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113

The cancer.gov site you referenced says that the median age of diagnosis is 70. That implies that you smoke and then, later in life/time, you may be diagnosed with cancer. Therefore, for example, Lung cancer incidence statistics from the UK says: Trends in lung cancer incidence rates reflect past trends in cigarette smoking prevalence. Smoking rates ...


30

Electronic cigarettes may not be harmless but they are clearly much less harmful than cigarettes Public Health England (PHE) produced a review of e-cigs in the middle of 2015 which came to this conclusion: The role and impact of electronic cigarettes has been one of the great debates in public health in recent years and we commissioned this independent ...


23

The Swedish summary appears to refer to this paper: Estimating the cost of a smoking employee, Micah Berman, Rob Crane, Eric Seiber, Mehmet Munur Tob Control, doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050888 It was an economic analysis based on existing literature. We examined absenteeism, presenteesim, smoking breaks, healthcare costs and pension benefits for ...


17

Is 1 hour of shisha as harmful as smoking 100 cigarettes? There are studies supporting the idea that this is probably close to the right order of magnitude. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention claim The amount of smoke inhaled during a typical hookah session is about 90,000 milliliters (ml), compared with 500–600 ml inhaled when smoking a ...


14

TLDR: The claim does appear to have support from scientific studies. Details: The original claimant has tweeted a citation to support her claim: It's true! Smokers die earlier so cost the health system less than healthy people who clog up hospitals in old age http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/6/e001678.full The cited article ("The net effect of ...


13

Bananas contain no known psychedelic substances, so any "high" that is experienced is purely psychological. The book Rooted in America: Foodlore of Popular Fruits and Vegetables gives a short overview over the topic: For a few months in 1967 bananas made he headlines as the latest ingredient for a psychedelic trip. Underground newspapers in Berkley, New ...


11

The video shows a brief shot of their source: A quick search reveals this CBNC article: In a new paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta economists Julie Hotchkiss and Melinda Pitts found that smokers only earn about 80 percent of what nonsmokers earn. People who used to smoke and quit more than a year earlier, though, earn 7 percent more than people who ...


10

The USC webpage states MARIJUANA USE CONSEQUENCES The well-confirmed danger of smoking marijuana is lung damage and lung cancer. As examples: 1 joint = 5 cigarettes in terms of amount of carbon monoxide (CO) intake. 1 joint = 4 cigarettes in terms of amount of tar intake. 2 joints = 20 cigarettes in terms of microscopic damage to ...


8

Yes, some doctors do recommend smoking marijuana in certain cases. In this article in Virtual Mentor, Dr. Igor Grant, MD, says that smoked marijuana can be useful in cases of painful sensory neuropathy, and specifically describes inhalation as superior to oral administration. Grant is chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California, ...


8

The CDC, NIH, Mayo Clinic, ACS, ALA, and the Australian Government are all saying the same thing. There are known studies that smoking lowers the birth-weight of a baby, which is one of the main factors in their likelihood to survive. It also raises the risk of SIDS. According to Laws PJ, Grayson N & Sullivan EA babies of smoking mothers are 50% more ...


7

The reason one feels physical addiction is because one is physically addicted to a substance, which is not a "toxin". For coffee drinkers, the substance is caffeine, which occurs naturally in coffee beans. For heroin addicts, the substance is the opium derivative that occurs naturally in opium poppies (or is synthesized chemically to resemble opium, but ...


7

I was considering the same question when I lived in Shanghai (a very polluted city indeed) and was told that many industrial cities in the north east of China was many times worse. While smokers may decide how many cigarettes they may smoke within the limits imposed by their addiction, people have to endure the pollution in the city they live. ...


6

tl;dr Going to a sauna does not speed up removing toxins from the body caused by smoking. According to the American Cancer Society: Different factors affect how long it takes the body to remove nicotine and its by-products. In most cases, regular smokers will still have nicotine and/or its by-products, such as cotinine, in their bodies for about 3 ...


6

The drinking and tattoo claims seem to be true. Does Ronaldo not have any tattoos so that he can donate blood more freely? This seems to be correct. Various places report it online, for example Yahoo Sports. Yahoo sports cites Diretta News in its article. that the footballer has confirmed that he has no tattoos on his body because they would prevent him ...


5

Pharmacology and Toxicology of Nicotine with Special Reference to Species Variation Science 02 May 1958: Vol. 127, pages 1054-1055 reports actual experimental data by injecting nicotine into the muscles of horses. It was determined that the "minimal effective dose" (meaning minimal dose required to cause paralysis) was 4.0 mg/kg and the "approximate lethal ...


5

Probably not. The article you quoted is must be very old. It refers to a recent reclassification of cannabis to a class-C drug in UK law, which happened in 2001 (and was reclassified as Class-B in 2009). It also refers to a BMJ article published "today", which I assume is Comparing cannabis with tobacco.. This article attempts to correlate the ...


4

The claim 'drinking a can of soda is just as bad for you as smoking a cigarette' can be denied on two factors mentioned below. A study researching dietary patterns, food groups, and telomere length in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) in 2008 found no connection between sugar-sweetened soda and telomere length (i.e. shorter telomeres). This ...


4

The modern, public information is that tobacco smoke contains many chemicals which cause cancer: American Lung Association There are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they create more than 7,000 chemicals. At least 69 of these chemicals are known to cause cancer, and many are poisonous. Cancer Research UK Some cancer-causing ...


3

Issue: Whether smoking tobacco increases work capacity? Evidence: The meta analytic study quoted in the OP's source is only directly about the effects of nicotine on cognition and is not connected with the other chemicals emitted during tobacco smoking i.e. cigarette smoke contains 4000-7000 chemicals out of which 70 is carcinogenic. So this cannot be ...


3

Medicinal Use of Marijuana — Polling Results (from a 2013 poll in the New England Journal of Medicine) says, We were surprised by the outcome of polling and comments, with 76% of all votes in favor of the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes ... In sum, the majority of clinicians would recommend the use of medicinal marijuana in certain circumstances. ...


3

Despite the consensus, there are good quality studies that don't find a strong link I think the scientific consensus is clear: almost everyone thinks secondhand smoke is bad. But skeptics should carefully consider, especially in areas where emotions run as high as this, the alternative views. Here is a large scale study of the long term effects of ...


2

It's complicated There are many different ways of modelling the cost of tobacco to society, depending on what figures are included or excluded from the total amount. For example, Devine's described model appears to have a goal of minimising only the per person cost of health care. This is self-evidently a poor choice of metric, as it justifies absurd ...


2

Do the unpleasing side effects of a cigarette out weigh the chemical response of pleasure induced from smoking? A few important links stated by the research of the U.S. government. One statement tells us: Research has shown how nicotine acts on the brain to produce a number of effects. Of primary importance to its addictive nature are findings that ...


2

Here is a web page from The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, which I think is supposed to train medical students about risk, and which uses Champix as a case study: Champix It summarizes the "controversy", including individual anecdotes: Musician Carter Albrecht was shot and killed by his girlfriend's neighbour. ... and actions by ...


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