I've come across several sources claiming that the US is more tolerant of trial-and-error than other cultures:
(The Black Swan by Nassim Nicholas Taleb) "American culture encourages the process of failure, unlike the cultures of Europe and Asia where failure is met with stigma and embarrassment."
(a BBC article) "The US has a culture tolerant of failure, driven by individual passion." (Implied contrast with the situation in China.)
(a book review of The Upside of Down by Megan McArdle) "America succeeds because Americans fail and forgive." "The U.S. has the most accessible bankruptcy laws in the world."
I found a single academic article on this topic (from the University of Cambridge), which has a more nuanced view, distinguishing between "failure tolerance" and "second chancing". Are there any other credible sources that discuss the attitude towards failure in different cultures?