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The English abstract of Zur Frage der Aminosäureisomerisierung im Mikrowellenfeld Ergebnisse eines Modellversuches mit Standardlösungen [The question of amino acid isomerization in a microwave field Results of experiments with standard solutions] Zeitschrift für Ernährungswissenschaft September 1992, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 219–224 is: Aqueous standard-...


88

A summary of recent evidence suggests: In children with initial low calcium intake, an increase in milk/dairy intake is associated with an increase in bone density. In adults, milk/dairy consumption is not or only weakly associated with lower risk of bone fractures. Basic explanation: 90% of peak bone mineral density (the amount of calcium and phosphorus ...


15

No, there is no evidence to support this claim, because she is claiming to have cured a cancer that was never diagnosed. Via Dr David Goski's Respectful Insolence blog: For example, Ann Cameron claims to have cured herself of stage IV colon cancer with carrot juice. She had stage III colon cancer, underwent surgery, and refused chemotherapy. Later, she ...


13

In short: Exclusive breastfeeding, when possible, is the most suitable form of feeding for all healthy infants, including the vegan ones, up to 6 months of age (Vegan Society, World Health Organization). "Breastfeeding keeps mother and baby close. Physical contact is important to newborns. It helps them feel more secure, warm, and comforted. Mothers also ...


12

Question: Can anything be more hydrating than plain water? Short answer: Yes, fluids that contain certain amount of sugars and sodium can be more hydrating than plain water, which can be beneficial in prevention or treatment of dehydration during prolonged endurance exercise (Nutrition & Metabolism, 2009). In everyday life, when you are not dehydrated ...


12

Not food, but microwave-vs.-conventional heating is a branch of chemistry: Comparison of Conventional and Microwave-assisted Synthesis of Benzotriazole Derivatives. So the basic idea that different reactions happen is obviously true when cooking food: It tastes different, the crust (if there) feels different, etc. You specifically miss most Maillard ...


12

Summary There is some evidence that high consumption of plant foods can be associated with better health but not necessary with increased life expectancy, as observed in studies in vegetarians (Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.). Comparison of plant food intake and life expectancy by country makes no sense without considering other factors, such as genetics, medical ...


11

Summary The evidence about the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in vegans comes mainly from this review of studies in EJCN, 2015: The results differed widely (2.4-78%) among studies, but 45% of vegans in average were B12 deficient, based on low blood B12 levels. More than 85% of vegans who were not taking B12 supplements were B12 deficient, based on ...


9

I've been served pomegranate seeds by our canteen contractor on a regular basis, as a "special extra" on burgers... They are definitely edible (and high in fiber!). They contain anthocyanins, which contribute to their color (also contained in black currant, raspberries, cherries etc.), but are — despite the "cyan" in there — harmless.


8

The claim quoted from the video is an over-simplification of a complex question. If I understand the following correctly, the article you provide by Cassidy et al. directly acknowledges that even increasing the availability of calories to feed 1 billion people, purely by shifting currently produced human-edible crops away from animal or industrial use, is ...


8

It is currently not known if arsenic is essential for humans, but it might be required for the metabolism of the amino acid methionine: A toxic brew we cannot live without. Micronutrients give insights into the interplay between geochemistry and evolutionary biology (EMBO Reports, 2008) Even arsenic, the poison of choice for many fictional murderers, ...


8

The claims, like "meat, dairy, and eggs trigger an inflammatory reaction inside the body" arise from the studies in which they observed increased blood levels of "inflammatory markers," like C-reactive protein (CRP), in individuals on different diets. For example, in one study Dietary Red and Processed Meat Intake and Markers of Adiposity and Inflammation (J ...


8

Gluten-free diet and depression in individuals with NON-CELIAC GLUTEN SENSITIVITY Non-celiac gluten sensitivity refers to intestinal and other symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. The article from the question mentions few studies in which gluten-free diet was associated with less depression in ...


8

It's not completely clear from your question whether you want to know if obesity causes illnesses, or you want to know if diet causes illnesses even after controlling for obesity. I'm going to assume you are mainly concerned with whether obesity has a causal relationship to illnesses, or is just correlated with them. This question has been addressed by the ...


8

Cherries are known to contain compounds are toxic in high enough dosages. But that ingredient is unlikely to be what caused this man's hospitalization. Who is the source? B92.org is the website of a Serbian media outlet, that has been around since 1989. They are the largest media outlet in Serbia. I couldn't find any reports of motivation/bias, systemic or ...


7

In summary: The available evidence suggests: Drinking distilled water in usual amounts in everyday life, which includes regular meals, does not likely remove needed minerals from the human body in significant (harmful) amounts. Drinking large amounts of distilled water in a short time can result in water intoxication, but the danger is about the same as ...


7

Diet soda refers to a calorie-free carbonated beverage sweetened by artificial sweeteners. The current evidence does not provide a proof that diet soda causes weight gain, but the main points are: Overweight individuals may drink diet soda to prevent further weight gain, but they still gain weight because they do not decrease calorie intake from foods, ...


7

According to Free amino acid concentrations in milk: Effects of microwave versus conventional heating Amino Acids (1998) 15: 385 concentrations of glutamate and glycine increased more after water bath heating at 90°C (325 +/- 4 and 101 +/- 1 micromol/ L, respectively) than after microwave heating (312 +/- 4 and 95 + 1/micromol/L, respectively, p &...


7

As background, the Kraft letter in the OP has been truncated. The letter was from Ellen Schwarzbach of Kraft to a vegetarian group sometime prior to 1997 and continues after the portion quoted in the OP: A more recent development in this area has been the use of enzymes derived from the growth of pure cultures of certain molds. These are termed ...


6

According to the mentioned study review, when used instead of butter, sunflower oil was associated with greater reduction of total and LDL cholesterl than olive oil. No other blood parameters or health outcomes were compared. From the original paper (they included randomized trials lasting >3 weeks): Effects of oils and solid fats on blood lipids: a ...


6

Q. 1: Are the findings in the study accurately reflected in the article? In the study, as described on Food Research International: Human exposure assessment of fluoride from tea (Camellia sinensis L.): A UK based issue?, they measured the amounts of fluoride in various teas and then only commented (not investigated) their possible side effects as described ...


6

In recipes, "table salt", "sea salt", and "koshering salt" often refer to different sized and shaped crystals. There is no question that when sprinkled on food they have different tastes, but that is due to the size and texture. Once dissolved there is no detectable difference. It is possible to buy iodized fine-ground sea salt that is certified kosher. ...


5

Unknown. A 2019 meta-review The effects of plant-based diets on the body and the brain: a systematic review looks at the available evidence. The final sentence of the abstract is Still, putative effects of plant-based diets on brain health and cognitive functions as well as the underlying mechanisms remain largely unexplored and new studies need to ...


5

There is insufficient evidence to say that intake of fish oil supplements (high in omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA) reduce the risk of heart or other disease. 1) Omega-3 intake for cardiovascular disease (Cochrane, 2018): Moderate- and high-quality evidence suggests that increasing EPA and DHA has little or no effect on mortality or cardiovascular ...


5

Summary The estimation of prevalence of lactose intolerance may be too high because of: surveys in which they included individuals with self-diagnosed and not just officially diagnozed lactose intolerance false positive diagnostic tests (up to 20% according to American Family Physician) due to other problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome, sensitivity ...


4

In short: There is no evidence to claim that high intake of refined (or other) sugars impairs the digestion of proteins, but may stimulate inflammation via other mechanisms. The most commonly used refined (added) sugars (glucose or dextrose, fructose, HFCS, invert sugar, corn syrup) are monosaccharides, which do not need to be digested, so they do not ...


4

The Recommended Dietary Allowance for magnesium for adult males is 400 mg (Office of Dietary Supplements at NIH.gov). One cup of coffee has 10 mg of magnesium (USDA.gov), which does not really make it a good source. In some papers, they are claims like: ...Mg levels are decreased by excess ethanol, salt, phosphoric acid (sodas) and coffee intake...(...


4

In this answer, "diet soda" refers to any sugar-free version of the drinks known as soda. "In many parts of the U.S., soda is a sweet, fizzy drink (Vocabulary.com)." Is diet soda as bad for your teeth as regular soda? According to some experiemental studies, diet soda can be erosive to teeth, but seems to be less erosive than regular soda. An in vitro ...


4

There is some evidence that boron intake by food or supplements (3-6 mg/day) is associated with less symptoms in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Foods high in boron include avocado, lentils, red kidney beans, nuts, prunes and raisins (1-2 mg/serving). It is currently not clear if boron is an essential nutrient, since there is no agreement if ...


4

The NHS lists a number of causes of acne. All of them are systemic, so they will not affect one part of the face more than any other. The basic mechanism is: Acne is caused when tiny holes in the skin, known as hair follicles, become blocked. This is caused by the over-production of sebum, which is not affected by any of the organs listed.


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