I had a terrible cold last week, and bought "Otrivin Zoutoplossing Plus Eucalyptus" (site in Dutch) nasal spray to help with the congtion.
This particular type contains a salt solution and Eucalyptus; it worked in so far as that it made me feel better, however, the packaging (as well as the website) also claim:
Otrivin Zoutoplossing Plus met Eucalyptus heeft bovendien een zuiverende werking die je neusholten vrijmaakt van in het slijm verstrikte bacteriën en virussen. Helpt zo de ontwikkeling van verdere infecties te voorkomen.
Which translates to:
This product also has a purifying effect which clears your nasal cavity from bacteria & viruses that are stuck in the mucus. This helps prevent further infections.
Is this true? There are no studies cited, and none of the other brands make this claim, in fact, even other nasal sprays from the same brand (such as those with only a salt solution or Xylometazoline) don't make this claim.