72

The table provided is directly copied from page 173 of The Wisdom of Psychopaths. It explains the source is The Great British Psychopath Study, where self-selected people submit their own Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, and categorise themselves according to a list of a hundred or so occupations. The occupations listed notably do not include "...


47

In addition to the two versions of the claim in the question, the claim is repeated here by Andrew Solomon. I could not find other instances of the claim online. The article seems to have been presented at the NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) Alliance for Research Progress Meeting. I was particularly taken by a study in which a group of ...


30

YES That seems not only very plausible. There is very little reason to doubt. The actual, concrete picture may be just illustrative, manipulated, misattributed or the exact kindergarten picture untraceable on the net for authenticity. But why should it? The underlying concept and the actual use of this kind of tool in a preschool/kindergarten setting may ...


23

There's an interesting recent paper by Spencer and Bryne (2016), which may shed some light on this, but also raises more questions. It seems that at least in a "typical" corporate structure, there is more psychopathy at the top level... but this seems to have no real impact on the employees' job satisfaction. Finally, there was a huge bias towards men in the ...


20

Inconclusive. The first instance of the image being on the internet was an anonymous Reddit post from 27 September 2018 that offered no proof of it being legitimate. The photo and Reddit link that @Gerrit posted was from a post from a subreddit called /r/ShitAmericansSay. This is not the first appearance of this photo on the internet. I tracked down what ...


13

TL;DR RSPH did not claim 63% of Instagram users are 'miserable'. The Economist claimed an "activity-tracking app" collected data that showed 63% of Instagram users are "sad with the amount of time they spend on each app." It is incorrect to say 63% of Instagram users are "miserable". Both links in the question cite a Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) ...


12

It looks as if there is one important distinction not to be overlooked, slightly different from the claim that came from a headline. The cited study asked for: What would turn out to be the U.K.’s most psychopathic profession? That means: which tested persons had the most psychopathological traits. That is slightly different from "profession with the ...


11

No independent peer review has this tested. The circumstantial evidence for this is good but leads to expectations that indicates a limited applicability and a temporary, small effect. This is not a Nuremberg funnel. The font was developed by people at a university at RMIT’s Behavioural Business Lab. And the psychological base theory for this is called ...


9

It does not seem so. The link at the bottom of the article points to this article by Schmidt, Fox, Perez-Edgar and Hamer. My (non-expert) reading of this is that baby fussiness is largely genetically determined, but that certain environmental factors also play significant roles. We found evidence of a gene-endoenvironment interaction in predicting two ...


9

There are a number of studies that show the questioned effect that recruiters tend to rate those job seekers higher, which are more similar to themselves. In this article Rivera finds that recruiters favor applicants who are culturally similar to themselves: [...] evaluators constructed and assessed merit in their own image, believing that ...


7

A version of this claim is present on Wikipedia: Experiments have shown rats will forgo food to the point of starvation in order to work for brain stimulation or intravenous cocaine when both food and stimulation are offered concurrently for a limited time each day. Notice "Experiments" plural. The sources apparently are: Routtenberg & Lindy (...


5

TLDR summary: the high-school science summary of thirst regulation (by salt) is correct, but it's quite incomplete as a thirst regulation mechanism in general. In (recent) animal research, faster pathways have been identified, e.g. eating promotes thirst proportional to eating time, well before any salt-induced osmotic changes can affect thirst. Since the ...


4

Starve maybe, die of thirst almost certainly. You are correct, the experiments they are referring to are the series of experiments by James Olds and Peter Milner in the 1950's 60's and 70's that first discovered the pleasure center in The brain and indeed quite possibly the pioneering experiments in behavioral neuroscience. In specifically this ...


3

There are significant numbers of studies that back up this claim, and associate childhood sexual abuse with sex work. Specifically studies show that the rate of childhood sexual abuse among prostitutes is > 50%. For example Associations between childhood maltreatment and sex work in a cohort of drug-using youth (Social Science & Medicine Volume 65, ...


2

The actions of scammers may never come to light, so it may be impossible to find hard evidence that scammers are using Facebook's and Twitter's powerful tools in this way. But it would not make sense for scammers not to use these powerful tools. According to this article: ...a sucker list... has the names and contact information of people who either ...


2

I doubt there is any such research, and I think explanations involving nerves routed directly to the hippocampus should be taken with a grain of salt at best. If you Google "index finger nerves hippocampus" you are directed to articles about carpal tunnel syndrome, which mention that nerves from the thumb, index, and middle fingers all feed the median nerve, ...


1

Here is an article with a summary and links to various research into student learning attention factors while learning. https://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/30-tricks-for-capturing-students-attention/ Not quite the same as how long to study for - but relevant. If the objective is to improve learning outcomes, there are several things that can ...


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