101

If Homer talks about the dark-wine sea, it seems he also talks about the "blue eyebrows of Poseidon". You can read here about Homer's colorful descriptions that helped orators remember the verses of his poems. κυανό is known to be "blue" for ancient greeks and became "cyan" in english. In this book about Homer writing, κυανό entry represents "smalt, blue ...


90

The first claim is based on the research of Berlin and Kay "Basic Color Terms", which posits the hypothesis that languages evolve colour terms in the following order, and therefore that ancient languages did not possess separate terms for blue and green: Stage I: Dark-cool and light-warm Stage II: Red Stage III: Either green or yellow Stage IV: Both green ...


87

A summary of recent evidence suggests: In children with initial low calcium intake, an increase in milk/dairy intake is associated with an increase in bone density. In adults, milk/dairy consumption is not or only weakly associated with lower risk of bone fractures. Basic explanation: 90% of peak bone mineral density (the amount of calcium and phosphorus ...


71

What do we mean by weaker, or by stronger? "Women really are stronger than men, according to study" Is the title of a BBC article which says A recent academic study has shown that under extreme conditions such as famines, epidemics and enslavement, women are able to survive for longer than men. Across modern populations, women outlive men in ...


65

Yes, that's Andre's hand. This image was part of the cover spread for a biographical article "To the Giant among us" in Sports Illustrated in 1981. The full cover spread includes regular-sized hands pouring a beer for comparison: The full article text for To The Giant Among Us is available on sports illustrated's vault.


61

See Genital Anatomy in Pregnant Adolescents: “Normal” Does Not Mean “Nothing Happened” Pediatrics, January 2004, volume 113, pages e67-e69. METHODS The purpose of this study was to summarize the medical history and genital examination findings in 36 adolescents who were pregnant at the time of, or shortly before, their sexual abuse examination. The ...


60

No, this is not true. Not even for just India, as Indian cobra (Naja naja) has round pupils and subcaudal (tail) scales are divided. There is also no pit visible. It is venomous species of snake. This answer assumes, that author means venomous snakes instead of poisonous, as this is common mistake. Also, Wikipedia should have enough credibility for this ...


58

In short, we can assume that they do. There are two layers to this problem: whether crustaceans experience stimuli which could correspond to pain if those stimuli are effectively pain The second question is really hard to answer, and I would say, fundamentally philosophical. When does rubbing become scratching? So please bear in mind that I would find ...


58

"Smell" is a sense that is said to be more directly tied to emotional processing in the brain than other senses. But all interpretations of sensory information is subject to subjectivity. And smell is a sense that is easily and quickly dulled. Live in the stink and you get used to it, quickly. That makes it this a No. Smell is not objectively measurable as ...


56

No. Here are excerpts from an article written for Psychology Today The Rare Truth About "Tight" and "Loose" Women Post published by Michael Castleman M.A. on Sep 16, 2011 in All About Sex Many women complain that their vaginas are "too tight" or "too loose," and many men raise the issue about lovers. Notions of vaginal tightness and ...


52

A “newton” is the international unit of force. A human adult’s maximum biting force ranges from 520-1,178 newtons depending on factors such as age and gender. It requires less than 200 newtons to bite through a raw carrot. This is well within the normal limits of the average person. Biting through a finger requires so much force that attempts often lead to ...


50

People have used chess as a model for studying stress responses and therefore have done a detailed metabolic analysis. The key data is in table 1 (p. 347); here it is, reformatted and converted to Calories/hr: Energy expended (Cal/hr) Before Beginning Middle End ------------------------ ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Mean ...


50

Yes, we are taller in the morning. From The transformation of spinal curvature into spinal deformity (2005): The effects of gravity on the upright human posture are powerful: Individuals are as much as 25 mm taller in the morning than in the evening (1)(2), as a result of compressive forces bearing down all day, And astronauts 'grow' by nearly ...


45

Here is one clue. Visit the IAAF's page of athletic records and compare the men's and women's, category by category. No woman on record has cracked the 10 second barrier for 100 meters. No woman on record has yet cracked the four minute mile. Male high school students regularly beat the female world record mile run time of just under 4:13. 4 American male ...


40

No. An "undigested protein stuck in our tissues and cells" implies that somehow untouched proteins (polymer chains made of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds) get through the process of digestion unscathed and are absorbed into the bloodstream. This doesn't happen, and someone would have to have some very serious problems with their entire ...


40

I remember learning the tongue map in school, but it's a myth. From The New York Times: In a study published in the journal Nature in 2006, a team of scientists reported that receptors for the basic tastes are found in distinct cells, and that these cells are not localized but spread throughout the tongue. That said, other studies suggest ...


40

I am not sure where these numbers come from and the answer depends on how you encode the genome data and if you define all the redundancy (unnecessary, repetitive data) as "information". First of all, the humane genome contains somewhere around 3.1 (men) to 3.2 (women) billion base pairs. Since the X chromosome is three times longer than the Y chromosome, ...


33

tl;dr: Yes, there is a point at which recovery is not possible without significant medical intervention. Death by starvation is not simply a matter of running out of energy to sustain life, so cannot be treated simply by providing additional energy. Various bodily systems are damaged during the process of starvation and may remain impaired afterward. ...


32

Data Estimated number of eukaryotic (human) cells in the human body: 1.0×1014 —Wolfram Alpha The haploid human genome (23 chromosomes) is estimated to be about 3.2 billion base pairs long. —Human Genome – Wikipedia The full DNA content of a cell is therefore 6.4 Gbp. Average base pair size: one bp corresponds to approximately 3....


31

Yes. David Blaine was recognized by Guiness as setting the world record for static apnea with O₂ in 2008. He held that record for several months. Blaine set the record on the Oprah Winfrey Show; a video of the last few minutes can be found on the show's site. One can hold one's breath for much longer if one breathes pure oxygen prior to the apnea. The ...


31

Ancient Hebrew has the word תכלת for blue (or more specifically, azure), as attested to in the Bible: Numbers 15:38: Speak to the children of Israel and you shall say to them that they shall make for themselves fringes on the corners of their garments, throughout their generations, and they shall affix a thread of sky blue [wool] on the fringe of each ...


31

This story is sourced to Tyler Blake, professor CSU Northridge. The story is printed in Advances in Human-computer Interaction (1995) at page 94, and the reference for the story is given as Blake, T. (1985). Introduction to Principles and Techniques for Interface Design Tutorial Notes for CHI'85 tutorial. This corresponds to a tutorial by Tyler Blake ...


30

No, horses run faster and longer. When comparing marathon and endurance riding we get the following numbers : Human : 42,195km in 2:03:38, average speed of 20,5km/h (world record at 2011 Berlin Marathon) Human : 160km in 11:28:03, average speed of 14km/h (100miles ultramarathon world record) Horse : 160km in 6:21:12, average speed of 25,2 km/h (world ...


30

No, you do not drink water before you feel thirsty. Source - Mythbusting sports and exercise products, British Medical Journal Bottom line: drinking ahead of thirst General public—Drinking ahead of thirst may worsen performance in endurance exercise and carries a rare but serious risk of hyponatraemia. The body’s internal mechanism for staying ...


30

I have done some research on the drug. I find the drug extremely scary. The video in the question was of fairly low quality when it came to science, for shock value it was high quality though. Digital Journal That may be why in more recent years, the U.S. State Department issued a warning telling travelers to beware of "criminals in Colombia using ...


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