Hot answers tagged

96

What the writings by Sullins say Invisible Victims: Delayed Onset Depression among Adults with Same-Sex Parents is available online: Retrospective questions at Waves III and IV asked about adult mistreatment during childhood, including whether a parent or caregiver had “slapped, hit or kicked you,” said “things that hurt your feelings or made you feel ...


64

A 2011 literature review looked at the problem as it related to one particular condition: Difficulties in diagnosing pulmonary embolism in the obese patient: A literature review. They conclude that there is a problem - not only are many CT scanners unable to handle morbidly obese patients (although this is improving), there are no guidelines for when this ...


47

No, this is not quite true. The factoid is based on a real, peer-reviewed scientific study, that is relatively new. Probability of an Obese Person Attaining Normal Body Weight: Cohort Study Using Electronic Health Records, American Journal of Public Health, September 2015, Vol 105, No. 9, doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302773 They based their evidence on looking ...


29

No doubt it is a disease in medical sense of the word. It has a code on WHO's ICD-10 (The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision) ICD-10 E66.0 Obesity due to excess calories Common definitions of disease: "A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism." (Dorland's Medical ...


26

This has to be one of the most pathetic attempts to earn money I can imagine - ignoring all of the evidence and actually recommending smoking? That is bat!@#$ crazy. Comparing the Risks Let's look at the mortality rates. (I've limited myself to just the evidence in the UK, because that is where this <expletive> lives.) 70-75 thousand people in the UK ...


17

The World Factbook is a reference publication by the United State's Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook is prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency for the use of US Government officials, and the style, format, coverage, and content are designed to meet their specific requirements. Information is provided by Antarctic Information Program (...


14

Question: "Does the evidence support a strong causal relationship between (specifically) fructose consumption and obesity?" My answer: NO. Consideration 1: This question has arisen because of "simultaneous" increase of use of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and obesity in the United States. Consideration 2: There has been some debate if fructose increases ...


13

Summary: Based on current research, there is evidence from several studies that higher tax on drinks with high sugar content might reduce sugar consumption. However, researchers feel that the levied sugar taxes might only reduce the average sugar consumption globally by a small amount. But Jack Winkler, emeritus professor of nutrition policy at London ...


12

No, the dubious privilege goes to the small island of Nauru where around 80% of the population are obese (as of 1994). Obesity in Nauru is a major health concern for the nation. According to Forbes, Nauru is the world's fattest country with 94.5 % of the inhabitants at an unhealthy weight. The obesity rate is roughly 80%. Due to little arable land, much ...


12

Yes, there are studies where monosodium glutamate (MSG) is used to induce obesity in rodents, but using this fact as an anti-MSG argument is very questionable. Example of papers using rodent models of MSG-induced obesity The induction of obesity in rodents by means of monosodium glutamate. - Bunyan et al., Br J Nutr. 1976 or The monosodium glutamate (...


11

tl;dr, No. The effect is real and many lines of inquiry for the underlying causality have been proposed since the initial claim from the question. Since the causes and effects of both obesity and social webs are so complex, no definitive model of causality has been established since. The central claim holds up very well. As an observation. The ...


10

There is anecdotal evidence to support the notion that some obese patients might have been referred to a zoo. Here is a recent NY Times article that explores the standard of care obese patients are receiving. From the article: When an obese patient cannot fit in a scanner, doctors may just give up. Some use X-rays to scan, hoping for the best. Others ...


9

All fats do not have the same effect on the body when ingested even though they possess a similar chemical structure. All fats have a similar chemical structure: a chain of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms. What makes one fat different from another is the length and shape of the carbon chain and the number of hydrogen atoms connected to the carbon ...


8

Obesity is influenced by several factors such as behavioral traits, social-environment and genetics and one of the social microenvironmental influences on obesity promoting behaviors is social eating. Socially derived inhibitory norms can account for either increased or decreased intake in the presence of others, depending on how much the others eat and ...


7

Diet soda refers to a calorie-free carbonated beverage sweetened by artificial sweeteners. The current evidence does not provide a proof that diet soda causes weight gain, but the main points are: Overweight individuals may drink diet soda to prevent further weight gain, but they still gain weight because they do not decrease calorie intake from foods, ...


7

Diet soda intake is associated with long-term increases in waist circumference in a biethnic cohort of older adults is the journal article they're citing. The article you quoted is slightly incorrect in that the increase in waist circumference is what triples. Adjusted for initial WC, demographic characteristics, physical activity, diabetes mellitus, and ...


7

The answer to this question was published in the original article: The study, The weight of nations: An estimation of adult human biomass, is to be published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health. Here is that study: Sarah C Walpole, David Prieto-Merino, Phil Edwards, John Cleland, Gretchen Stevens and Ian Roberts, The weight of nations: an ...


6

As stated by Vartec, obesity technically classes as a disease no matter what causes it. It CAN (doesn't have to) also be caused (thus be a symptom of) other diseases like Hypothyroidism, possibly in combination with other factors. Another one that can have obesity as a symptom is Cushing's. Certain medicines can also slow down the metabolism, or lead to ...


5

The USA is currently the fattest developed country in the world. It is possible that when people talk about the US being the fattest country, they are referring only to developed countries. In which case the US currently comes in first place. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development recently released a report that puts The USA as the most ...


5

It looks like for young people (20's) both height and adiposity hover around .80. But as people get older genetic factors become less important for adiposity but remain somewhat stable (around .80) for height. A Twin Study of Human Obesity http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=359582 Height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were assessed in ...


4

According to The Healthcare Costs of Obesity, copyright Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: •Obese adults spend 42 percent more on direct healthcare costs than adults who are a healthy weight. [reference 5] •Per capita healthcare costs for severely or morbidly obese adults (BMI >40) are 81 percent higher than for healthy weight adults.[reference 6] ...


4

You have to be very careful reading studies as shown - many of them conflate the nuclear family with everything other than the nuclear family, including single parents, and make the conclusion that the nuclear family is the only way forward. Outlined very well in Slate. There is a link in that article that I can't add to The New Republic outlining these ...


4

A 2007 study published in the journal Clinical Nutrition compared measurements obtained from a Tanita body-fat scale and DEXA scanning (which has replaced hydrostatic weighing as the most accurate way of measuring body-fat percentage). It reported a better than 96 percent level of agreement between the two methods (Thomson et al. 2007). Source: "Racing ...


4

Yes. As long as the diet soda is still a sweetened beverage containing artificial (ie non-caloric) sweetener, then they do help make people fat. Regardless of age. That is, as a tendency: eat more. And this is really old news. Artificial sweeteners are for a long time now used to fattened pigs and cattle. The research there is now just how to optimise its ...


3

In 2003 a review of the risks of body piercing was produced by a European Commission Joint Research Centre. Risks and Health Effects from Tattoos, Body Piercing and Related Practices While they reviewed the literature, and list a number of health risks involved with body-piercings, there is no mention of fat, obesity or weight-gain. I conclude this is "...


3

My answer can only come from my experience working as a graduate student in a university wheat breeding program. Gliadin is a storage protein1 in the wheat kernel and 1980s research has shown that certain forms of this protein lead to better baking quality, but more recent research shows that it may be more complicated 2. In our program we did not ...


1

This article basically says that you need to be careful when you quit smoking not to allow yourself to gain weight. However there is nothing that says that you can lose weight by smoking. In fact: University of Kansas researchers found in a 2006 study that heavy smokers tend to exercise less, eat in front of the television more often and frequent ...


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