252

These statements are absolutely supported by studies. In the World Happiness Report ranks countries according to various life measures. It is by far the most widely used and widely reported measure of happiness. The US ranks 13th in 2016. All Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Iceland) ranked above it. In the Health life expectancy ...


168

No. Mohammed was not the most popular first name in Berlin 2018. The official Berlin statistics conclude something different. And at the very least: It seems not likely to be possibly true, regardless of you twist the statistics. But it depends a bit on how you count names, and whether you do that in a consistent manner. The official Ordnungsamt Berlin ...


151

DJClayworth's answer is right, but I would like to add on one remark in the question that that answer didn't address: "especially those at the bottom of the economic scale". As DJClayworth's argued, mean standards are higher in Nordic countries than in the USA, but situation in those countries is not just better than in the USA: it's also less unequal - you ...


73

The 40% figure most likely comes from Pew Research Center: By the year 2050, 41% of Americans believe that Jesus Christ definitely (23%) or probably (18%) will have returned to earth. The figures can be seen here: However, Pew does not make the global warming implication. There is a study by Barker and Bearce about this: the authors show that ...


69

This has been studied in 2002 and 2009 at Texas A&M on monkeys and toddlers respectively, and the findings were that boys are genetically programmed to like trucks and girls to like dolls. Findings from another study at Emory University, Atlanta in 2008 on monkeys also concluded the same. The technique in the 2002 study on vervet monkeys was ...


54

THE claim "Bullies are looking for attention. Ignore them and the bullying will stop" is considered to be a myth since research shows that bullies are looking for control, and they rarely stop if their behavior is ignored. The level of bullying usually increases if the bullying is not addressed by adults since researchers in 2010 showed that recourse to "...


52

There have been several studies over the years on the rates of atheism in the top scientists in various fields, the people who are recognized as being highly accomplished. This is a letter in Nature in 1998 describing the findings of the most recent iteration of this study. In 1998, members of the prestigious National Academy of Sciences were polled on ...


42

tl;dr- This claim is true. It may sound weird that some biological males are castrated and then raised as though they were female, however it's been done to address a birth defect where genitals aren't properly formed. A recent survey suggests that this practice is in decline. Other studies show that sex-specific biology affects behavior in ways that ...


40

Bonobos are a prime example of sex for the sake of sex. Also Capuchins. Anyone who has watched the Discovery Channel enough knows about this behavior. I am quite surprised that the lecturer would make such a blatantly wrong statement. Bonobos have their own domain that even states: Sex permeates the fabric of bonobo society, weaving through all ...


39

Bonobos are an example. From Discovering Animal Behaviour: Sex is key to the social life of the Bonobo. They largely use sex as a means to alleviate conflicts or resolve them. When ill feelings begin to form between Bonobos– everything stemming from territorial issues to competition for food– their first reaction is to smooth it over with sexual ...


34

This is based on numerous flawed assumptions. It should not be calculated in such a simplistic way, because: chance of dying in given time is not uniformly distributed among people, there are great variety of factors (genetic, behavioral and environmental); For example there are numerous wars going on right now, greatly increasing chances of death in these ...


34

The paper does not claim that that 97% of scientists endorse AGW. The study was conducted to evaluate the consensus within the published literature, and it found that an overwhelming percentage of published papers expressing a view on the question do endorse the premise that human activity is causing global warming. Among abstracts expressing a position ...


31

As one example, bottlenose dolphins routinely engage in non-reproductive intercourse - this can be when females are not in estrus (I can't locate the reference though), and there is also a lot of non-intercourse sexual behaviour between individuals, even between males (Mann, J. 2006. Sociosexual behaviour among Indian Ocean bottle-nose dolphins and the ...


31

The Village Voice performed two months of investigative research and found weak evidence to back that claim: Law enforcement records show that there were only 8,263 arrests across America for child prostitution during the most recent decade. The "100,000 to 300,000" figure ... came from two University of Pennsylvania professors, Richard J. Estes and ...


30

For some reason, when reading about, or listening to claims about things people argue over, and disagree with, I am reminded of a quote: "There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies and statistics." - Mark Twain's Own Autobiography: The Chapters from the North American Review And this is ESPECIALLY true, when the speaker is supporting a viewpoint or ...


30

The 10% quoted in the British survey is not credible because of how the survey was conducted, but reliable numbers might be as high as 4% The original survey that prompted the Question was conducted by UK campaigning website Mumsnet as part of their Rape Awareness Campaign. Unfortunately their good intentions are undone by bad survey design and some ...


29

Yes for short term, probably not for long term. I think you somewhat answered this already, at least for short term mating/relationships (per Jonason). There does seem to be evidence that the "dark triad" personality provides an advantage when it comes to short term mating, but perhaps not for long term relationships. Jonason, et al. The Dark Triad: ...


29

Someone pointed out that the answer was in your question. But do you really mean, "Do atheists have a better knowledge of religion than believers, all other factors being equal?". What if atheists have a better knowledge of many things than beleivers, because they tend to be better educated. Your figures also showed Mormons and Jews to be exceptionally ...


28

First, it's important to note that there are three claims being made here: People in Nordic countries are happier than people in the United States. People in Nordic countries are healthier than people in the United States. People in Nordic countries have an overall higher standard of living than people in the United States. Other answers have already ...


24

Scientists from Cambridge University found that boys and girls are different (sexual dimorphism) even from day one. They exposed infants one day old to a thing and a face, and measured differences in interest (looking time). Neither the test person nor the timer knew which sex each infant was. The abstract from the 2000 study, "Sex differences in human ...


24

Mallard ducks are reported to both attempt to rape ducks of the same sex, as well as practice necrophilia. Either of those should qualify on some level as non-reproductive sex, even if not consensual for the one in a pickle. This discovery earned Kees Moeliker the Ig Nobel prize in 2003. The guardian reports: Ducks behave pretty badly, it seems. It is not ...


24

If you do the arithmetic, the statement that struck you: We find that 66.4% of abstracts expressed no position on AGW, 32.6% endorsed AGW, 0.7% rejected AGW and 0.3% were uncertain about the cause of global warming. gives the 97%. You throw out the 66.4% that did not take a position since they provide no data on the question. 32.6 / (32.6 + 0.3 + 0....


23

There are two reasonable answers to this already, but it's worth noting that there was an article discussing this exact question in the Guardian in 2014: https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2014/dec/01/muhammad-not-most-popular-boys-name-in-britain The key finding was: The proportion of the population that is Muslim is 4.8%, while the most ...


21

It's times like this, on issues like this, that I'm most saddened by the restriction of access to academic literature. Being privileged with access to such material, I'll provide at least some citations and quotes from this restricted pool of research. I will draw liberally from an excellent review that was accepted for publication in 1998, The Adjustment ...


20

tl;dr: Yes, being a strong laissez-faire free-market supporter is correlated with rejecting some specific science The Lewandowsky study looks at the attitudes of people who read climate blogs, and does indeed find a positive correlation between those who support a laisssz-faire (i.e. unregulated) view of free markets, and who reject specific areas of well-...


19

TL;DR Version: There are some significant problems with the APA's claim in 2005 that there are no negative effects. Further research (with larger sample sizes, more representative participants, more outcomes analyzed, and longer-running) is necessary to determine if there are negative effects. There's a good paper titled "Same-Sex Parenting and Children’s ...


18

The rate of population growth is declining and will soon become negative. UN DESA provides 3 prediction variants: high, medium, low. Of these only the low one predicts decline and only by 2050. With medium growth slowly declines, but is non-negative up to 2100. So while it's true that the growth is declining, it most likely will not become negative ...


18

This question will be very difficult to answer to the standards that this site demands. That is mostly because it is so difficult to actually come to a coherent definition of an atheist, as well as to actually determine what different reports say and mean... There is a joke on some atheist community forums that the word atheist means: "The only people who ...


18

According to an over 100 page federally-funded study The Campus Sexual Assault (CSA) Study, studying the January 2005 through December 2007 time period: Nearly 5% of the total sample was forcibly sexually assaulted since college entry (4.7%, box 9). More than three percent of the women (3.4%) experienced forced rape since entering college (box 11) and 1.4%...


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