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263

The gist of it is true Health Care System in Japan "100% of Japanese people have their healthcare regardless of income" This is partially true. All are mandated to have coverage, but that coverage is not 100%, and not all have the mandated coverage. The health care system in Japan provides healthcare services, including screening examinations, ...


77

Yes. That is: They can cause hearing loss. They are properly classified as ototoxic agents. Paracetamol/Acetaminophen is certainly not entirely harmless. In fact it is properly classified as an ototoxic drug. An effect observed for quite some time. According to the individual studies: This is more pronounced when using it in each of these cases: higher ...


21

The referenced study is likely "Analgesic Use and the Risk of Hearing Loss in Women" in the American Journal of Epidemiology. The conclusion states In conclusion, this prospective study showed that use of ibuprofen or acetaminophen 2 or more days per week is associated with an increased risk of hearing loss in women and that the magnitude of the risk ...


17

Anyone with $345 can make ice with holes in it with this Portable Commercial Ice Maker Under Counter Built-in Ice Maker Machine with Freezer (and this isn't even the cheapest one out there by a long shot). This appliance doesn't seem to have a filter (because none is advertised). Whether the ice is safe to have depends on whether or not what you pour in is ...


16

Statistics in the UK are presented separately for England and Wales, and other regions. Salmonella infections in particular are covered here. The latest published statistics are from 2016 and say that (page 11) there were zero deaths from "Foodborne outbreaks of non-typhoidal Salmonella in England and Wales in 2016". From The CDC website, CDC estimates ...


11

Avery gave you a list of "yeses" by moving the goal posts to an issue of organics vs non-organic modern agriculture. Here's a peer-review no to the actual question of historical decline: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2016.11.012 It's a study by an employee of Canada's Bureau of Nutritional Sciences Mineral nutrient composition of vegetables, fruits ...


11

I tried to follow the trail, but was unsuccessful. In 1994, an (not peer-reviewed) letter by was published in the British Medical Journal by G Winstanley (representing an organisation that represents a number of UK drinks producers). It claimed: In 1979 a special committee of the Royal College of Psychiatrists stated that the absolute upper weekly limit ...


11

Summary In short: minimal protein intake requirements are unknown to this level of precision. But if high-protein is equated with animal-protein, then no, animal-protein is not really needed. Animal protein is of excellent quality and high bio-availibity, and is not undesirable in the right amounts. To maintain adequate protein in a diet, diets which ...


10

I genuinely thought this was unanswerable, because of the weirdness of linking surveillance culture to Ritalin, until I read the attempted answer by Daniel Hicks, where he has trouble finding any information about overprescription of Ritalin in the 1970s. I was convinced that such information is somewhere buried on the Internet, so here's what I found: A ...


9

No. But for the simple reason that the UK in 1979 did not have a country wide guideline. Yes, in the sense that in 1979 one such guideline was proposed. From that starting point the trend for a constant lowering of these values was to be observed. Most strikingly, individual benefit for any of these guidelines seem to have been a target value of near zero ...


8

Unsupervised sports (including weight training/bodybuilding) can lead to injuries which can affect growth. That said, supervised weight training does not stunt growth (Malina, 2006). In fact, even high intensity workouts do not negatively affect growth if done under proper supervision (Ratel, 2011).


6

I'm having trouble finding comparable data for the UK, but some preliminary fact-checking on the US side suggest that the numbers quoted above are exaggerated. Annually, 14.7% (48m) of the US population suffer from [a food-bourne] illness The CDC's estimates of food-borne illness cases per year are presented with a wide margin of error. The primary ...


6

If anything, some studies suggest that the present measurement methods underestimate the effects: A reanalysis of the data by Willis et al, restricted to people who live closer to the monitor, reported a doubling of the estimate slope per unit exposure, suggesting substantial downward bias by classical measurement error. The OP argues below that ...


4

According to The Healthcare Costs of Obesity, copyright Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: •Obese adults spend 42 percent more on direct healthcare costs than adults who are a healthy weight. [reference 5] •Per capita healthcare costs for severely or morbidly obese adults (BMI >40) are 81 percent higher than for healthy weight adults.[reference 6] ...


4

There is a discussion of this on Reddit: I'm not sure that 5% should be recommended as a minimum, since studies show that people experience muscle mass loss at this level of intake. 10% is more reliable, 15% is even better. This report recommends 10-15%: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/releases/2003/pr20/en/ Protein recommended daily intake is ...


3

TL;DR The ratio of ADHD to non-ADHD college graduation rates is approximately true according to the cited source. The generalization from source to claim may not be accurate. The Medscape article references a study it refers to as the "Milwaukee Young Adult Study" for the claim. In this early longitudinal study, 239 children (158 hyperactive1 and 81 control)...


2

Browsing the article it's unclear, but I get a hint that, at one point, Ritalin was being "prescribed" by school districts in New Mexico, and this is the practice that was ended. And the ACLU involvement was rather incidental. But, as I said, it’s unclear — I could not find a reference that spells it out very well. However, the Wikipedia article on Ritalin ...


2

There is nothing inherently damaging about weight training that would stunt the growth of a young person. The basis of the claim was from the idea that the still active/open growth plates at the end of bones would be damaged by injury, preventing further growth. Indeed, injuries to the growth plates can stunt growth. Dr. Rob Raponi, a naturopathic ...


2

The massive decline in plant compounds is attested by many studies, but I take it that your concern is whether this is linked to problems in human nutrition. The current answer is that there is not enough research on this subject. Reeve, J. R., et al. "Organic farming, soil health, and food quality: considering possible links." Advances in Agronomy 137 (...


2

tl;dr No direct evidence, yet. For causation, and correlational, observational studies. All are too often based on animal studies. But these preliminary and circumstantial evidence point largely to smaller sizes being one quite plausible outcome. Perfluorinated compound are a large group of man-made chemicals. While it seems quite necessary to look at ...


2

TLDR: Partialy correct. The epidemiological have large margins of errors. However measuring PM 2.5 more directly wouldnt really improve the results since the uncertanity of the exact composition of the PM 2.5 results in large margins of errors anyway. So, first of all, are there studies on the health effects of particulate matter? Sure, lets take a look at ...


2

Q What is the truth? That would be nice to know, indeed. But the way this problem is formulated it is way too complex to be answered definitively with simple 'yes' or 'no'. On the one hand, it's a really simple equation of input/output. If the substrate, fertilizer and water are lacking minerals, then the plants will be lacking them as well, as they ...


1

The question about soil depletion with time has been covered in other answers. Currently, in some areas, soil mineral depletion is associated with lower amounts of minerals in plants and with iodine, zinc and selenium deficiency in humans (Annals of Botany, 2010, sow-wu.nl Centre for World Food Studies, 2006). Except in the areas with known mineral ...


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