystal in Perm, 1972?

I have heard of 3.5 million year old bacteria being revived, but 250 mya is much longer, and I can find no modern mention of this astonishing claim anywhere. However, it was mentioned in multiple ...
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Was the crew dropping the "Tsar Bomba" nuclear bomb given only a 50% chance to survive?

Background The Tsar Bomba was the most powerful nuclear weapon ever created. On 30 October 1961 the Soviet Union experimentally detonated the bomb after dropping it from a plane above Nova Zembla. A ...
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36 votes
1 answer
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Did the Soviet Union murder over 20M people under its control after the war?

Richard Rumelt (business professor at UCLA, 2011): During the whole post-WWII period, the Soviet Union murdered upward of 20 million people, its own citizens and others under its control True?
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Does this photo depict a human flesh market during the Russian famine?

This distressing photo has circulated around the internet including Daily Mail or The Sun as the depiction of people selling human flesh during The Russian famine of 1921–22. However, the source cited ...
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Did 40% of the NKVD (Soviet police) leadership have Jewish nationality?

Timothy D. Snyder wrote a history book, Bloodlands about the mass killings of Central/Eastern Europeans between 1933-1945. Jewish Currents, a magazine of the Jewish Left, cite him in making claims ...
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16 votes
4 answers
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Did Lenin say "destroy the family, you destroy the country", and if so in what context?

Various publications e.g. "The Parent Care Conversation" (which seems to be a religiously inspired book in some parts at least) attribute the saying "destroy the family, you destroy the country" to ...
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Were the Schutzmannschaft members mostly allowed to return to their former lives?

The Schutzmannschaft (Auxiliary Police) were batallions of local and German units in German-occupied Eastern Europe, that participated in the Holocaust in World War II. According to the Wikipedia ...
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Did 57% of people in France believe that the USSR contributed the most to the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945?

The following image is frequently circulating when WWII is discussed: Poll in France: "In your opinion, which country contributed most to the defeat of Germany in 1945?" (Source: polls IFOP 1945, ...
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Was this Communist Party Directive from 1943 genuine?

When certain obstructionists become too irritating, label them after suitable buildups as fascist or Nazi or anti-Semitic and used the prestige of anti-fascist and tolerance organisations to ...
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Is the March of the Immortal Regiment a cult of the German Third Reich?

The March of the Immortal Regiment is a recent tradition which is part of the annual Moscow Victory Day Parade Russian journalist and politician, Alexander Nevzorov has criticised it: (Inaccurate ...
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7 votes
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Was there ever a speech by USSR officials before 1950 where it was asked of Soviet women to uphold traditional female roles?

In 1949 Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir writes: There is no way to directly oblige a woman to give birth: all that can be done is to enclose her in situations where motherhood is her only option:...
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Was very little or no new medication developed in the USSR?

Prof. Robert (Haim) Belmaker, head of the Israeli Psychiatric Association, spoke today (2018-01-05) on the סדר יום / Daily Agenda radio program (Note this is a program in Hebrew). At some point in the ...
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Was there a Soviet anti-motorcycle-helmet campaign in the late 1950s and early 1960s?

Lessig (1995, pp. 964–965) writes: Before the 1960s, motorcyclists in Soviet Russia did not wear helmets. In part this was because of a lack of any perceived need to wear helmets; in part it was ...
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14 votes
1 answer
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Did secret police in the Eastern Bloc use X-ray machines to give people cancer?

This Reddit thread claims that the Soviet secret police used hidden x-ray machines to give people cancer in order to remove them quitely from power. I've heard that claim colloquially before but have ...
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Did the US / UK supply the Russians with machinery before or during the Cold War?

I was reading this question on Quora, when I reached the last answer: I visited the Tbilisi Aircraft factory at the end of the Cold War and was astonished to see that MIG fighter fuselages were ...
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Was the KGB using leftists to "destabilize" nations?

In 1984, a former KGB agent, Yuri Bezmenov, claimed in a lengthy interview that: @32:11: [...] progressive intellectuals; writers, journalists, publishers, professors of colleges [...] For us ...
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6 votes
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Did the amount of bureaucrats increase in the immediate aftermath of the Soviet Union?

David Graber says in this interview on The Real News, My favorite example is Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union in the 10 years between, I think it was 1991 or two, and 2002, the total ...
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10 votes
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Were many of the people McCarthy accused paid Soviet spies? [closed]

According to an answer on this question on the WorldBuilding StackExchange There were plenty of communists in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. It's popular today to laugh at the paranoia of ...
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1 vote
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Does Liberation Theology have its roots from the KGB and the Soviet Union?

Trinity Church was affiliated and steeped in Liberation Theology. Recent reports (below) indicate that this philosophy was founded in the USSR as a Cold War plot to help undermine America, based on ...
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Did Stalin personally tell Churchill that "the great bulk" of "10 millions" people were "wiped out" during collectivization?

The War Memoirs of Winston Churchill: Face to Face with Stalin Life Magazine 30 October 1950 at pages 104 and 106: [about 1am August 18, 1942] "I thought you would have found it bad," said ...
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Did Stalin kill more than 10 million People?

There are many sources claiming that Stalin killed between 20 and 60 million people. A few articles with this claim: In February 1989, two years before the fall of the Soviet Union, a research paper ...
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Was Ignaty Karpezo buried alive and then found alive?

Wikipedia claims the following. Ignaty Karpezo was a general during WWII. After a heavy bombing he was found without signs of life. A medic determined death. He was buried consequently. But after a ...
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Was it common in the USSR for an enterprise to buy steel knives so to melt down them for steel?

This article claims it was common in the USSR if an enterprise needed steel, to buy say knives or other steel goods and melt them for steel. In general, control by the ruble was designed to ...
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2 answers
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Did 80% of Soviet males born in 1923 die in WWII?

I found this fact on OMG Facts: 80% of Soviet males born in 1923 died in WWII. Not surprisingly, Russia was the country with the highest WW2 causalities, with over 21 million. I can't find ...
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Stalin's absent-minded signature resulted in Hotel Moskva having two designs?

Is this explanation true/false/unverifiable? Four Seasons Hotel Moscow (Wikipedia): The original hotel was notable for its use of two different designs for the wings off the central structure. ...
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24 votes
3 answers
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Did a Soviet nail factory produce useless nails to improve metrics?

We've all heard the story, which sounds for all the world like a typical urban legend. It goes something like this: Once upon a time, there was a factory in the Soviet Union that made nails. ...
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25 votes
1 answer
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Is this video of the Soviet Dog Revival Experiment real?

In this video a dog's head is brought back to life by artificially injecting blood and air. The dog's head reacted to sound and touch and used its tongue to taste. I am not skeptic about its ...
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Were the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany de facto allies in September 1939?

"A German and a Soviet officer shaking hands at the end of the Invasion of Poland." (source) On the 17th of September 1939 the Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east, following a German invasion ...
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22 votes
1 answer
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Did the Soviet Union ban microwave ovens in 1976?

Some anti-microwave evangelists make the claim that the USSR banned microwave ovens in 1976 following a study which raised health concerns. Sometimes an additional claim is made that the ban lasted ...
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Was Greenpeace ever sponsored by KGB?

I've heard the claim as urban legend many times. Allegedly in 1970s KGB has sponsored various Western "anti-war" movements, especially the ones that could hinder Western nuclear tests. Fact is ...
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7 votes
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Did the USSR have better tanks than Germany in WW2?

Prompted by this question and a comment by matt_black. The T-34 is often cited as the best tank of WW2. However some articles paint a very different picture. Quote: According to the head of the ...
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14 votes
2 answers
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Did the USSR have 21 thousand tanks at the beginning of WW2?

In the Icebreaker series by Viktor Suvorov, he says that at the beginning of World War 2, the Soviet Union had roughly 7 times as many tanks as Nazi Germany, which had 3000-4000 tanks. I can't ...
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21 votes
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Was Oppenheimer a spy passing nuclear secrets to Soviet agents?

From Los Angeles Times: A Soviet spy chief's memoirs published here today claim that the late J. Robert Oppenheimer, head of the U.S. atomic bomb project during and after World War II, passed ...
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13 votes
3 answers
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Is this graph of life expectancy pre and post Chernobyl accurate?

Is the following graph of male life expectancy of ex-Soviet states spanning Chernobyl accurate? The source of the graph is a blog post (チェルノブイリ事故後の平均寿命), which according to google translate means "...
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172 votes
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Did NASA invest a million dollars in the research of a space pen, when the USSR simply used a pencil?

I encountered this picture of the "Russian space pen" from the MIT Museum gift shop When NASA first started sending astronauts into space, they realized that the ball-point pen would not ...
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Is there a Soviet doomsday device called "Perimeter" or "Dead Hand"?

I stumbled upon an article on wired.com which told details about an automatic nuclear retaliation system build by the soviets in the mid-eighties. This system is supposed to ensure destruction of the ...
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