THE claim "Bullies are looking for attention. Ignore them and the bullying will stop" is considered to be a myth since research shows that bullies are looking for control, and they rarely stop if their behavior is ignored. The level of bullying usually increases if the bullying is not addressed by adults since researchers in 2010 showed that recourse to "...
Is there any additional evidence that this claim is true? Does this
meta review actually support this claim adequately?
Apparently the answers are "No" and "No":
As per Wikipedia's by-country list of depression in "Epidemiology of depression":
Rank Country DALY rate
1 United States 1,454.74
127 Russia 856.718
So; while Russia's rate is indeed, only officially 60% that of USA, it's incorrect to say that Russians don't get depressed.
So, can you do a lab test for a mental disorder, and if not, what mitigating factors should be taken into account?
A mental disorder typically manifests as a behavioural or mood disorder.
See the Diagnosis of schizophrenia, for example: there isn't what you'd call a "lab test" to detect disorganized speech, disorganized behaviour, blunted affect, etc. -- ...
It seems that people with depression are more likely to commit murder.
In this study, Homicide is strongly correlated to depression and not to mania, the authors concluded:
Typical manic episodes could be the cause of penal infractions, usually benign. In contrast, forensic studies show a close relationship between depression, suicide and homicide. ...
Sources: Top 200 Pharmaceutical Sales 2009 - U.S. Sales and Prescription Information 2009
About a year ago, patients began trooping into the office of UCLA
psychiatrist Andrew Leuchter, asking whether an antipsychotic drug
called Abilify "might be right for them." Few appeared to be
delusional, plagued by ...
While it likely depends on definitions of mental disorder and the diagnostic procedure (especially on the eve of a new edition of the DSM), this number is not too high. It is too low.
R.V. Bijl á A. Ravelli á G. van Zessen, Prevalence of psychiatric disorder in the general population:
results of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey
and Incidence Study (...
Here's a list of things to do to manage stress:
Decrease or Discontinue Caffeine
Time-outs and Leisure
Notice how many of these the hard-working students are NOT doing?
High stress is associated with ...
The claim is not supported by the research the article is based on
The linked article says "Russians Don't Get Depressed", but they base that on a study which says nothing of the sort. The actual study focusses on the effects of what they call "self-reflection", not on depression itself:
In Study 1, self-reflection was associated with fewer depressive ...
Apparently not, as the following evidence shows, quoting from various doctors.
This is Doctor Richard Ferber: he states it is not the best option, but no damage occurs:
Cry-it-out stance: "Going 'cold turkey'—putting your child in the crib at bedtime, letting him cry, and not returning until morning—is far from ideal," writes Dr. Ferber. "[But] allowing ...
The question asks "Is there any scientific basis for concluding that "crying it out" or the Ferber method are harmful to a child?"
The answer is: Yes, there is some scientific basis, but that the results are controversial, and there are (or have been) some gaps.
In the question, there is a reference to an article in PhD in Parenting which argues against ...
Researchers are driven by their research interest. As in any occupation, fraudsters exist. However, the types of fraud involving grants are, to my knowledge, in the paperwork domain. For example, researchers may grant people outside a research project money, for example, a spouse who is not entitled to the funding.
For example: This Swedish article from ...
It's important to realize, here, that the study you linked does not claim mifepristone is effective for the treatment of depression. It provides some evidence for the treatment of psychosis in psychotic depression, which is a very particular type of depression that involves, among other things, a high level of cortisol.
Mifepristone is a glucocorticoid ...
NO.There has been no research which points to over sleeping leading to brain disorders.
Conversely, certain brain disorders
can cause oversleeping.
Oversleeping has been shown to cause diabetics, obesity and other health problems but not any serious brain disorders.
The claim that long sleeps and after noon naps may lead to Alzheimer's disease could ...
Yes (almost), in 2009 302 US active duty military deaths were due to suicide, and on the same year 149 US soldiers were killed in Iraq.
According to a study of war-related deaths published by the Congressional Research Service in there were a total of 1515 active duty military deaths, of them 302 were self inflicted and 346 were as a result of hostile ...
Yes and no. Usually the "chemical imbalance" is the consumer-oriented version of the serotonin hypothesis for depression. The most practiced method of testing this experimentally (and practically the only one available for live humans) is acute tryptophan depletion (ATD); tryptophan is a precursor for serotonin. It's been experimentally verified via PET ...
The daily mail article faithfully summarizes the results of this scientific article.
Risks of all‐cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta‐review
A meta‐review, or review of systematic reviews, was conducted to explore the risks of all‐cause and suicide mortality in major mental disorders. ... All disorders had an increased risk of all‐...
Yes, some psychiatric disorders are curable.
I was chatting to a research psychologist once about treatability of mental disorders. She told me specific phobias are easily treated with a high success rate with a single session with a therapist.
Here is one example study that looked at arachnophobes, and agrees that a single session with a therapist is ...
Yes, light therapy does appear to be an effective treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder.
A study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry compared light therapy to fluoxetine (an SSRI antidepressant) in a double-blind trial. Each participant was given either a dim placebo light and the fluoxetine or a placebo pill and the actual (bright) therapy ...
Such studies actually exist. The Skepdic entry for Full moon and lunar effects gives a full list of things that have been studied, but in particular there was insufficient evidence to support that the following correlate with a full moon (that means that such a correlation doesn’t exist):
psychiatric admissions [one study found admissions were lowest during ...
Increasing off-label use of antipsychotic medications in the United States, 1995–2008, Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 177–184, February 2011
Antipsychotic use increased from 6.2 million (M) treatment visits (95%
CI, 5.4–7.0) in 1995 to 16.7 M visits (15.5–18.2) in 2006, then
declined to 14.3 M visits (13.0–15.6) by 2008....
Several sources claim that a person's apparent eye color can change (primarily and perhaps only in lightness or darkness) as the result of mood changes, illness, or stress level. Your quoted article doesn't give any details about the reported eye color changes in patients diagnosed with MPD, so it's hard to know if they may be referring only to such a ...
In the comments, Tim helpfully links the original study (pdf).
Are these numbers accurate?
I went quickly through it and the answer is not quite.
Did the study find a [...] difference based off of race?
According to the paper, yes when considering callbacks.
No when considering overall chances of getting any appointment. (there is no difference ...
Upon further investigation, I'd rank this as quite plausible because the 2013 book
The Making of DSM-III: A Diagnostic Manual's Conquest of American Psychiatry, sorta confirms it, although it might have happened quite a bit earlier than the drafting of the DSM-III:
when the analysts opened the St. Louis Psychoanalytic Institute, [Samuel] Guze remembered, "...
This particular claim does seem to be supported by the study: rumination is more common among Russians but it is not indicative of depression (unlike rumination in Americans).
However, the framing of the paper presented in the article is misleading. The study has nothing to do with actual rates of depression, which, as mentioned by @CPerkins, might be ...
Answer: It's rarely as simple as that.
You suggest picking a couple of diseases.
Well, we have already seen that the story for Autism is far more complicated than just measuring diagnoses per 1000 people.
I figured epilepsy would be a good example of a mental disorder with fairly well-defined symptoms.
Sander JW., The epidemiology of epilepsy revisited., ...
Since, as someone mentioned, "harming" is hard to measure and the rest of the thread here seems to be geared towards anecdotal evidence, I want to share this site in general.
The content is mixed. Some is referenced. Some is anecdotal. Some is pure inspirational.
In my experience, when ...
Evidence of brain shrinkage:
Quoted from Dr. Joanna Moncrieff, a Senior Lecturer in psychiatry at University College London and a practising consultant psychiatrist, since she did the research:
In 2011, researchers, led by the former editor of the American Journal of Psychiatry, Nancy Andreasen, [...] found a strong correlation between the level of ...
This question has remained unanswered yet not closed, so I'll give it a go.
First of all, a clarification regarding the title. If phobias are genetic, by definition they can't be created in a generation and inherited. The term epigenetic is the one that might have led to this confusion, so I'll start by defining it.
Epigenetics is the ...
Well, drowsiness and sleepiness are common side effects according to the Mayo Clinic (not surprising considering it is a type of benzodiazepine or minor tranquilizer), but that doesn't mean it isn't addictive. The paper Relative abuse liability of lorazepam and diazepam: an
evaluation in ‘recreational’ drug users concluded that lorazepam has addiction ...