119

The BIC FAQ says the hole in the cap is to prevent children from choking to death. It was quoted in the question: The reason that some BIC® pens have a hole in their cap is to prevent the cap from completely obstructing the airway if accidently inhaled. This is requested by the international safety standards ISO11540, except for in cases where the cap is ...


117

TL;DR: In the US and the EU, vaccine manufacturers are required to disclose all ingredients within the vaccine on vaccine packaging inserts available online alphabetically and European public assessment reports searchable through a database, respectively. In both regions, quantities of some ingredients (active ingredients, adjuvants, and absorbents) must ...


83

There are several points to consider here. 1) Depleted Uranium is not that much "depleted". "Depleted uranium," the byproduct of the enrichment process, has about 0.002 percent 234U, 0.2 percent 235U and 99.8 percent 238U, and about 60 percent of natural uranium's radioactivity. -- U.S. Office of the Secretary of Defense, emphasis mine. 2) Uranium is ...


81

The introduction of the international standard ISO 11540:2014 “Writing and marking instruments — Specification for caps to reduce the risk of asphyxiation” already makes clear that the intention of the design is to reduce the risk of asphyxiation for children. If a child inhales a pen cap it might become lodged below the larynx and block the trachea. The ...


57

The claim -- based on this paper[1] -- is not wrong, it is talking about the most recent common ancestor. That is not to mean that the disease spontaneously "sprang into existence" at that point, just that older variants of the disease have died out -- or that the smallpox as we know it today is a result of a predecessor's mutation. Smallpox itself (as a ...


39

Check out this paper: Cancer mortality in Serbia, 1991–2015, published in 2018. The study is based on official data on cancer-related deaths. The conclusions drawn by the authors are: Overall cancer mortality rate (ASR - age-standartized rate) increased between 1991 and 2009 by 0.8-0.9% per year. After 2009, the trend changed to decline, again by 0.9% per ...


35

The claim is false, as evidenced by Prospective Evaluation of the Risk of Serious Bacterial Infection in Children Who Present to the Emergency Department With Hyperpyrexia (Temperature of 106°F or Higher) Pediatrics, July 2006; 118(1): 34–40. Data were collected prospectively on all children <18 years of age presenting to a pediatric emergency ...


25

The answer depends a lot on what mechanism you imply and who you consider to be "anti-vaxxers". If you consider anti-vaxxers to be all groups of people who as a group oppose vaccination (e.g. for political, religious or other reasons), then CNN is largely right. If you are looking for a causal link between the anti-vaccination movement and the increasing ...


19

Menthol is an organic compound found in the oils of mints (source). One of its effects is triggering the TRPM8 receptor (source and source). This has been widely studied and is well-accepted. The TRPM8 receptor is also activated by cold temperatures (source). Thus, the same receptor that senses cold can perceive mint as well. The section of the tweet about "...


19

A quick Google search found a list of similar cases: Tipton, M. J., & Golden, F. S. C. (2011). A proposed decision-making guide for the search, rescue and resuscitation of submersion (head under) victims based on expert opinion. Resuscitation, 82(7), 819–824. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.02.021 This was published in 2011, so it seems implausible ...


18

Q Is there evidence to support this [ all the available strains of the virus having an ancestor no older than 1580]? Yes. What we think of when we say "smallpox" is a disease that did not exist in this form before and seems to be of quite recent origin. That disease is tied to a causative agent called virus that in this variant did not come into existence ...


17

According to Sathe N, Andrews JC, McPheeters ML, et al. Nutritional and Dietary Interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics. 2017;139(6):e20170346: People do use try to use diet as part of treatment ... many families, if not a majority of families, pursue dietary and nutritional approaches as components of treatment. (...


15

The word ingredient isn't as straightforward as it seems. There are many substances that are present in vaccines that are listed on the packaging label. That makes it unlikely that the conversation took place as suggested in the question. An ingredient is a functional substance that the manufacturer has put in on purpose and/or one that is defined as "has ...


14

There is little doubt that the cold water was deadly to many of the victims in the Titanic desaster. The figure given in the Wikipedia article, that "most people who entered the −2°C (28°F) water died in 15–30 minutes" is certainly plausible. However, note the word "most": the quote doesn't state how many lived longer than 30 minutes, but there must have ...


14

No, there is no evidence to support this claim, because she is claiming to have cured a cancer that was never diagnosed. Via Dr David Goski's Respectful Insolence blog: For example, Ann Cameron claims to have cured herself of stage IV colon cancer with carrot juice. She had stage III colon cancer, underwent surgery, and refused chemotherapy. Later, she ...


12

The Alzheimer's Association has declared that "silver dental fillings increase risk of Alzheimer's disease" is a myth (see below; emphasis added). Many scientists consider the studies below compelling evidence that dental amalgam is not a major risk factor for Alzheimer's. Public health agencies, including the FDA, the U.S. Public Health Service and the ...


11

It depends The available analysis (e.g. Human Rights Watch report, IRCT, though limited references to primary sources) state that, in essence, "The normal variability in anal sphincter tone and anatomical appearance makes it difficult for digital anal examinations to distinguish normal anal tone from that which may be clinically significant." A decreased ...


11

Summary The FDA does not issue recalls quickly, because it is not the FDA's responsibility to issue recalls quickly; that is the manufacturer's responsibility. The FDA generally only issues recalls when the manufacturer fails to do so in a timely manner. How does the abbreviated approval work? Device manufacturers may choose to submit an Abbreviated [...


11

Summary In short: minimal protein intake requirements are unknown to this level of precision. But if high-protein is equated with animal-protein, then no, animal-protein is not really needed. Animal protein is of excellent quality and high bio-availibity, and is not undesirable in the right amounts. To maintain adequate protein in a diet, diets which ...


10

It is NOT TRUE that "most humans are hosts to these parasitic worms called Ascaris lumbricoides (Roundworms)." Ascariasis (CDC.gov, 2018): An estimated 807 million–1.2 billion people in the world are infected with Ascaris lumbricoides...Ascariasis is now uncommon in the United States. There is NO EVIDENCE that "water fasting is by far, one of the ...


10

In most studies, caffeine intake was associated with no significant weight change or a slight weight loss. Caffeine - no weight change 1) Caffeinated Coffee Does Not Acutely Affect Energy Intake, Appetite, or Inflammation but Prevents Serum Cortisol Concentrations from Falling in Healthy Men (The Journal of Nutrition, 2011) Sixteen apparently healthy, ...


9

Since no one else seems interested, I'll go ahead and transform my comments into an answer. Not sure things will meet the site standards, but I'll let y'all decide. First of all, the Australian government doesn't seem to think much of the rings. Quote (bolding is mine:) Additionally, the company's website, www.nosnor.com, claimed the ring had a 'proven ...


8

It's difficult to find either primary research or reviews in this area whose authors haven't received grants from companies that make such sport drinks or more medically oriented rehydration solutions. Taking the 2007 Position Stand of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) to "as good as it gets" in terms of existing reviews in this area, their ...


8

The scientific consensus is that examinations of the sort described are both ineffective and unethical. I found an essay from PLOS medicine, titled Forced anal examinations to ascertain sexual orientation and sexual behavior: An abusive and medically unsound practice. (Cichowitz C, Rubenstein L, Beyrer C (2018) PLoS Med 15(3): e1002536. https://doi.org/10....


8

The claims, like "meat, dairy, and eggs trigger an inflammatory reaction inside the body" arise from the studies in which they observed increased blood levels of "inflammatory markers," like C-reactive protein (CRP), in individuals on different diets. For example, in one study Dietary Red and Processed Meat Intake and Markers of Adiposity and Inflammation (J ...


8

Gluten-free diet and depression in individuals with NON-CELIAC GLUTEN SENSITIVITY Non-celiac gluten sensitivity refers to intestinal and other symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. The article from the question mentions few studies in which gluten-free diet was associated with less depression in ...


7

This answer only covers the second question: Have other sources made a similar attribution? The Dean for the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor has said on twitter (emphasis added): More bad news...a totally unnecessary and self inflicted wound, and a direct consequence of an aggressive #antivax misinformation campaign The New York City ...


7

Diet soda refers to a calorie-free carbonated beverage sweetened by artificial sweeteners. The current evidence does not provide a proof that diet soda causes weight gain, but the main points are: Overweight individuals may drink diet soda to prevent further weight gain, but they still gain weight because they do not decrease calorie intake from foods, ...


7

It's an effect that's been widely described and studied. A meta-study says: Prolonged survival under water Generally, drowning results in cardiopulmonary arrest within 2 min (Fainer et al. 1951). Quan et al. (2014) reported on the outcome of 1094 open water drownings; most (78%) had bad outcomes (74% death, 4% severe neurological sequelae), and of ...


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