TL;DR : No, even if one chooses to interpret the excerpt of the Qur'an as such, the maths don't hold up
I am going to base this answer on your second source, as the calculation there is reduced to the minimum which makes it a lot easier to show its flaws. This is an answer on the mathematical aspect of the problem, not covering the interpretation of the ...
The original Arabic seems to be from Surah 54,1 Al-Qamar:
The Hour has come near, and the moon has split [in two].
__Translation into English from Quran.com
What that sentence alone might mean is of course up for debate, but the claim seems to explicitly refer to using the quote as is, albeit and in all likelihood in a German version; not the meaning ...
No; during the life of Muhammad, there was no single text, as it was more about understanding the message than how it was told:
This page cites hadiths that mention seven different ways of teaching:
The Seven Ahruf (modes of recitation) are part of Islamic doctrine and
a Muslim MUST ACCEPT IT...
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 513: ...
Are Muslims allowed to deceive non-muslims through a practice called Taqiyya?
In Islam, taqiyya تقية (alternative spellings taqiyeh, taqiya, taqiyah, tuqyah) is a form of religious dissimulation, or a legal dispensation whereby a believing individual can deny his faith or commit otherwise illegal or blasphemous acts while they are in fear ...
To answer your question, "Is there a place in the world where two oceans meet and they don't mix?" No, the water mixes it just isn't instantaneous. Saline, temperature differences, and pollutants can cause them to appear as if they don't mix for a period of time, especially if there aren't strong currents.
According to Ken Bruland, a professor of ocean ...
Indeed, one can verify that the number of verses counted excluding the first one are exactly 1389. You can verify this using any online quran.
Also, the year 1389 in islamic calendar happens to be the year 1969. This can be verified using any online converter
However, this is merely a coincidence:
1) There is no clear evidence that the chapters of Quran ...
According to Wife Battery in Islam: Comprehensive Understanding of Interpretations Violence Against Women Volume 13 Number 5 May 2007 pages 516-526.
It is possible to classify the understanding of the Qur’anic verse 34 of Al Nisa
chapter on wife beating into four schools of interpretations.
The first is an interpretation
that sees wife beating ...
The challenge was that the victory will be 3 to 9 years later. The word in English "soon" doesn't have this meaning but in Arabic it does
This is a fact that is approved by Arabic linguistics.
(I don't think in English there is one word that means "from 3 to 9").
The victory of the Romans happened nine years later in the issus battle:
The are many translations of the verse, but that is not a reasonable one. Instead:
They wish you would disbelieve as they disbelieved so you would be alike. So do not take from among them allies until they emigrate for the cause of Allah. But if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them and take not from among them any ally or ...
The question explicitly stated "geocentric frame", so all answers using "sidereal" measurements of months, days, and years for this question are pointless.
Using synodic measurements:
A "month" would be the time for a complete phase change, which averages to 29.53059 days. (Orbit of the Moon - Wikipedia)
The mean distance ...