72

The table provided is directly copied from page 173 of The Wisdom of Psychopaths. It explains the source is The Great British Psychopath Study, where self-selected people submit their own Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, and categorise themselves according to a list of a hundred or so occupations. The occupations listed notably do not include "...


58

"Smell" is a sense that is said to be more directly tied to emotional processing in the brain than other senses. But all interpretations of sensory information is subject to subjectivity. And smell is a sense that is easily and quickly dulled. Live in the stink and you get used to it, quickly. That makes it this a No. Smell is not objectively measurable as ...


24

YES That seems not only very plausible. There is very little reason to doubt. The actual, concrete picture may be just illustrative, manipulated, misattributed or the exact kindergarten picture untraceable on the net for authenticity. But why should it? The underlying concept and the actual use of this kind of tool in a preschool/kindergarten setting may ...


23

There's an interesting recent paper by Spencer and Bryne (2016), which may shed some light on this, but also raises more questions. It seems that at least in a "typical" corporate structure, there is more psychopathy at the top level... but this seems to have no real impact on the employees' job satisfaction. Finally, there was a huge bias towards men in the ...


18

Inconclusive. The first instance of the image being on the internet was an anonymous Reddit post from 27 September 2018 that offered no proof of it being legitimate. The photo and Reddit link that @Gerrit posted was from a post from /r/ShitAmericansSay. This is not the first appearance of this photo on the internet. I tracked down what appears to be the ...


12

It looks as if there is one important distinction not to be overlooked, slightly different from the claim that came from a headline. The cited study asked for: What would turn out to be the U.K.’s most psychopathic profession? That means: which tested persons had the most psychopathological traits. That is slightly different from "profession with the ...


10

I am not a psychologist, and I cannot judge the methods of this article. I decided to take this claim seriously after I applied the following litmus tests. Did the scientists claim what the article says they claimed? In the journal article, Eyebrows cue grandiose narcissism, Giacomin and Rule make claims that basically match those from the Psychology ...


9

There are a number of studies that show the questioned effect that recruiters tend to rate those job seekers higher, which are more similar to themselves. In this article Rivera finds that recruiters favor applicants who are culturally similar to themselves: [...] evaluators constructed and assessed merit in their own image, believing that ...


7

This is a 1972 television interview of Skinner https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=5ir5znnr4Ok There are other audio and video recordings of Skinner on YouTube going back to at least 1962. The earliest example I see of Skinner being cited for the quote is the Lebanon [Pennsylvania] Daily News 7 May 1976: Barbara Mark, daughter of Mrs. Catharine Mark, 743 ...


7

A version of this claim is present on Wikipedia: Experiments have shown rats will forgo food to the point of starvation in order to work for brain stimulation or intravenous cocaine when both food and stimulation are offered concurrently for a limited time each day. Notice "Experiments" plural. The sources apparently are: Routtenberg & Lindy (...


7

No independent peer review has this tested. The circumstantial evidence for this is good but leads to expectations that indicates a limited applicability and a temporary, small effect. This is not a Nuremberg funnel. The font was developed by people at a university at RMIT’s Behavioural Business Lab. And the psychological base theory for this is called ...


5

TLDR summary: the high-school science summary of thirst regulation (by salt) is correct, but it's quite incomplete as a thirst regulation mechanism in general. In (recent) animal research, faster pathways have been identified, e.g. eating promotes thirst proportional to eating time, well before any salt-induced osmotic changes can affect thirst. Since the ...


5

The advantage of effort-praising and the "Growth Mindset" over achievement-praising and the "fixed mindset" is largely based on about 30 years of work by Carol Dweck and colleagues. ... children given praise such as "good job, you're very smart" are much more likely to develop a fixed mindset, whereas if given compliments like "good job, you worked ...


4

It didn't take me long to find a 2017 study to the contrary of the main effect... actually they found a weak one moderated by neuroticism, and so they pulled out the moral-panic yellow card (quoting from their discussion section): In the realm of video games, there is a warning sign that the scientific community is involved in creating the moral panic ...


4

There are significant numbers of studies that back up this claim, and associate childhood sexual abuse with sex work. Specifically studies show that the rate of childhood sexual abuse among prostitutes is > 50%. For example Associations between childhood maltreatment and sex work in a cohort of drug-using youth (Social Science & Medicine Volume 65, ...


4

This just a small addition, mainly addressing the "due to pornography" part: As already pointed out in other Skeptics answer: porn itself is not associated as causative to negative outcomes in sexual health. (Nicole Prause: "Viewing Sexual Stimuli Associated with Greater Sexual Responsiveness, Not Erectile Dysfunction", Sexual Medicine, 2015;3:90–98.) ...


3

This review article was the most authoritative one I could find. As is typical with medical subjects, it turns out to be complicated. There is evidence that more young men are reporting erectile dysfunction (ED), and pornography seems to be a part of the situation. The paper presented three case studies and references a fourth. In three the problem went away ...


2

Plenty of well-conceived research has been performed on objective happiness, which has given rise to interesting studies related to your question. These articles support the popular claim that more happiness can be derived from experiential purchases than material purchases: "To Do or to Have? That Is the Question" (Journal of Personality and Social ...


2

I doubt there is any such research, and I think explanations involving nerves routed directly to the hippocampus should be taken with a grain of salt at best. If you Google "index finger nerves hippocampus" you are directed to articles about carpal tunnel syndrome, which mention that nerves from the thumb, index, and middle fingers all feed the median nerve, ...


2

Starve maybe, die of thirst almost certainly. You are correct, the experiments they are referring to are the series of experiments by James Olds and Peter Milner in the 1950's 60's and 70's that first discovered the pleasure center in The brain and indeed quite possibly the pioneering experiments in behavioral neuroscience. In specifically this ...


2

The actions of scammers may never come to light, so it may be impossible to find hard evidence that scammers are using Facebook's and Twitter's powerful tools in this way. But it would not make sense for scammers not to use these powerful tools. According to this article: ...a sucker list... has the names and contact information of people who either ...


2

Basically, yes, there's a correlation. Keeping in mind Oddthinking's comment on the value of such non-random samples, this is where most of the correlational data comes from, e.g.: A history of childhood cruelty to animals and contemporary patterns of chronic interpersonal aggression has been documented in assaultive incarcerated offenders, ...


1

As I noted in my comments, there are two substantive questions in your question body, so I'll mainly address the one you repeated in the title of your question... whether there's a difference between confidence (defined as domain-specific) and self-esteem. Let me start by emphasising that (as one may guess from my previous paragraph) the terminology is not ...


1

Here is an article with a summary and links to various research into student learning attention factors while learning. https://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/30-tricks-for-capturing-students-attention/ Not quite the same as how long to study for - but relevant. If the objective is to improve learning outcomes, there are several things that can ...


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