42

According to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, yes. As of September 15, 2013, they reported that there were 54,397 persons over the age of 100. Though they have previously had issues with their records, recording as alive persons that had actually died years before, such as the case of Sogen Kato, who was on their records as being alive ...


34

Graph is accurate, but the conclusion is not. Unless you'd want to argue that radiation causes violence, rather than cancer. As you can see, during the fall of the Soviet Union there is huge increase in male violent deaths. However, cancer (neoplasms) rates remain practically flat. Mortality rates by cause: Mortality rate by homicide: Source: "Mortality ...


28

The source cited in the article comment (which has a anti-homosexual slant) references this article, which does in fact show that the life expectancy of gays and bisexuals in Vancouver in 1996 was 8-20 years shorter than all men (note the large confidence interval). The article was intended to show the effects of HIV on the life expectancy of gay men. One ...


22

From the DEA drug factsheet for marijuana: No death from overdose of marijuana has been reported.


17

Yes. This was an easy one! The claims were referenced. I randomly clicked on the second link which claimed: Firefighters have shorter life expectancies than the average population and are three times more likely to die on the job, due to inherent risks, physical and mental stresses, and exposures to toxic and carcinogenic compounds released in smoke. (...


13

Yes, married people seem to live longer The apparent pattern that marriage seems to be good for you was first noted in the 19th century. But it has been confirmed in many studies since, though many of those suffer because they don't adequately adjust for other risk factors and, therefore, failt to isolate the effect of being married. But there are several ...


13

This is only somewhat correct. Montagu (1994) did such a study, excluding infant deaths and later violent deaths, an concluded that The length of life for a population of ancient Greek and Roman men with quoted dates of birth and death has been compared statistically with three sample populations from different periods. It was found that the ancients who ...


12

If the claims of Mr. Winsor are true that he worked as a safety manager in a nuclear plant, it is highly unlikely that he was actually able to accomplish anything that would have legitimately given him a lethal dose of radiation. Swimming in the pools is actually a fairly standard practice among workers servicing spent fuel pools. Divers are used to ...


12

This seems implausible. It's estimated that about .2 to .3% of the population are trans. http://www.livescience.com/50635-bruce-jenner-transgender-prevalence.html The most frequently cited estimate is that 700,000 people in the United States, or about 0.2 to 0.3 percent of the population, are transgender, though some experts say the true number is ...


11

The analysis by Jennings states: when the death ages of these porn stars were averaged it was discovered that the average life expectancy of a porn star is only 37.43 years whereas the average life expectancy of an American is 78.1 years. He has simply calculated the average age at death of those unfortunate 129 persons and presented it as "average life ...


10

Cross-sectional lifespan studies do show decreasing numbers of left-handers as the population ages, which does suggest that the sinister types are dying off at a faster rate than their dexterous companions. Assorted speculations exist as to why: the subtle effects on accident rates of living in a world structured on the assumption of right-handedness, the ...


10

This was a fun journey. The first couple of links didn't have any references, but the third one did. Not only did it propose a mechanism, but it ascribed it to "Dr. Perls" and "Dr. Roizen". Picking the second doctor (with the biggest claim) at random. His name is Michael F. Roizen, MD. of the Cleveland Clinic. His claims are somewhat controversial - ...


10

It isn't "stalling" but it is improving more slowly than the trend up to 2010. There is some wiggle room in the word "stalling" that makes it a hard claim to be precise about. But showing the actual figures can help clarify the situation. Newspaper headlines and speculation about the possible causes of the "stall" have not usually contributed much clarity. ...


8

If you're thinking about "lifespan after retirement" rather than "dying before retirement", then it's not true. Everything I see on firefighter health indicates there's no meaningful difference in mortality rates of public safety employees and other government workers. CalPERS (California Public Employees' Retirement System) produced an experience study ...


7

The claim is false. High IQ individuals tend to live longer. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17174570 "Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: systematic review." RESULTS: Nine cohort studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, study quality was moderate. All reports showed an inverse IQ-mortality relation; i.e., higher IQ ...


7

No, there are only few authoritative studies comparing the life expectancy of homosexuals and heterosexuals since death cannot be attributed solely to any group's sexual orientation, ethnic or social factor. Per results of the R.S. Hogg et. al. 1997 study which assessed how HIV infection and AIDS impacts on mortality rates for gay and bisexual men, The ...


7

Yes they can, as long as they are not eaten, or killed in other ways. Here is an article at National Geographic: Like the Brad Pitt movie character, the immortal jellyfish transforms from an adult back into a baby, but with an added bonus: Unlike Benjamin Button, the jellyfish can do it over and over again—though apparently only as an emergency measure. ...


7

The daily mail article faithfully summarizes the results of this scientific article. Risks of all‐cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta‐review A meta‐review, or review of systematic reviews, was conducted to explore the risks of all‐cause and suicide mortality in major mental disorders. ... All disorders had an increased risk of all‐...


7

This cited claim seems to made by Ward himself in the interview without any study to back it up. While not unreasonable, 27 years is already a very high upper bound achieved by only very few canines, see this list: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oldest_dogs Even if we assume there are (multiple) of Ward's dogs reaching this age, it is impossible to ...


6

The following graph from Wikipedia shows Russian life expectancy for males and females. It shows a decline in male life expectancy from a peak of just under 65, to 57 and a bit, consistent with the initial graph. As that was the most striking feature of the graph, I doubt that the graph was fabricated by anti-nuclear activists. However, it is interesting ...


6

To answer your questions: Soda pops Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with a significantly elevated risk of type 2 diabetes, whereas the association between artificially sweetened beverages and type 2 diabetes was largely explained by health status, pre-enrollment weight change, dieting, and body mass index. —Sugar-sweetened and ...


6

Yes, small dog breeds tend to live longer than larger breeds. Longevity of British breeds of dog and its relationships with sex, size, cardiovascular variables and disease: smaller dogs had longer lifespans. Statistical analysis regarding the effects of height and weight on life span of the domestic dog: A negative correlation was observed between ...


6

It's a claim that's repeated at many web sites (if I take for granted that "average life expectancy is about 75 years"). For example the first few results found by searching for "amish life expectancy" on google include the following. Researchers Study the Genetics of Longevity in the Old Order Amish (from gerontology.umaryland.edu) The current life ...


6

No. Life expectancy estimates are based on current information alongside extrapolation of trends I can't speak for how every country does this, but the basic methods are common. I'm summarizing the figures used by the UK's Office of National Statistics (ONS). Current projections for the UK population are: Around one-third of babies born in 2013 in the ...


6

There have been no deaths definitively caused by an overdose on cannabis. There is a "possible relationship" between cannabis and myocarditis, and myocarditis can be fatal, especially in children. The authors report an 11-month-old male who, following cannabis exposure, presented with central nervous system depression after seizure, and progressed to ...


5

I don't beleive this graph shows any correlation with Chernobyl disaster Above is Chernobyl contamination map from wikipedia. As you can see it is North Ukraine and South-West Belarus that suffered the most. And yet according to the graph, biggest life expectancy drop was observed in Russia. While Russia certanly got it's share of the radiation, it's ...


5

The main article I could find on this is a 2008 article. 1 This study actually measures "self-rated health" which is then used by news agencies as a surrogate for life expectancy. So the link between life expectancy and being married depends on the quality of this surrogate variable. (I can't find the sample size anywhere, which makes interpreting that a ...


4

One study suggests that for one species this is hypothetically possible. Reversing the Life Cycle: Medusae Transforming into Polyps and Cell Transdifferentiation in Turritopsis nutricula (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). Stefano Piraino, Ferdinando Boero, Brigitte Aeschbach and Volker Schmid Biological Bulletin Vol. 190, No. 3 (Jun., 1996), pp. 302-312 Organisms ...


4

The graph might be better described as leveling off, reaching a plateau or stabilizing. Looking at the data here, you could say that life expectancy in the last 3 years has stabilized. Stalling is a loaded word as it makes you imagine you are in an aeroplane and your line on the graph is about to drop out of sky. It also pushes you to believe that you are ...


3

There is no proof that ginseng has any effect on cognitive faculties, so it's not an established fact at all: Currently, there is a lack of convincing evidence to show a cognitive enhancing effect of Panax ginseng in healthy participants and no high quality evidence about its efficacy in patients with dementia. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled,...


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