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265 votes
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Did the Nazis kill Jews with gas chambers?

The statements of Robert Faurisson plainly contradict and ignore a vast body of primary sources and academic research on the topic. Some of the documents that address the use of gas chambers by the ...
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188 votes
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In the American west—the world of cowboys and cowhands—was ammunition traded for alcoholic “shots” of a drink?

The answer seems to be no on all accounts. In general, Snopes says: Although the meme is of recent origin, Internet mentions of this alleged historical fact date to at least 2003. Significantly, ...
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177 votes
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Did Euler make the elementary mistake √-2 √-3 = √6?

Euler did write this, but it was not a mistake! Euler's statement was correct under his own definition of the notation that he was using. I looked at the PDF version of Elements of Algebra linked to ...
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  • 1,026
159 votes
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Was Morocco the first country to recognize USA?

Wikipedia states: In December 1777, the Moroccan Sultan Muhammad III included the United States in a list of countries to which Morocco’s ports were open. Morocco thus became the first country whose ...
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156 votes
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Did Susan B. Anthony make these statements regarding suffrage for women and former slaves?

Short version: Susan B. Anthony had a long history of working as an abolitionist, but wasn't willing to settle for gradual victories on the way to women's suffrage. Combine that with a notorious ...
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152 votes
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Was the Roman knowledge of how to build aqueducts lost?

The Romans built the aqueducts -- as well as bridges, piers, and colossal buildings -- out of concrete. Stone and brick were usually just exterior casings for the concrete structural core. And the ...
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134 votes
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Did Donald Trump exclude Muslim countries in which he does business from the recent entry ban?

Yes the facts are accurate, but the implication of causation is questionable. President Trump did sign an executive order banning the citizens of Iran, Syria, Libya, Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, Somalia from ...
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129 votes

Was the wheel invented before the wall?

No, walls predate wheels by several millenia. The invention of the wheel is generally placed at around 3500-4500 BCE. However walls were famously built around the town of Jericho in 8000-9000BCE, so ...
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124 votes

Has the Holocaust been exaggerated?

Numbers The Nazis documented their extermination campaign. So they left detailed documentary records that provide good evidence that six million were killed. For example, there are Nazi records of how ...
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118 votes

Did Rudolf Steiner prove the contagiousness of varicella in 1875?

No, but Johann Steiner did. As identified in the blog referenced in the question, Rudolf Steiner, the well-known polymath would only have been 14 in 1875, so is an unlikely author of the paper. Does ...
115 votes
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Did al-Ghazali lead to decline of science in Islam as Neil Tyson claims?

This is an old myth from the days of Orientalism. Unfortunately Wikipedia is often edited precisely by people who have simply seen popular accounts by people like Tyson (or Skeptoid podcast, or The ...
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115 votes
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Are the claims made by Indian Ministers / personalities regarding ancient Indian inventions true?

Genetic science in Mahabharata Prime Minister Modi claimed that genetic science and plastic surgery existed in Ancient India. source: “We all read about Karna in the Mahabharata. If we think a little ...
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110 votes

Did the Nazis kill Jews with gas chambers?

Regarding the claims of Robert Faurisson, Gas chambers: Rudolf Höß, the Auschwitz Kommandant swore in an affidavit that Zyklon-B was dropped into the death chamber through a small opening. Referring ...
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109 votes

Was Stonehenge built in the 1950s?

The photograph in the OP is by R. J. C. Atkinson, January 1958 and its caption is: STONEHENGE, Wiltshire. Re-erection of Trilithon lintel 158 by the 60 ton 'Brabazon Crane', the larger of two cranes ...
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108 votes
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Was it ever illegal to name a pig "Napoleon" in France?

According to this article (French), there has never been such a law in French codes, but the rumor is persistent over time. It seems that it all come from the censorship of George Orwell's Animal ...
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106 votes
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Did the British navy fail to take into account the ballistics correction due to Coriolis force during WW1 Falkland Islands battle?

No. It is a complete invention of an urban myth. Unless anybody produces a Royal Navy document that even does any mention of this influence of Coriolis effect, this seems to be just untrue. A ...
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101 votes
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A century ago, was giving birth a major cause of death?

Has maternal mortality due to child birth dropped in England over the past 100 years? Yes. Tremendously. The 2006 paper, British maternal mortality in the 19th and early 20th centuries examines this. ...
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  • 133k
101 votes
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Was adding milk to tea started to reduce employee tea break time?

The factory owners certainly did not start the habits of English workers to drink their tea with milk to speed up the breaks. That is a bogus claim incompatible with recorded history. Perhaps there ...
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  • 43.4k
101 votes

Did Hitler say this quote about education?

It is entirely possible that Hitler said something of the sort, although it is rather a stretch to say it is about homeschooling. The law making school attendance compulsory was actually passed in ...
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100 votes
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Did Roman jurists rule that "to learn the art of geometry and to take part in public exercises, an art as damnable as mathematics, are forbidden"?

No. They used a sentence that includes "mathematica" and condemns and forbids it, but they were not using a modern definition of "mathematician", which gives the sentence a very ...
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  • 43.4k
99 votes
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Were World War II scrap drives in the United States truly necessary for the procurement of raw materials?

No. For the "procurement of raw materials" the United States could have continued just like before and still win. Effectively it might have been useful still –– for quite some other reasons. Just ...
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  • 43.4k
94 votes

Was anyone murdered, disappeared, or died suspiciously to cover up the Deepwater Horizon disaster?

Overall, this is a mixture of true, false, and unverifiable claims. First things first: I'm going into this highly skeptical, because part of the claim being made is extreme to me. The OP writes, ...
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94 votes
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Did Sir Arthur Conan Doyle prank 12 men into fleeing their countries?

TL;DR: Rated (old) urban legend Based on this website, this story dates from as far back as 1897, from a magazine called "The Strand". This appears in section which looks like a collection of various ...
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92 votes
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Does Lebanon ban the diary of Anne Frank?

To prevent confusion, I will highlight the definition of the verb ban from Google: officially or legally prohibit (something). The Lebanese American University's libraries (largest libraries in ...
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90 votes
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Was the Berlin Wall Breached Based upon an Erroneous Declaration?

Practically, this is exactly what happened. Günter Schabowski gets a little folded text note that he knew nothing about informing him about new planned travel regulations. Schabowski went on to ...
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89 votes
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Is this colour footage of Breslau in 1939 authentic?

Yes. It is real, and filmed originally in colour, as is, not colourised later. General Edwin Graf von Rothkirch und Trach, the author of this clip, (alternative version to the one in question) was an ...
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  • 43.4k
88 votes
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Did college students clamor for cyanide pills in student health clinics in the 1980's in America?

According to the 1991 book Horrendous Death and Health: Toward Action : Brown University students took significant action in 1984, before the Cold War thawing. The students voted to have the campus ...
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87 votes
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Did Alan Turing publish a paper called The Imitation Game (as claimed in the movie)?

No but also yes. In the 1950 edition of "Mind", Turing published "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" (doi: 10.1093/mind/LIX.236.433, JSTOR, text, PDF) on the subject of artificial intelligence. ...
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  • 16.8k
86 votes

Was there no tax before 1913 in the United States?

The plain meaning is false: there was taxation before 1913. However if you want to play games with words then you can define "earnings" as "income after all expenses and taxes other ...
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