36

The larger context of Birx's quote is:: There are other countries that if you had a preexisting condition and let's say the virus caused you to go to the ICU and then have a heart or kidney problem some countries are recording as a heart issue or a kidney issue and not a COVID-19 death. Right now we are still recording it and we will I mean the great thing ...


19

A quick Google search found a list of similar cases: Tipton, M. J., & Golden, F. S. C. (2011). A proposed decision-making guide for the search, rescue and resuscitation of submersion (head under) victims based on expert opinion. Resuscitation, 82(7), 819–824. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.02.021 This was published in 2011, so it seems implausible ...


19

See Provisional Death Counts for Coronavirus Disease which is a more-official but more delayed count of COVID-19 deaths by the US National Center for Health Statistics. Here, the standard is "Deaths with confirmed or presumed COVID-19, coded to ICD–10 code U07.1". There is also an explanation: When a death occurs, a certifier (e.g. physician, ...


17

There is actually a fairly standard statistical method of deriving event death numbers, when official sources aren't trusted: You check the total mortality during the event, and compare it to expected mortality for that period (based on historical data). This technique, sometimes called "mortality displacement", or "excess mortality", is a tool commonly used ...


15

Birx said that (CSPAN transcript timestamp 00:55:06), in the USA, if someone is hospitalised because of Covid-19 and dies in hospital from a pre-existing health condition - e.g. with the heart or kidney - it is recorded as a Covid-19 death. While some other countries would record the death was due to the heart or kidney problem, not Covid-19. Therefore ...


8

Partially true Yes, Hedviga Golik did exist, died in her apartment and was found decades later. According to the neighbours who found her, the woman was found in bed, in the "half-lit" room of her apartment. No TV-set has been mentioned in the news reports, such as those from Jutarnji , Nezavisne , Dalje and 24 Sata, all dated May 2008, few days after the ...


7

It's an effect that's been widely described and studied. A meta-study says: Prolonged survival under water Generally, drowning results in cardiopulmonary arrest within 2 min (Fainer et al. 1951). Quan et al. (2014) reported on the outcome of 1094 open water drownings; most (78%) had bad outcomes (74% death, 4% severe neurological sequelae), and of the good ...


6

It might not be possible to answer this question. The 1/3 value might be accurate, but it isn't, and can't be, precise. Psychology Today says: Among youth who identify as sexual minorities, the likelihood of death by suicide has been estimated to be two to seven times greater than the likelihood of death by suicide among heterosexual youth (Haas et al., ...


5

It would help to see the text of the interview, or at least a clear statement of the claim. Your phrasing "He claims that would have caused hundreds thousands of deaths (not clear, US or worldwide)." is ambiguous as to what "it" refers to, and you phrased it as a counterfactual (something that didn't happen), but if "it" refers to "The government taking ten ...


5

Another source claims that: It is believed that, in 525 B.C., 50,000 soldiers of a Persian Army perished in the Thar Desert in the face of a giant sandstorm, and their compelling remains were discovered by archaeologists only a few years ago in the Middle Eastern deserts. Even counting drowning in sand, the lost army of Persian King Cambyses II has ...


4

Another useful document has turned up in tansy's answer (this concerns NVSS death coding), but I think the most relevant part from it is: Will COVID-19 be the underlying cause? The underlying cause depends upon what and where conditions are reported on the death certificate. However, the rules for coding and selection of the underlying cause of death are ...


3

Yes, they do. Let me explain by quoting Q and A on death certificates published by the CDC on March 24 (it's a document from an official goverment site): What happens if the terms reported on the death certificate indicate uncertainty? If the death certificate reports terms such as “probable COVID-19” or “likely COVID-19,” these terms would be ...


3

The reference given is a bit vague. There is an organisation at the University of Washington called the IHME The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent population health research center at UW Medicine, part of the University of Washington, that provides rigorous and comparable measurement of the world's most important health ...


3

Hesitant to answer this given the preliminary nature of the knowledge, but there is one paper that proposed to use the Diamond Princess (since it's a "finished" natural experiment) as a proxy to calibrate the CFR (case fatality ratio) in other populations/countries. One needs to be careful to adjust for the different age-structure of populations/...


2

The precise question being asked here is not that clear to me, but here is a brief and accessible article from The Lancet a few weeks ago which outlined the challenges of calculating COVID-19s general CFR (Case Fatality Rate). It concludes: Although highly transmissible, the CFR of COVID-19 appears to be lower than that of SARS (9.5%) and Middle East ...


2

In the USA, a Covid19 death must be verified via testing or autopsy, which is standard for any death, before the NCHS adds the death to the official count. In the case of Covid19, there is a new death code of U07.2 which allows for a death to be temporarily coded as a possible Covid19 death. If the death is coded U07.2, that death IS NOT included in the ...


2

I've personally been recording tow operator deaths since the first one I discovered occurred in October 6, 1934. Since then, more than 945 tow operators worldwide have been killed in line-of-duty incidents regarding all kinds of reasons; vehicle accidents, crashed, overturned, ejected, struck as pedestrian workers, shootings, stabbings, choked to death, ...


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