124

Yes, when George H. W. Bush became a pilot, on June 9, 1943, 5 days before his 19th birthday, he was briefly the youngest pilot in the US Navy. However, a month later, Chuck Downey became a pilot on July 16, 1943, 17 days before his 19th birthday, taking over the record. On Friday, 89-year-old Chuck Downey sat down with President George H.W. Bush and his ...


72

Yes, yes, and maybe. The island in question is Hans Island and is disputed territory between Canada and Denmark due to some historical quirks, According to World Atlas, Hans Island is located in the middle of the 22-mile wide Nares Strait, which separates Greenland, an autonomous territory of Denmark, from Canada. Due to international law, all ...


65

Mechanical Resonance Certain types of bridge are susceptible to mechanical resonance effects even when marching soldiers are not involved. Mechanical structures usually have one or more frequencies at which some part of the structure oscillates. A tuning fork has a well-defined natural frequency of oscillation. More complex structures may have a dominant ...


58

By most standards, the answer is no. A navy, strictly defined, is an armed force for prosecuting warfare on bodies of water. The Walt Disney Company has no known ships that would meet this definition. For the sake of discussion, of course, we'll take navy as a jocular synonym for fleet, giving them a foot in the door. A second consideration is that a navy ...


53

I submitted this story to Snopes, and was notified that today they released an article about the incident, claiming it is verified to be false, in short because no female member of HMX-1 was in a position to have met Obama under the circumstances described in the story. The most relevant bit from the Snopes article: We contacted the U.S. Marine Corps ...


51

First, let me clarify some distinctions; a Marine is certainly not a Soldier. Soldier is Army, Airman is Air Force, and a Sailor is Navy. Second, the story is false. As someone with an 'inside scoop', the President wouldn't (and cannot) 'relieve' an enlisted military personnel on the spot. The closest I could find to this story is this article. A 26-...


51

The original web-site provides references to both claims. From those references, we can see that the idea that the former claim is inaccurate, but the latter claims are accurate. It is not that the bibles themselves were too offensive (emphasis mine): volunteers said they were told by the military that they would no longer be allowed to personally ...


49

This graphic appears to be close to the source and lists items but not individual costs. I was able to find a breakdown from 2002 Here’s the breakdown: helmet, $322; uniform, $67.65; body armor, $1,620; nuclear, biological and chemical gear, $341.75, walkie-talkie, $578; boots, $105; M-16 rifle, $586; ...


45

According to John McCain: A Biography (2009): His target that day was a solid one—the power plant in Hanoi, the heavily defended capital of North Vietnam John McCain (2001) has an aerial photograph of the target with the caption: The view from the air the day John McCain was shot down. His target, a power plant, lies on the right side of the lake, ...


31

A torpedo does NOT penetrate the hull of a target vessel, it will have a proximity fuse with possible backup contact fuse and probably a timer fuse as well. So that's one claim already debunked. Wikipedia on the Mark 48 Torpedo Can't find independent verification of this (it's most likely classified what exact fuzing modes exist), but it is consistent with ...


31

This story is sourced to Tyler Blake, professor CSU Northridge. The story is printed in Advances in Human-computer Interaction (1995) at page 94, and the reference for the story is given as Blake, T. (1985). Introduction to Principles and Techniques for Interface Design Tutorial Notes for CHI'85 tutorial. This corresponds to a tutorial by Tyler Blake ...


27

While there's no proof, this seems like an incorrect assertion. Based on the wording, this most likely seems like either a typo (or simply a rather grammatically-challenged typist); or simply two independent targets to give certificate to (probably, the vendor and the asking unit). The latter appears to have evidence backing it up by a series of similar ...


26

There some additional photos of this round hole at this page (in russian): Good quality shoot from unknown source. Text in russian is: "А что значит это отверстие в правом боку подводной лодки" - "And what is meaning of this hole in right side of the submarine". It is clearly seen that hole has very sharp edges on its top and left sides. Also we can see ...


24

I started researching this out of interest and found essentially two stories. You'll have to decide on your own which you want to believe, because there's too little information to say conclusively either way. The Russian Story On the 21st Of April 2014, the Russian state-run Sputnik news agency reported that: Russian Sukhoi Su -24 with the newest ...


24

Unclear, but a still considered a serious problem. With the parameters of the statement provided, it is difficult to definitively confirm or refute it. In order to do so we would would need to know the time frames involved (e.g. one year versus the entire campaign) along with what "attacked by the enemy" means. The latter could be resolved through the use of ...


23

King Goujian's army was known for scaring its enemies before battle by forcing its front line, composed of criminals sentenced to death, to commit suicide by decapitating themselves. Unfortunately, Wikipedia did a poor job in translating Shiji. As pointed out by the OP and Wikipedia, the exact corresponding sentence in Chinese (second sentence of second ...


23

Tongue-in-cheek but true, this Cracked article pretty much sums it up They've won 109, lost 49 and drawn (or as close as you can "draw" a war) 10 times. And for references, there is this page on French military action And some examples still unquoted here The battle of Maregnano, and its legendary swiss-kickings The French revolutionary wars, where ...


22

The Ming period Great Wall, which is the impressive one that tourists visit, generally has battlements on the north side, and parapets on the other so that the guards don't fall off. At Mutianyu, indeed, there are loopholes on both sides. However, even at Mutianyu, the crenels are often only on the north side, as you can see in this photo: Tourist websites ...


20

Avionics do not allow a total override of a weapon system as these articles claim. As someone who not only designs aircraft avionics, but also flew military aircraft, I can state this with certainty. It's a silly claim. It is purely propaganda and headline generation, nothing more. If such technology existed, don't you think that it would have been used to ...


20

Somehow, most of my answers tend to begin with "this is a complicated issue". As ChrisW suspected, there are no indications that NATO, as an organization, has made any formal promises; but there is plenty of evidence that top-level Western officials made public and private promises that NATO would not expand eastwards. The German magazine "SPIEGEL" has run ...


20

The big complication here is that an individual soldier might have have a lot of equipment allocated to them which isn't necessarily in their possession or immediately available to them at any one time. One example is NBC protection equipment. For example a soldier may be issued with a respirator and a protective suit, respirator filters, decontamination ...


20

Yes, at least sometimes. In the 2nd episode of the 2nd season of the British TV show Scrapheap Challenge the challenge was to build a cannon. They tested the cannons in a DERA facility where "real" cannons are tested, and the test was supervised and lead by DERA personal. When firing the second time, the host of the show asked the DERA person that was in ...


18

There's a Scientific American article, Cost of Medical Care for Transgender Service Members Would Be Minimal, Studies Show, which cites two studies: One from the RAND Corporation: The study also estimated that the cost associated with medical care for gender transition would only increase military health care expenditures by between $2.4 million and $8.4 ...


16

Does it work or not? So far Hyperstealth Biotechnology Corpy have not made public any clear evidence that "Quantum Stealth" material bends light or even exists. The product appears to be no more than a marketing concept. Unrelated researchers have been working on "invisibility cloaks" 1 2, but these seem to be far from practical. We can speculate that ...


15

The most commonly known Kalashnikov weapon, so called because of the designer Mikhail Kalashnikov, the AK-47 is not used as a matter of course by US Special Forces. The M4 carbine or M16 rifle is currently the preferred choice, although it is on a long list of weapons. However, that is not to say that special forces are not trained in the use of the AK-47 ...


15

I would also add to France's victories the American Revolutionary War. France did not fight on its own for this war, but without the help of France, America would not be independent. Indeed, France officially directly supported the war (Simms American Revolutionary war history book): The Franco-American alliance refers to the 1778 alliance between Louis ...


15

The article in The Telegraph is dated August 10. This article from the US Air Force dated August 8 shows pictures of the pallets to be dropped over Sinjar, including this high-res photograph. In that photograph, the black bags on top look like parachutes. Figure 3-7 on page 3-8 of this document is an illustration of a folded parachute. Page 1-1 of ...


14

Three professors from MIT have done an admirable job in analyzing this incident (PDF). Slide 12 has a particularly compelling statement, especially given the complexity of the situation, and the attempt of uninformed people to simplify the situation: Although many analysts have tried in the past 15 years to point to a single factor theory, the general ...


14

According to the 7 November 2013 New York Times article Reports of Military Sexual Assault Rise Sharply Last summer that survey found that about 26,000 men and women in the military were sexually assaulted in 2011, up from 19,000 in 2010 So he might not have phrased precisely, but there is some basis to what he is saying. The 19,000 number was really ...


13

The Swiss airforce monitors its airspace permanently, 24 hours a day 365 days a year. However, means to intervene in the form of airborne aircraft are usually available only during office hours. Exceptions to this rule include special security situations, such as during the annual World Economic Forum in Davos. The last publicized case of a lack of ...


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