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189

They are either bleached white or completely disintegrated. This NASA website repeats some expert speculation on the topic. For forty-odd years, the flags have been exposed to the full fury of the Moon’s environment – alternating 14 days of searing sunlight and 100° C heat with 14 days of numbing-cold -150° C darkness. But even more damaging is the ...


127

Yes. There was still a lawsuit pending due to Apollo 8 astronauts reading Genesis 1:1-10 for Christmas Eve 1968. So the Apollo 11 communion needed to be kept private. Reverend Dean Woodruff of Webster Presbyterian Church supplied the communion kit (bread, wine and cup). Aldrin read John 15:5 from a card: I am the vine, you are the branches; he ...


64

Yes, that's pretty close in at least one sense, though not for the entire trip. As noted here The Saturn V rocket’s first stage carries 203,400 gallons (770,000 liters) of kerosene fuel and 318,000 gallons (1.2 million liters) of liquid oxygen needed for combustion. At liftoff, the stage’s five F-1 rocket engines ignite and produce 7.5 million pounds of ...


48

Firstly, the Guardian is a reasonably serious newspaper. Not everyone is going to share its political opinions, and sometimes it will get the facts wrong but it would be surprising if it invented easily verifiable quotes or fabricated the story in its entirety. It quotes Aldrin's autobiography as saying: I would like to request a few moments of silence … ...


42

Like most things, it's impossible to conclusively prove a negative (i.e. that this didn't happen), but the supposed sources are pretty questionable and the lengths to which things would need to be changed to cover this up rule out any reasonable possibility of this being true. In reverse order: 4. NASA has lost original recordings of most Apollo 11 mission ...


30

People have stepped on the Moon when they went there and left footprints, so we've plenty of photographic evidence of their footsteps on the Moon. In fact, it turns out that people do leave footprint in dust, even if they weigh less, like a child leaves footprints on Earth while weighing as much as a man on the Moon. Pictures taken from the Moon itself The ...


23

Maimonidies (12th Century) puts it at 29.530594. His source is the Talmud (Bavli RH 25a) (~7th century quoting a rabbi from the 2nd century). (For the curious the precise number given is 29 days, 12 hours, and 793/1080 of an hour.) However, lunar cycles can be calculated pretty accurately even in ancient times by counting between total solar eclipses. ...


20

This image shows the Apollo 13 timeline, derived from the official log: . As you can see, they only course-corrected four times over the course of the 143-hour mission. The Apollo 11 mission had five scheduled course corrections, three of which were considered unnecessary by mission control when the window arrived. Of the two course corrections that ...


19

This slide from a University of Tennessee astronomy course discusses five "serious" theories of the moon's formation, and concludes: At present the fifth hypothesis, that the Moon was formed from a ring of matter ejected by collision of a large object with the Earth, is the favored hypothesis; however, the question is not completely settled and ...


18

Not directly, but there was an unusual tidal event in the preceding months that may have contributed to the unusual number of icebergs in the shipping lanes in Spring 1912. “Of course, the ultimate cause of the accident was that the ship struck an iceberg. The Titanic failed to slow down, even after having received several wireless messages warning of ...


17

As already stated by Frederico et. al. it's not the supermoon over Gdansk because the picture was already posted earlier. It's neither genuine because the line of sight (feel free to enable the 3d vision) in the pic is almost NNE to SSW and the moon never stands that low over Gdańsk looking in this direction - at least in the "summer three quarter". ...


13

Yes. From the National Park Service: The Lunar Landing Research Facility is in the West Area of the Langley Research Center. This facility was constructed in 1965 at a cost of $3.5 million and was used by the Apollo astronauts as a training simulator to study and practice piloting problems in the final phase of the lunar landing mission. The ...


12

Apart from the video which Mad Scientist referenced, there is a corresponding news article: Ex-astronaut escapes assault charge (BBC News Saturday, 21 September, 2002) Californian authorities have decided against prosecuting former astronaut Buzz Aldrin after he punched a documentary maker who claimed his moon missions were faked.


12

About this first element of your question Is this a photo of the supermoon over Gdańsk? We can easily answer with a clear NO, as the photo has been published before: http://trojmiasto.eska.pl/poznaj-miasto/trojmiasto-noca-a-gdyby-gdansk-wygladal-wlasnie-tak/50001 http://fotolajt.flog.pl/wpis/10794593/wieczorne-nabrzeze-motlawy-w-blasku-zacmienia-ksiezyca#...


11

This claim can be traced back to a work of original Muslim scholarship by Muhammad Hamidullah, in his book Muhammad Rasulullah (1979). It appears that he grabbed a manuscript description out of the India Office catalog, in order to back up a legend he was familiar with. The catalog description is: [Manuscript number] 2807 [...] IV Foll[ios] 81-104. [Qissat ...


11

Is this a genuine photo of the supermoon over Gdańsk? No, the photographer claims it is a photo of an eclipse over Gdansk It is almost certainly a composite image. The photographer's website has several photos of different places in Gdansk containing the same image of the moon. Motława waterfront The long market Original The link in the question shows ...


10

The measurement of the mean lunar month as 29 days, 12 hours, and 793/1080 of an hour is (in this notation) first found in Treatise on the Computation of the Chronology of the Jews and their Festivals by the Muslim astronomer al-Khwarizmi in the 9th century, then by the Muslim al-Biruni in the 10th/11th century, then by the Jewish scholar Bar Hiyya in the ...


9

From Apollo 11 Moon landing: conspiracy theories debunked The following reasons have all been offered as proof that the Moon landings which began with Apollo 11's touchdown on July 20 1969 were faked. ... 5) The footprints in the fine lunar dust, with no moisture or atmosphere or strong gravity, are unexpectedly well preserved, as if ...


8

In addition to @hadriens good answer (+1): (i) Many forms of rock appear to have a density of about 3g/cm^3 (see e.g. here), so a density of about 3.3 g/cm^3 certainly does not imply that the moon is hollow, it could simply be made of solid rock. I would suggest that the Earth is more dense because, unlike the moon, it has an iron core (iron has a density ...


8

Nobody knows what colors the flags are. Experts hypothesise that the color has faded by now due to prolonged exposure to intense UV radiation, but we have no direct or indirect evidence for that. We do have evidence that the flags of Apollo 12, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17 are still standing as inferred from shadows seen on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. ...


8

In the US, Moon-landing deniers were at: 6% in 1995, a Time/CNN poll, reported on by Gallup in 1999. 6% in 1999, a Gallup poll, also reported on by Gallup. 7% in 2013, a Public Policy Polling poll, (reported by LiveScience without technical details). This proportion seems steady along the years. In the UK, however, in 2009, Engineering & Technology ...


7

Indeed, one can verify that the number of verses counted excluding the first one are exactly 1389. You can verify this using any online quran. Also, the year 1389 in islamic calendar happens to be the year 1969. This can be verified using any online converter However, this is merely a coincidence: 1) There is no clear evidence that the chapters of Quran ...


6

Larian's answer suitably covers some logical issues with the claim, which is enough to perhaps comfort you in your skepticism, but it doesn't empirically answer the question for us. It seems the association of the moon with mushrooms is ancient. Some ancient knowledge is derived from observation, but most of it is steeped in superstition and religious/occult ...


5

there are several very good reasons to doubt the results in the study you quoted. First: It is a very small study. Only about 30 people took part, two nights per person. So the result was evaluated from only 64 datapoints. Even if the participants could not see the moon during the night, the author of the study himself says, he cannot be sure that they had ...


4

I traced the graph to this paper by Hsiang-Wen Hsu and Hsiang-Wen Hsua at University of Colorado Boulder. It was published in 2012 in American Journal of Physics. The paper is behind a paywall so I can not link to it, but I read it and it appears correct. The authors watched video from the Apollo Moon walks looking for certain frames in which dust was ...


4

put in place recently. This is untrue. Note, I am treating "put in place" as different from say "destroyed and replaced". It implies there was previously nothing similar in orbit about the Earth. Lunar drawing by astronomer Thomas Harriot, possibly the first recorded observation using a telescope, dated 26 July 1609. (c) Lord Egremont. ...


3

The idea that the lunar cycle has a direct effect on human physiology (apart from having slightly more light to see by, or planning fishing trips based on the tides) has had a long history. The concept is known as the Lunar Effect, and is maintained by confirmation bias and under-sampled studies testing against every conceivable effect that turn out to be ...


3

To first order, no, supermoons don't have measurable effects on earthquakes. They might have a very very small effect on small earthquakes. It isn't a ridiculous question. The strength of tidal forces is related to distance - tidal acceleration scales as roughly the inverse cube of distance. Wikipedia has the textbook derivation if you are curious. Phil ...


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