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165

When Bernie Sanders claimed Amazon didn't pay federal income taxes in 2017, Snopes wrote a helpful article: In regards to U.S. federal income taxes, the claim that Amazon paid none in 2017 is almost certainly factual. While Amazon’s tax filings are not public, their SEC filing for the year 2017 illustrates that the company used the tax code expertly (and ...


132

Highly likely. The infant mortality rate in Iran is 13 (per 1000 births); the infant mortality rate for African Americans in Ohio (but not specialized to Youngstown) is 15.6. There may be difference in definition (in the USA, some neonatal deaths that are included in the IMR are classified as stillbirths in other countries and excluded), but Ohio would not ...


128

Yes, when George H. W. Bush became a pilot, on June 9, 1943, 5 days before his 19th birthday, he was briefly the youngest pilot in the US Navy. However, a month later, Chuck Downey became a pilot on July 16, 1943, 17 days before his 19th birthday, taking over the record. On Friday, 89-year-old Chuck Downey sat down with President George H.W. Bush and his ...


118

The reason for this discrepancy is because the data from the Umweltbundesamt includes construction and demolition waste (see figure below and surrounding text on your linked webpage) whereas the data from the EPA "does not include everything that is landfilled in MSW, or nonhazardous, landfills, such as construction and demolition (C&D) debris, municipal ...


108

Our sister site, Law StackExchange, has this same question: Is it truly illegal for the US army to hire someone with IQ less than 83?, with a high-quality accepted answer. The answer is not a simple yes or no, but the claim is not too misleading: the assertion that the law prohibits people with an IQ score of 83 or less from serving in the U.S. military ...


98

No. As vague as the claim is, there does not appear to be any angle to take in which it is true. Looking at the decades: Wages in the United States increased 4.20 percent in November of 2018 over the same month in the previous year. Wage Growth in the United States averaged 6.21 percent from 1960 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 13.78 percent in ...


89

According to the 1991 book Horrendous Death and Health: Toward Action : Brown University students took significant action in 1984, before the Cold War thawing. The students voted to have the campus health center stock cyanide pills so they could easily commit suicide in the event of a nuclear war and according to a Brown University webpage: On ...


89

It's a PR stunt, and a very bad one at that. There are several debunkings out there, e.g. from ElecTrek, or (the best IMHO) from DÆrik @ YouTube. Strongest points made by DÆrik: The press release by PromoBot claims that the driver has "put the car in self-driving mode". Such a mode does not exist in available Tesla models. The Tesla "autopilot" would not ...


89

If you use the definition of "mass shooting" used by Gun Violence Archives, this is the 115th mass shooting in the United States in 2019. I have twice previously answered questions regarding statistics in mass shootings in On average in the US, is there a mass shooting 9 out of every 10 days? and Are handguns used in 80% of mass shootings?. For the sake of ...


86

The documentary film Food, Inc. was released in June 2009. Nicholas Kristof wrote an op-ed in the New York Times about this movie on June 20, 2009. One tidbit he omitted from his draft of the article was the statistic raised in the question, that the number of FDA food safety inspections had fallen from 50,000 in 1972 to 9164 in 2006. He wrote about why he ...


84

Independently, Pew has discovered that a greater percentage of Democrats believe in astrology than Republicans: They include details on their survey methods. They did provide a definition of astrology in the survey: "that the position of the stars and planets can affect people’s lives". This may rule out people confusing astronomy and astrology. To ...


79

It's a vague claim because it doesn't specify over what interval (monthly or yearly), real versus nominal, hourly wages or weekly wages. However, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 11 January 2019 that: Real average hourly earnings for all employees increased 0.5 percent from November to December and Real average weekly earnings increased ...


78

Rao wrote the blog article Substantive Dignity-Dwarf-throwing, Burqa Bans, and Welfare Rights as well as more-formal articles cited therein: In a much-discussed French case, Mr. Wackenheim, a dwarf, made his living by allowing himself to be thrown for sport. The mayors of several cities banned dwarf tossing events. Mr. Wackenheim challenged the orders ...


78

As for the challenged claim, that is a qualified yes (Michelle's staff was larger than Melania's, but not by that much, and there were reasons for it). The Hill writes in an article dated October 2017: Melania Trump has a smaller group of aides compared to her predecessor, Michelle Obama, according to the news outlet's analysis of White House personnel ...


75

Yes, this figure is consistent with estimates from 20 years ago. The 1995 paper Endangered Ecosystems of the United States: A Preliminary Assessment of Loss and Degradation collates some relevant estimates from the literature in Appendix A. 50 United States 85% of original primary (virgin) forest destroyed by late 1980's (Postel and Ryan 1991). ...


75

When? If you go back far enough, it's likely... The data collected by Tietze showed 2,677 deaths from abortion in 1933... ...and then maybe... ...compared with 888 in 1945, with much of the decline in septic cases associated with illegal abortions. (The numbers also include deaths from "therapeutic abortions," permitted by law, and "spontaneous ...


68

It seems unlikely. While this claim was widely copied, it derived from a single source in the espionage community: Thomas C. Reed in At the Abyss: An Insider's History of the Cold War. There was no confirmation from other sources. The book Cybercrime explains: […] Reed's book is the only public mention of the incident and his account relied on a single ...


63

Notice: This answer addresses revision 3 of the question. It seems quite nonsensical, as there were 'white' people in Virginia at the time. The European settlers from England would count as 'white' today? That is 'white' in the racist sense of people of light skin tone (which arguably is not white (rgb(255, 255, 255)) but rosy/pinky/pale, whatever you'd ...


57

According to Politico: Chuck Schumer calls the wall “medieval.” and according to The Hill, Schumer said: Let me just walk my friends in the House through it. Democrats are not budging on the wall. We favor smart, effective border security, not a medieval wall. A Trump shut down will not convince a single Democrat to support bilking the American ...


53

Yes and/or no From US Code Chapter 34: National Emergencies §1622. National emergencies (a) Termination methods Any national emergency declared by the President in accordance with this subchapter shall terminate if— (1) there is enacted into law a joint resolution terminating the emergency; or (2) the President issues a proclamation ...


51

The claim is a little disingenuous, because it introduces a false equivalence between the existence of an open investigation without conclusions, and an investigation by authorities that led to a lawsuit that led to the Donald J. Trump Foundation dissolving. After all, anyone can conduct an investigation (below you will see mention of "bounty hunters" ...


51

No, not really. They were making a dramatic and hyperbolic gesture about the dangers of nuclear holocaust, but they were not seriously hoping to have pills handy for use. In any event, organizers say their aim is largely symbolic: they want people to equate nuclear war with suicide. "There are words we hear talk about when people mention nuclear war: ...


50

The first image is legitimate. It is of a Paradise CA neighborhood after the Camp fire raged through the town (KTVU). The third image definitely is not of Paradise CA. This image was used three months prior to the Camp fire in support of a conspiracy theory regarding the use of directed energy weapons in these fires (conspiracy theorist). Addressing the ...


48

Are we talking representative polls by reputable pollsters, or "online polls"? Is being in favor of an impeachment inquiry the same as "wanting Trump impeached"? Lots of wriggle room there. How many Americans want the Bidens investigated? CBS News sees 43% "in favor of further investigation", 29% saying "too soon to say". As per the same article, 55% ...


47

If we listen a couple of seconds longer, Coulter specifies that it's about the "fusion GPS story", so it's about the Trump-Russia dossier. Cost of the dossier There are a number of claims out there: $168k paid by Fusion GPS to Orbis/Steel, according to Fusion GPS. This is the money - minus Steels salary and operational costs - that theoretically could ...


45

This article covers the history, including representative statistics. This paper provides some more statistics. The key quotation is: In 1940 there were 1407 abortion-related deaths (excluding spontaneous abortions). By 1966 there were 160 abortion-related deaths, an 89% decline that took place before any state had passed less restrictive abortion laws. ...


42

No. The more I read this claim, the more and more messier I realize it is. The Tweet claims several things: There is a law in Alabama about false accusation of rape. That law states that if a person is found not guilty of rape, the accuser is sent to jail. The law was part of the anti-abortion bill passed in Alabama this past spring. Only the first of ...


40

This popular science article, generally backs up Peterson's claims. All military recruits must take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) to qualify for enlistment. The ASVAB is essentially an IQ test (correlation = 0.8). The ASVAB predicts SAT scores (correlation = .82). And it correlates with ACT scores (0.77). To qualify, recruits ...


39

As further confirmation, the Associated Press says: Asked to explain the words, the White House said in an email to The Associated Press that “as the President has said, all options are on the table.” The statement did not say anything further about the note.


38

TL;DR - we don't know if the study is corroborated. I will continue to look into this topic to edit and improve the answer. It may be too early to conclude if the results of the 2018 paper are corroborated by other sources. RE: Methodology, the paper covers it well (emphasis added). We constructed an original database of all confirmed uses of deadly ...


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