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I can't comment specifically on ducks, but I will quote the Official Statement on Bread from the Queen's Swan Marker (who has responsibility for swans in the UK): There has been a great deal of press coverage in recent months regarding the ‘Ban the Bread’ campaign which is confusing many members of the public who like to feed swans. Supporters of the ...


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The English abstract of Zur Frage der Aminosäureisomerisierung im Mikrowellenfeld Ergebnisse eines Modellversuches mit Standardlösungen [The question of amino acid isomerization in a microwave field Results of experiments with standard solutions] Zeitschrift für Ernährungswissenschaft September 1992, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 219–224 is: Aqueous standard-...


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A summary of recent evidence suggests: In children with initial low calcium intake, an increase in milk/dairy intake is associated with an increase in bone density. In adults, milk/dairy consumption is not or only weakly associated with lower risk of bone fractures. Basic explanation: 90% of peak bone mineral density (the amount of calcium and phosphorus ...


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To address the feeding of ducks: Ducks Unlimited Canada has this to say: I’VE HEARD THAT FEEDING DUCKS BREAD IS BAD. WHAT SHOULD I FEED THEM? DUC does not recommend feeding ducks. It increases the chances of negative human/wildlife encounters and can make them dependent on people for food. The Canadian Wildlife Federation has a similar ...


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Doctor Potato says you should be eating the skin of the potato because that’s where most of the nutrients come from. Should I Be Eating The Skin Of The Potato? ... Yes. Eat the skin to capture all the natural nutrition of a russet potato. The potato skin has more nutrients than the interior of the potato. It has lots of fiber, about half of a ...


65

tl;dr- I haven't been able to actual evidence of the claim that consuming bread causes angel wing in ducks, and an expert claims that there isn't any. Apparently the main claim against feeding ducks bread is that it gives them angel wing. However, I'm not immediately finding any evidence for this on Google; most results appear to be unreferenced political ...


63

According to their website, Skippy brand peanut butter does not contain trans fat. Strictly speaking, according to their website, Skippy brand peanut butter contains a negligible amount of trans fat. Per the US FDA, The Nutrition Facts Label can state 0 g of trans fat if the food product contains less than 0.5 g of trans fat per serving. Thus, if a ...


55

No. She talks about basal metabolic rate. And the body uses every source of fuel to fulfil this necessity. This includes carbohydrates. They are used for this and they are even the preferred source of energy for that. Ketosis states are only achieved if supply of carbohydrates are too low to meet these requirements. This looks quite like a simple reversal ...


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Q: Does the Idaho Potato Commission associate potato skins with healthy eating? Yes. The Idaho Potato Commission does this now. In several postings they are responsible for they this: Kids Menus - Healthful Tips Fries are always a kid’s favorite. One suggestion that keeps these on the menu but makes them healthier is to cut the potato portion costs ...


25

The problem of undigested bread Bread may be bad for ducks, but not necessarily for the reasons stated The claim in the question concerns whether bread directly causes diseases for ducks and swans. This claim has been addressed by other answers. However, there are other, indirect effects to consider, regarding the wider effects on the pond ecosystem (...


19

Menthol is an organic compound found in the oils of mints (source). One of its effects is triggering the TRPM8 receptor (source and source). This has been widely studied and is well-accepted. The TRPM8 receptor is also activated by cold temperatures (source). Thus, the same receptor that senses cold can perceive mint as well. The section of the tweet about "...


18

Just by looking at the first sentence in Wikipedia it says Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. She says Carbohydrates are of no use to the body whatsoever for the basal metabolic need. Carbohydrates provide energy. Which in my opinion is a contradiction to the definition of the ...


17

According to Sathe N, Andrews JC, McPheeters ML, et al. Nutritional and Dietary Interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics. 2017;139(6):e20170346: People do use try to use diet as part of treatment ... many families, if not a majority of families, pursue dietary and nutritional approaches as components of treatment. (...


14

No, there is no evidence to support this claim, because she is claiming to have cured a cancer that was never diagnosed. Via Dr David Goski's Respectful Insolence blog: For example, Ann Cameron claims to have cured herself of stage IV colon cancer with carrot juice. She had stage III colon cancer, underwent surgery, and refused chemotherapy. Later, she ...


13

I note that the label says "Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil" not "Partially Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil". If the oil has been fully hydrogenated it no longer contains trans fats, by definition. Unfortunately you can't know whether an oil has been fully or partially hydrogenated when the label omits those qualifiers. It seems highly likely to me that the ...


12

Question: Can anything be more hydrating than plain water? Short answer: Yes, fluids that contain certain amount of sugars and sodium can be more hydrating than plain water, which can be beneficial in prevention or treatment of dehydration during prolonged endurance exercise (Nutrition & Metabolism, 2009). In everyday life, when you are not dehydrated ...


12

Not food, but microwave-vs.-conventional heating is a branch of chemistry: Comparison of Conventional and Microwave-assisted Synthesis of Benzotriazole Derivatives. So the basic idea that different reactions happen is obviously true when cooking food: It tastes different, the crust (if there) feels different, etc. You specifically miss most Maillard ...


11

Summary The evidence about the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in vegans comes mainly from this review of studies in EJCN, 2015: The results differed widely (2.4-78%) among studies, but 45% of vegans in average were B12 deficient, based on low blood B12 levels. More than 85% of vegans who were not taking B12 supplements were B12 deficient, based on ...


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Avery gave you a list of "yeses" by moving the goal posts to an issue of organics vs non-organic modern agriculture. Here's a peer-review no to the actual question of historical decline: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2016.11.012 It's a study by an employee of Canada's Bureau of Nutritional Sciences Mineral nutrient composition of vegetables, fruits ...


11

Summary In short: minimal protein intake requirements are unknown to this level of precision. But if high-protein is equated with animal-protein, then no, animal-protein is not really needed. Animal protein is of excellent quality and high bio-availibity, and is not undesirable in the right amounts. To maintain adequate protein in a diet, diets which ...


10

It is NOT TRUE that "most humans are hosts to these parasitic worms called Ascaris lumbricoides (Roundworms)." Ascariasis (CDC.gov, 2018): An estimated 807 million–1.2 billion people in the world are infected with Ascaris lumbricoides...Ascariasis is now uncommon in the United States. There is NO EVIDENCE that "water fasting is by far, one of the ...


9

Fruit juice and certain bakery products contain a little bit of alcohol. This study found that the type of orange juice they tested contains 0.77 g/L of alcohol, roughly 0.06% ABV. This study tested a variety of orange juices and found .0075%-.09% ABV. This is less than a fifth of the amount claimed in the question.


9

Please suggest improvements for the answer in the comments. From the Smithsonian article cited in the question: But to keep [British radar] under wraps, according to Stolarczyk’s research pulled from the files of the Imperial War Museum, the Mass Observation Archive, and the UK National Archives, the Ministry provided another reason for their success: ...


8

It's difficult to find either primary research or reviews in this area whose authors haven't received grants from companies that make such sport drinks or more medically oriented rehydration solutions. Taking the 2007 Position Stand of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) to "as good as it gets" in terms of existing reviews in this area, their ...


8

The claim quoted from the video is an over-simplification of a complex question. If I understand the following correctly, the article you provide by Cassidy et al. directly acknowledges that even increasing the availability of calories to feed 1 billion people, purely by shifting currently produced human-edible crops away from animal or industrial use, is ...


8

The claims, like "meat, dairy, and eggs trigger an inflammatory reaction inside the body" arise from the studies in which they observed increased blood levels of "inflammatory markers," like C-reactive protein (CRP), in individuals on different diets. For example, in one study Dietary Red and Processed Meat Intake and Markers of Adiposity and Inflammation (J ...


8

Gluten-free diet and depression in individuals with NON-CELIAC GLUTEN SENSITIVITY Non-celiac gluten sensitivity refers to intestinal and other symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. The article from the question mentions few studies in which gluten-free diet was associated with less depression in ...


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Diet soda refers to a calorie-free carbonated beverage sweetened by artificial sweeteners. The current evidence does not provide a proof that diet soda causes weight gain, but the main points are: Overweight individuals may drink diet soda to prevent further weight gain, but they still gain weight because they do not decrease calorie intake from foods, ...


7

In short: Exclusive breastfeeding, when possible, is the most suitable form of feeding for all healthy infants, including the vegan ones, up to 6 months of age (Vegan Society, World Health Organization). "Breastfeeding keeps mother and baby close. Physical contact is important to newborns. It helps them feel more secure, warm, and comforted. Mothers also ...


7

According to Free amino acid concentrations in milk: Effects of microwave versus conventional heating Amino Acids (1998) 15: 385 concentrations of glutamate and glycine increased more after water bath heating at 90°C (325 +/- 4 and 101 +/- 1 micromol/ L, respectively) than after microwave heating (312 +/- 4 and 95 + 1/micromol/L, respectively, p &...


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