Hot answers tagged

129

The infographic is false. Shell does not receive $2 Billion in subsidies a year. They do receive tax breaks, but not for "no real reason". The $2 Billion claim in the infographic seems to be either a misrepresentation or a misreading of values found on some websites online. An approximate value of $2 Billion for Royal Dutch Shell has been ...


118

Because there is no associated study, peer-reviewed or otherwise, it is difficult to prove a negative. That said, extraordinary claims (a particular frequency of sound makes oil disappear) require extraordinary evidence, which is not presented. Other details of the article make it reasonably certain that this is nonsense. Nancy Hutchinson (formerly Nancy ...


43

There have been a number of case-control studies on Chinese women. Here are three open-access papers: Ko et al. (2000). "Chinese Food Cooking and Lung Cancer in Women Nonsmokers". Amer. J. Epidemiology 151(2) pp. 140–147. The subjects were 131 nonsmoking incident cases with newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed primary carcinoma of the lung, 252 ...


33

The number in your claim appears to come from a 2014 report by a "subsidy tracking group" called Good Jobs First, quoted in an article in "cheatsheet.com" about corporate welfare recipients. They said: Shell received $2.04 billion across 79 subsidies But they did not say "per year". It seems to be a total. Something crucial to keep in mind when you ...


30

It is important to note that what Dr. Robert Naman "certified" is just the concentration of oil and grease in each of the two samples provided. He did not in any way "certify" the relationship between those samples and the experiment. Without any evidence of how and when those samples were taken, it does not prove anything regarding the ...


16

At some point in time other liquids besides oil began being added to crude oil output by the reporting agencies. These are primarily natural gas liquids, and can also be ethanol and maybe a few other liquified gases. Surprisingly, they also include the amount that input volumes increase during refinery processing, known as refinery processing gains. If ...


15

I can't fully answer the title question but I will address part of the quote that it's based on in your post. I'm not going to attack the whole statement but I will include some counter examples to part of it. completely bypassing white suburbs and golf courses. From a quick search here's an example of a pipeline through a golf course. These sites, ...


13

No, not every single, 'big' pipeline passes through Native American lands. There are a lot of pipelines and they are arranged in a huge network, some terminating at both ends having never passed through Native American lands. First, the claim is a bit weaselly. What is a 'big' pipeline? They don't define it. The US Department of Transportation (DOT) ...


10

Summary Yes, the issue of Peak Oil remains an imminent concern. I look at the evidence for this, and discuss why the mainstream is unconcerned. Scenarios Oil is ultimately a finite resource that depletes with usage, and production must necessarily peak at some point. There are three potential scenarios for Peak Oil: A peak occurs due to physical resource ...


9

There is paper "Development of oil formation theories and their importance for peak oil" (2010) - http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:338107/FULLTEXT01.pdf about oil origins and their relations for finite oil supply. Abiotic petroleum formation theories are largely irrelevant to the debate about peak oil, unless it is assumed that the most extreme ...


6

This is as close as you can get from science: Abstract of review paper from 20 years ago To summarize it: low-frequency acoustic waves can displace oil and other substances trapped in the pores of porous media (sandstones and so on). This is a promising technique to increase production from oil fields, especially at the end of their life, near depletion. So, ...


6

To followup a comment to RedGrittyBrick's question: I'd +1 this answer if you were to include figures on whether a typical human swimmer could provide that additional force (could an Olympic gold-medallist?). Per RedGrittyBrick's reference data the density of crude oil varies from 0.79 to 0.97. The second-highest density of all the oils listed is 0.915. ...


6

There are close to 17.4 million Flexible Fuel Vehicles on US roads. All gasoline vehicles in use in the U.S. today can accept gasoline blended with up to 10 percent ethanol (sometimes called gasohol). Flexible Fuel Vehicles (VVFs) are cars and trucks that can use any level of ethanol up to 85 percent. They're built with special fuel system components ...


6

Effects of coconut oil on oral health: A 2016 study showed coconut oil pulling to be a safe and effective alternative to Chlorhexidine mouthwash since there was a significant reduction in Streptococcus mutans count. Conclusion: Oil pulling can be explored as a safe and effective alternative to Chlorhexidine. Clinical significance: Edible oil-pulling ...


4

So, according to the Washington Post version of the story (also behind a pay wall), it's not clear exactly how large the spill is. However, recent analysis has shown that the Coast Guard National Response Center estimate of 1-55 barrels per day (a barrel is 42 gallons) is wrong and the actual estimate is closer to 300 to 700 barrels per day. (The company ...


4

I haven't found a study that specifically mentions chefs, but here is a study about Chinese women and lung cancer: Fumes from meat cooking and lung cancer risk in Chinese women Chinese women are recognized to have a high incidence of lung cancer despite a low smoking prevalence. Several studies have implicated domestic exposure to cooking fumes as a ...


3

Intake of repeatedly heated olive oil was noted to produce harmful effects on endothelial function in normal young healthy volunteers. Long-term intake of diet comprising reheated vegetable oil leads to endothelial dysfunction. Repeatedly heated dietary vegetable oil promotes oxidative stress, resulting in NO inactivation and reduced bioavailability. ...


3

This questions asks several questions about Peak Oil. Wikipedia defines Peak Oil as the point in time when the maximum rate of extraction of petroleum is reached, after which the rate of production is expected to enter terminal decline The title of the question is more specific and asks whether Peak Oil will/did occur in 2013. History tells us the ...


2

In summary, there is no direct evidence of harm from consumption of mustard oil in humans. However, there is some evidence from observational studies about the association (not necessary a cause-effect relation) between high consumption of erucic acid (otherwise found in mustard oil) and higher incidence of congestive heart failure. Erucic acid is a common ...


2

Two further points Smoke from burning solid fuel is known to cause lung cancer, so many studies in the developing world are looking at smoke exposure from fires (1). There is a little bit of toxicology data (2) for mineral oils suggesting that occupational exposure to pure oils might not be harmful, but it is also well known that heated oils can contain ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible