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91

We do know that (at least one of) his dentures used human teeth, as you can see in this picture of the exhibit (taken from Snopes), which says: Contrary to popular myth, Washington’s false teeth were not made of wood but of human and cow teeth as well as elephant ivory. In addition, the official website of Mount Vernon notes that: Washington bought human ...


49

According to The Iniquity of Leasing Convict Labor Engineering Magazine September 1891, pages 749-757: The convict lease system exists in all the Southern States, with the exception of Maryland and Delaware. ... composed almost wholly of the freedmen fresh from slavery and the tremendous and, to them, wonderful results of the greatest civil war in ...


43

Strictly speaking, the quoted claim is most immediately one about Hans Sloane's writings. So if this is an accurate description of what Sloane wrote, Olusoga is telling the truth. Olusoga is not specific about which writings he is referring to. At least some of Sloane's writings are relatively easy to find online, but so far, I'm not able to pinpoint quotes ...


40

The initial quote that, A hundred castellanos are as easily obtained for a woman as for a farm, and there are plenty of dealers who go about looking for girls; those from nine to ten are now in demand, and for all ages a good price must be paid. comes from a letter that Christopher Columbus wrote while prisoner on a ship being sent back to Spain ...


39

No. According to The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery, in the section "Judaism in the Antebellum South" which begins at page 384: About 5,000 Jews owned one or more slaves—about 1.25 percent of all the slaveowners It says "a few" Jews owned plantations and lists Judah P. Benjamin as having a plantation with 140 slaves, Maj. Raphael J. Moses a ...


35

Let's be clear about what is being claimed by that. Note the exact language - "slave trade." If the question is whether there was a ban on slavery, absolutely not. So.... "slave trade"?? Let's look at what the document actually says. The Confederate Constitution basically used the US Constitution as its starting point. The passage ...


29

Historians routinely agree that the Irish were not slaves in the sense of chattel slavery (i.e. to distinguish it from indentured slavery). I cannot find ANY source in the article that you reference that would lend historical credibility to the claim. The most likely is "The King James I Proclamation of 1625," but James issued many proclamations, so there ...


27

The word "many" here, being part of the OP's question title, is important, and the relative numbers as reported by DavePHD in his answer already addresses this part of the question. As to the whole statement, I would argue that, with "many" being understood as a relative word, the ACLU's statement is "a fair assessment of the historical records." The core ...


21

For the US, we have pretty detailed record keeping of how many slaves were imported, but for North Africa we do not. The number of African slaves imported to the US is about 300,000, only a fraction of the approximately 12.5 million that were brought to the Americas in total. As for the number of white slaves brought to North Africa, it depends on whose ...


20

There is surprisingly little information about this available. The information that does exist is almost entirely based on different interpretations of the 1860 census (except of course for the claims that do not name any sources). This seems to be the more relevant claim from Goad: At the peak of black slavery in the South, only 6 percent of Southern ...


20

Yes, almost certainly. There is ample documentation that many of the workers in cocoa factories in Cote D'Ivoire are trafficked, which essentially means forced to labour against their will. Wikipedia has the basic facts: In 2002, Côte d'Ivoire had 12,000 children with no relatives nearby, which suggested they were trafficked, likely from neighboring Mali,...


20

Whether the following qualifies slavery as the "principal" cause of the Civil War is a matter of some subjectivity, but we can determine that slavery was the primary reason for the South's secession. In his book The creation of Confederate nationalism: ideology and identity in the Civil War South, historian Drew Gilpin Faust explains: leaders of the ...


16

Was it cheaper to starve a slave to death and to replace him than it was to provide him with food? It depends on what you mean with "starve". Starve has two meanings according to Merriam-Webster: 1a : to perish from lack of food - b : to suffer extreme hunger Definition #1 If we were to take the first definition, the claim would come down to: A slave was ...


15

Yes, the quoted claims are largely correct. Some of the Constitutional powers mentioned were less slavery-focused than the quote suggests, but they certainly could be used in the ways the quote describes. Article One, section 9 of the Constitution deals with the admission of people into the states: The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the ...


14

I thought the quote above was pretty damning too, until I read the context around it. In the letter the quote was taken from was defending himself from charges brought against him, and directly before and after that quote he was criticising the colonists who had come with that only wanted to take what they could get from the land and leave...I'll quote some....


14

In the 1856 abolitionist speech before the House of Representatives Modern "democracy", the Ally of Slavery by Mason Weare Tappan it is stated that there are 347,525 slave holders in the United States, out of 6,222,318 white people in the 15 slave-holding states plus DC. Specific numbers are given for each state and DC. It is stated following the data ...


13

Here's a more authoritative source: During the pre-Revolutionary years, Washington's views toward slavery were [as far as the record reveals] conventional, reflecting those of a typical Virginia planter of his time. He undoubtedly shared the "engrained sense of racial superiority" so common among white Virginians and did not emotionally identify with ...


11

Dwight Lowell Dumond's Antislavery 1 is available at archive.org. The quote about 100 million is on the first page of chapter 7 and does not give a reference for that figure. SlaveVoyages, a database that is the result of years of international research, has statistics and specific information on individual ships involved in the transatlantic slave trade ...


9

Trigger warnings: Detailed depiction of sexual assault, trafficking, and related. It depends on what you mean by "well", and it depends on a wide different number of factors - Paid by whom, to whom? The actual yen range was so wide it's hard to depict an "average" without being insensitive to the trauma endured. It's like asking how well-paid the average ...


9

Obama is probably descended from a black slave - but from his white mother. From the Wikipedia article Family of Barack Obama: News sources reported in July 2012 that according to Ancestry.com, through research in a combination of historical documents and yDNA analysis, John Punch, the first documented African slave in the American British colonies, has ...


9

The stated reason the name Jenkins was chosen is because: ... the choice for a new name is Jenkins, which we think evokes the same sort of English butler feel as Hudson. No official recognition of a slave by the name Jenkins is made. Any further claim that the true/hidden reason has to do with a slave would be a question of motivation, and therefore off-...


9

I don't know if there is a verse in the Bible which states that slavery is good - or bad, for that matter. However, there are many verses that treat slavery as a normal, and explain how slaves should be treated. It should be kept in mind that slaves were treated in different ways by different societies and at different times. For example, in may societies, ...


8

Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3 reads, emphasis mine, Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding ...


7

No. Wang Mang, an Emperor of the Xin Dynasty, abolished slavery in the year 9CE. (It was reinstated, but that's not the question.) (via Wikipedia referencing Hallet, Nicole. "China and Antislavery". Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition, Vol. 1, p. 154 – 156. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007. ISBN 0-313-33143-X.)


7

Your starting point is the 17th century slave trade, but your actual question appears to be more general - was this ever true for slavery? In that case we have to say definitely yes. In WWII, prisoners of war were used fairly extensively as slave labour by both Germany and Japan - and a key feature of prisoners of war is that they cost nothing to acquire. ...


7

Overall, I would say that we still don't know for sure, but the general consensus of the experts seems to be that the labor force that built the pyramids were not free wage workers in the modern sense, but there is no evidence to suggest they were chattel slaves to any significant extent. Here is a nice short article, "Who built the pyramids" from ...


6

In the bold portion above, the ACLU claims that "convict leasing" was done immediately after the civil war, was used to target and enslave black Americans, and was prevalent. Is this a fair assessment of the historical records? First off, I'm not sure how to quantify "prevalent." Did it happen? Yes. Here are some details for two states, ...


5

TLDR: The Christian Bible never says slavery is good but it doesn't explicitly forbid it. The commandments concerning slavery define minimum working conditions for slaves which makes them very close to what we would call employees, at least for Hebrew males. Biblical slavery is very different from slavery as it was known in the 19th century. For example: ...


4

Are these women in Libya Probably not in Libya. are they for sale in a market, and are they for sale as slaves? Maybe. The oldest version (June 26, 2018) I can find with reverse image search yields an ivory coast paper that claims women are sold by a network of Ivorians trafficked by women based in Abidjan and sold by Kuwaitis to Kuwaiti families with ...


4

The fact that the Republican party was formed by elements of several parties (Northern Democrats, and Whigs and the Free Soil Party) who were most opposed to slavery is probably well know. However the OP/quoted claim also says that: The Democrats were the pro-slavery party in the North AND the South. This is pretty debatable in the year 1860 since the ...


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