Summary: There is no punishment for a woman having an abortion. The maximum punishment for a doctor performing an abortion is the same as the maximum punishment for a rapist.
According to the BBC, a woman in Alabama suffers no legal repercussions for seeking, or having, an abortion:
A woman who has an abortion would not be held criminally liable
Yes, and people have already been jailed for refusing to do so
Whilst other answers focus on the legal interpretation, there are a number of real world cases where this has occurred.
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