102

The factory owners certainly did not start the habits of English workers to drink their tea with milk to speed up the breaks. That is a bogus claim incompatible with recorded history. Perhaps there were a few factory owners that made the observation that tea cooling faster might reduce time spent on breaks and thus wanted their workers to add milk in any ...


81

According to the 2000 book Handbook of Cereal Science and Technology, Second Edition, page 616: For a box of ready to eat cereal: Grain cost is $0.09 Other ingredients $0.05 Packaging Cost $0.10 Additionally, Kellogg's is quoted as saying that from 1 bushel of corn 38 12-ounces boxes of cornflakes can be produced. Current (2/9/2016) corn price is $...


79

This is something of an urban myth - the drying time gains were made by using oven-dried enamel coatings on the parts that could withstand the required curing temperatures. The so-called "baked enamel" coating used by Ford was called "Japan Black" (produced for Ford by APV Engineered Coatings) - this is an asphalt-based enamel coating which is applied to ...


56

In the EU, speedometers are not allowed to display a speed that is lower than the speed the vehicle is traveling. Manufacturers calibrate speedometers to comply with this regulation as they would not be allowed to sell their cars if they did not. Reference - EU Regulations for Speedometers (75/443/EEC) The speed indicated must never be less than the true ...


50

The Australia-headquartered corporation BlueScope produces specialty coated steel. For example see ZINCALUME® steel: Next generation ZINCALUME® steel’s patented Activate® technology introduces magnesium into the aluminium-zinc alloy coating, improving galvanic protection by activating the aluminium. The result is a tougher protective coating that's ...


40

I don't think the numbers are so round and exact, but that claim is at least largely true. United Technologies, who owns Carrier, is still closing down a nearby plant and moving a number of jobs to Mexico. See Business Insider: Carrier's parent company, United Technologies, is still going forward with its plan to close its Huntington, Indiana, plant ...


39

Bearing in mind subsequent changes (including the 2020 phase-out currently in the works), a 2013 press release by Northrop Grumman said: Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI), a subcontractor to Northrop Grumman, delivered its first F-35 Lightning II center fuselage to Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin at a ceremony held at TAI's facilities in ...


28

According to Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) One of the most complex structural sections of the aircraft, "F-35A Center Fuselage" is produced by TAI as a second source. Second source means "a company that is licensed to manufacture and sell components originally designed by another company (the first source)"


28

The F-35 made by Lockheed Martin is a joint venture by multiple countries; among others, USA, Canada, Italy and Turkey. Turkey was part of the deal and they helped funding the development of the jet. They were expelled from the program after the deal to buy the Russian S-400 missile defense system. Ellen Lord, Pentangon acquisition chief, commenting on the ...


16

There are many specialty steel variants, and no doubt at least some of them are patented by Australian firms and therefore cannot be sourced from other places. Also, the exact composition of the raw materials (any source will leave its trace contaminants) can have an effect on the resulting alloy, and Australian steel mills are going to source their raw ...


16

Yes. In My Life and Work (1922) Ford wrote: Therefore in 1909 I announced one morning, without any previous warning, that in the future we were going to build only one model, that that model was going to be Model "T", that the chassis would be exactly the same for all cars and I remarked: "Any customer can have a car painted any color that he ...


14

I don't think speedometers are deliberately set to read high, but you are less likely to get a speeding ticket that way than if they read too low. If they read high, you can guarantee to be below the speed limit, even when your speedometer indicates you're slightly over. EDIT The first sentence above conflicts with what follows below: if the manufacturer is ...


12

No, only the first claim appears to be accurate as far as we can determine. The biotech startup appears to be the company Pembient, which is based in San Francisco. According to Tech Crunch, Pembient has successfully printed a horn prototype, which was shown to the reporter. National Geographic has reported on the company: Pembient hopes synthetic ...


11

I will answer with a Polish source but there are also traces of "Bavarian" tea and its history in other languages (mostly French and German as its source is either Bavarian princes in Paris or French masterchiefs in Bavaria). In Domy i dwory ["Houses and Mansions"], Łukasz Gołębiowski wrote in 1830: herbatę, którą w Paryżu wprowadzono w 1656, pijano na ...


10

In addition to statements by representatives of the union cited in the New York Times and other media sources, statements made by United Technologies CEO Greg Hayes in an interview also confirm that only 800 of the (2100) jobs leaving Indiana have been "saved". In February 16, United Technologies said that 1400 jobs from the Carrier facility in ...


9

More or less, yes. According to this source in the first 5 years model T's came in different colors- green, bright red, dark blue, brown, maroon and gray (this is supported by other sources as well) The model T came only in black from 1914 through 1925, and the article quotes a model T expert named Guy Zaninovich (this book mentions him as a model T ...


8

One key almost certainly can open someone else's lock in 'n' number of possibilities because even with the best locks, there are a finite number of combinations to which the lock maker sets the levers or pins. Therefore, eventually there will be duplicates of the pattern of locks. Padlocks typically having fewer than 1,000 effective combinations and ...


6

According to the Economic Review of the Soviet Union : Among American firms represented were the following: ... Cincinnati Milling Machine Co. ... Cincinnati Milling Machine Company was a maker of basic machine tools


6

We have this from 2010: https://www.manufacturing.net/news/2010/12/va-plant-produces-4b-drinking-straws-annually (Facts as of print time for the article.) There's a plant in VA that produces annually about 4 billion of the little plastic bendy straws that come with juice boxes. It has more than 80% of the US market for bendy straws, and also exports to a ...


5

According to Empire of the Clouds by James Hamilton-Paterson, in 1945 Rolls-Royce sold Nene and Derwent engines to the USSR; permission was given by Sir Stafford Cripps, president of the Board of Trade. This wasn't received well by the US at the time, especially when Klimov Nene powered MiG-15's appeared over Korea. Stalin is quoted as asking 'What kind ...


5

TL;DR: it's complicated. This article in Quartz has a number of references to the economic consensus you refer to. The most authoritative seems to be this one. However Susan Houseman has done a more detailed analysis, breaking up "manufacturing" into different sectors. She shows that this supposed growth in productivity is entirely due to the computer and ...


5

First of all, the original claim compares manufacturing to "tailpipe emissions". A fully electric vehicle has no tailpipe at all. I take it the appropriate comparison is between manufacturing and overall use including e.g. emissions associated with making the electricity used by the vehicle, anything noxious emitted by the brakes or tyres while driving, etc. ...


5

This is true, but under some very specific, worst-case scenario, hand-picked circumstances that the author wants to use to make their product look especially good. That specific set of circumstances is in electric vehicles, powered mostly by renewable energy: Ref: http://www.cleanpower.com/2016/electric-vehicle-ghg-reductions/ Note that for most of the ...


3

You seem to be focusing on two specific claims made by the Yes light marketing material.: touch and feel like 80 gsm This claim is incredibly subjective, and therefore difficult to analyze objectively. It seems plausible, though, that 70gsm paper would have a "touch and feel" like that of 80gsm paper. In certain regards, all paper has a "touch and ...


2

According to The Green Book (2007): Each year, Americans throw away 138 billion straws and stirrers So, if coffee stirrers are included, that is 378 million per day. A 29 May 1924 Pulp and Paper Magazine of Canada article says: No other country, it is stated, can compete with the United States in the manufacture of artificial straws, and no ...


1

Not really ; mixing zinc and aluminum in steel coatings has been around over 40 years. Different compositions will have different physical and chemical/cathodic properties , anyone can claim theirs is the "best". Look in Woldmans' Alloy Index; of the many thousands of listed alloys,possibly half can be called some type of carbon steel - It doesn't take much ...


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