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346

The earliest mention I could find of this experiment was in the popular business/self-help book, Competing for the future by Gary Hamel and C. K. Prahalad (1996). Here is the quote from the book: 4 monkeys in a room. In the center of the room is a tall pole with a bunch of bananas suspended from the top. One of the four monkeys scampers up the pole and ...


187

TL;DR: It sounds like a similar monkey experiment did take place, and the results were similar to that presented in the picture, but if this is the same experiment, most of the details are wrong. The first google result for monkeys ladder experiment contains to the following information: Stephenson (1967) trained adult male and female rhesus monkeys to ...


30

It turns out that someone studied exactly this: Most people believe that they should avoid changing their answer when taking multiple-choice tests. Virtually all research on this topic, however, suggests that this strategy is ill-founded: most answer changes are from incorrect to correct, and people who change their answers usually improve their ...


16

No, definitely not to the degree that the Buzzfeed article implies. Those videos are from research by Jack Gallant at Berkeley, and are showing estimates of what a subject is currently watching in an fMRI scanner. Essentially they use a large amount of training data to build a model of the what visual features activate different brain locations, then try to ...


14

It can, but only if it's chronic jet-lag (i.e. You're a long haul flight attendant or pilot, or you make long haul trips regularly). A paper in Nature Neuroscience, Chronic 'jet lag' produces temporal lobe atrophy and spatial cognitive deficits, came to the following conclusion: Time-zone travelers encounter a pattern of light and darkness, and their ...


12

There were many reports claiming that people have memorized the entire bible. For example: 15 years ago, Baptist Press released an article reported that Nadine Hammonds, a blind woman, has memorized the New Testament Nadine says it took her about three years to get the memorization done. She had memorized Scripture all her life, so she did have a history ...


11

No independent peer review has this tested. The circumstantial evidence for this is good but leads to expectations that indicates a limited applicability and a temporary, small effect. This is not a Nuremberg funnel. The font was developed by people at a university at RMIT’s Behavioural Business Lab. And the psychological base theory for this is called ...


10

I had a brief look at the literature and found a few reasonably relevant papers. First, individual letters are more accurately recognised when written than when typed: Recent data support the idea that movements play a crucial role in letter representation and suggest that handwriting knowledge contributes to visual recognition of letters. If so, ...


9

While some studies have promoted Ginkgo Biloba as possibly having these effects, the results have been mixed at best, and the claims seem to be unlikely. WebMD says the following with regards to Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo improves blood flow to the brain and acts as an antioxidant. These effects may translate into some benefits for certain medical problems, ...


9

I had this question myself recently and searched for answers. Here's a quick summary of findings: Here's wikipedia's breakdown of occular nerve mapping. The most important distinction is voluntary vs involuntary. An example of the latter is "pupil dilation" -- difficult to control, subject to common stimuli. An example of the former is "direction of gaze." ...


9

How much memory capacity does a tree have? If you punch a hole into the tree the tree stores the information of that punch a long time into the future by keeping the hole. It doesn't really make sense to quantify the amount of information that the tree can store. Evolution didn't design humans to be good at recalling past events. It designed us to be good ...


8

See this article for more information on this. The study showed that memory is improved (irrespective of mood and arousal levels) when completing memory tasks with the smell of rosemary essential oils present. The study was completed by Dr Jemma McCready and Dr Mark Moss from the University of Northumbria, England and concludes that: The results showed ...


6

Current evidence: Non-dominant hand training activates the dormant motor control areas in the brain. The path from brain to dominant hand is well-traveled, she explains. But when a person starts using the non-dominant hand more than usual, the brain has to start activating areas that have remained comparatively dormant. Like an atrophied muscle, the ...


6

Stephen Wiltshire is considered as a savant by Dr. Darold Treffert and his drawings are described in detail here. The paintings by Stephen Wiltshire cannot be considered 100% accurate depictions of the information obtained from helicopter rides since observers such as the ones mentioned below have found constant changes done to the first initial sketch. Dr ...


5

In short, no, Ginkgo bilboa has no particular effect on memory. Ginkgo biloba is a unique species of tree with no close living relatives. The tree is widely cultivated and introduced, since an early period in human history, and has various uses as a food and traditional medicine. Source The U.S. based National Institute of Health conducted a vast ...


4

Short answer: Lots of research. Nothing of quality that supports vitamin supplements. The question is rather broad. Studies tend to focus on particular drugs/drug combinations and/or particular classes of patients with memory problems (e.g. elderly, dementia sufferers, multiple sclerosis sufferers, etc.) Let's go through a few drugs where there have been ...


4

At the beginning Bandler&Grinder proclaimed in The Structure of Magic that if a person access a visual memory they will always glance upwards. Today the NLP folks don't make that claim anymore. Nowadays arguing against the orginial claim is like arguing against outdated evolutionary evidence in South Korean textbooks. Instead the page you quoted says:...


3

TL;DR: Age-related cognitive decline begins early in adulthood and before age 60 in healthy educated adults. However these changes vary from individual from individual and is also dependent on various other factors such as childhood IQ, disease, genes, inflammation and diet/lifestyle. Within the range defined by ‘normal cognitive ageing’—i.e. in people ...


3

Cecil Adams, the syndicated columnist of "The Straight Dope", addressed this precise issue in this column (which sides with "Woodchip", more or less), that a closed-head injury is rarely so black and white that the person loses all past memory only, then miraculously regains past memory with another head blow. Can you get amnesia from a blow to the head?


2

I doubt there is any such research, and I think explanations involving nerves routed directly to the hippocampus should be taken with a grain of salt at best. If you Google "index finger nerves hippocampus" you are directed to articles about carpal tunnel syndrome, which mention that nerves from the thumb, index, and middle fingers all feed the median nerve, ...


2

Is this true/possible? Yes. An example of a dog with this talent is described at http://www.chaserthebordercollie.com/ Note that this dog has had expert training: JOHN W. PILLEY is an emeritus professor of psychology at Wofford College in Spartanburg, South Carolina. He has been working with Chaser since 2004 and has published the findings from their ...


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