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255

These statements are absolutely supported by studies. In the World Happiness Report ranks countries according to various life measures. It is by far the most widely used and widely reported measure of happiness. The US ranks 13th in 2016. All Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Iceland) ranked above it. In the Health life expectancy ...


168

No. Mohammed was not the most popular first name in Berlin 2018. The official Berlin statistics conclude something different. And at the very least: It seems not likely to be possibly true, regardless of you twist the statistics. But it depends a bit on how you count names, and whether you do that in a consistent manner. The official Ordnungsamt Berlin ...


151

DJClayworth's answer is right, but I would like to add on one remark in the question that that answer didn't address: "especially those at the bottom of the economic scale". As DJClayworth's argued, mean standards are higher in Nordic countries than in the USA, but situation in those countries is not just better than in the USA: it's also less unequal - you ...


73

The 40% figure most likely comes from Pew Research Center: By the year 2050, 41% of Americans believe that Jesus Christ definitely (23%) or probably (18%) will have returned to earth. The figures can be seen here: However, Pew does not make the global warming implication. There is a study by Barker and Bearce about this: the authors show that ...


55

THE claim "Bullies are looking for attention. Ignore them and the bullying will stop" is considered to be a myth since research shows that bullies are looking for control, and they rarely stop if their behavior is ignored. The level of bullying usually increases if the bullying is not addressed by adults since researchers in 2010 showed that recourse to "...


52

There have been several studies over the years on the rates of atheism in the top scientists in various fields, the people who are recognized as being highly accomplished. This is a letter in Nature in 1998 describing the findings of the most recent iteration of this study. In 1998, members of the prestigious National Academy of Sciences were polled on ...


43

tl;dr- This claim is true. It may sound weird that some biological males are castrated and then raised as though they were female, however it's been done to address a birth defect where genitals aren't properly formed. A recent survey suggests that this practice is in decline. Other studies show that sex-specific biology affects behavior in ways that ...


34

The paper does not claim that that 97% of scientists endorse AGW. The study was conducted to evaluate the consensus within the published literature, and it found that an overwhelming percentage of published papers expressing a view on the question do endorse the premise that human activity is causing global warming. Among abstracts expressing a position ...


31

The Village Voice performed two months of investigative research and found weak evidence to back that claim: Law enforcement records show that there were only 8,263 arrests across America for child prostitution during the most recent decade. The "100,000 to 300,000" figure ... came from two University of Pennsylvania professors, Richard J. Estes and ...


30

The 10% quoted in the British survey is not credible because of how the survey was conducted, but reliable numbers might be as high as 4% The original survey that prompted the Question was conducted by UK campaigning website Mumsnet as part of their Rape Awareness Campaign. Unfortunately their good intentions are undone by bad survey design and some ...


29

First, it's important to note that there are three claims being made here: People in Nordic countries are happier than people in the United States. People in Nordic countries are healthier than people in the United States. People in Nordic countries have an overall higher standard of living than people in the United States. Other answers have already ...


25

There are two reasonable answers to this already, but it's worth noting that there was an article discussing this exact question in the Guardian in 2014: https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2014/dec/01/muhammad-not-most-popular-boys-name-in-britain The key finding was: The proportion of the population that is Muslim is 4.8%, while the most ...


24

Scientists from Cambridge University found that boys and girls are different (sexual dimorphism) even from day one. They exposed infants one day old to a thing and a face, and measured differences in interest (looking time). Neither the test person nor the timer knew which sex each infant was. The abstract from the 2000 study, "Sex differences in human ...


24

If you do the arithmetic, the statement that struck you: We find that 66.4% of abstracts expressed no position on AGW, 32.6% endorsed AGW, 0.7% rejected AGW and 0.3% were uncertain about the cause of global warming. gives the 97%. You throw out the 66.4% that did not take a position since they provide no data on the question. 32.6 / (32.6 + 0.3 + 0....


21

It's times like this, on issues like this, that I'm most saddened by the restriction of access to academic literature. Being privileged with access to such material, I'll provide at least some citations and quotes from this restricted pool of research. I will draw liberally from an excellent review that was accepted for publication in 1998, The Adjustment ...


20

tl;dr: Yes, being a strong laissez-faire free-market supporter is correlated with rejecting some specific science The Lewandowsky study looks at the attitudes of people who read climate blogs, and does indeed find a positive correlation between those who support a laisssz-faire (i.e. unregulated) view of free markets, and who reject specific areas of well-...


19

TL;DR Version: There are some significant problems with the APA's claim in 2005 that there are no negative effects. Further research (with larger sample sizes, more representative participants, more outcomes analyzed, and longer-running) is necessary to determine if there are negative effects. There's a good paper titled "Same-Sex Parenting and Children’s ...


19

Since it may be subjective which indicators to use for comparing what constitutes a good life, the The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has published the OECD Better Life Index http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/#/11111115551 The Better life index makes it easy to compare the Nordic countries with the US. Variables: Housing, Income, ...


18

This question will be very difficult to answer to the standards that this site demands. That is mostly because it is so difficult to actually come to a coherent definition of an atheist, as well as to actually determine what different reports say and mean... There is a joke on some atheist community forums that the word atheist means: "The only people who ...


18

The rate of population growth is declining and will soon become negative. UN DESA provides 3 prediction variants: high, medium, low. Of these only the low one predicts decline and only by 2050. With medium growth slowly declines, but is non-negative up to 2100. So while it's true that the growth is declining, it most likely will not become negative ...


18

According to an over 100 page federally-funded study The Campus Sexual Assault (CSA) Study, studying the January 2005 through December 2007 time period: Nearly 5% of the total sample was forcibly sexually assaulted since college entry (4.7%, box 9). More than three percent of the women (3.4%) experienced forced rape since entering college (box 11) and 1.4%...


17

Given that prostitution is also observed in animals - including some very closely related to humans - it seems likely that proto-humans were willing to exchange sexual favours for valuables. Whether this counts as prostitution is a matter of definition. I think it might be possible to say that prostitution is the oldest living profession in the Western ...


17

It's certainly not universal. In the UK, swearing is relatively common among the upper and lower classes and aversion to swearing is a primarily lower middle class trait. This has been studied quantitatively in this wonderfully-titled paper: Swearing in Modern British English: The Case of Fuck in the BNC [British National Corpus] Anthony McEnery and ...


15

No. Bhutan ranks 84 out of 157 in the World Happiness Report ((Download PDF for 2016 version), published by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network. This is based on 2013-2015 rankings for a Gallup poll using a Cantril ladder (self-ranking on a scale from 0-10). (The typical annual sample was 1,000 people per country). There is also a ...


15

I am answering the current version of the question, which asks: 'Did Robert Putnam publish a study that found that diversity has "incredibly negative consequences"?' Robert Putnam did publish: Putnam, R. D. (2007), E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-first Century The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture. Scandinavian Political Studies, 30: ...


14

First, I'm just going to say that there are several of studies on this topic from J.E. Leighley and J. Nagler that breaks down differences in voting turnout on several different factors (as well as dozens more by other authors). I'm providing this information for comprehensiveness, rather than to answer this specific question directly, because the issue is ...


14

No, 97% of peer reviewed studies do not endorse that global warming is human caused The study found that 97% of abstracts about 'global climate' or 'global climate change', at least "Implied humans are causing global warming. E.g., research assumes greenhouse gas emissions cause warming without explicitly stating humans are the cause." versus abstracts that ...


13

Snopes investigated this claim and concluded it was False. Although there's a grain of truth to this claim, the legend that sprouted from it is a different kind of fruit: a marketing innovation did revive flagging sales of cake mixes, but it wasn't the innovation most people think it was. Snopes provides quotes to demonstrate: the addition of dried ...


13

Yes it really happened, although the term "county fair" isn't exactly right, it was the annual show of the West of England Fat Stock and Poultry Society at Plymouth, England. See the below articles for details. Vox Populi Nature 75, 450-451 (07 March 1907) (alternative link) After weeding thirteen cards out of the collection, as being defective or ...


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