The table provided is directly copied from page 173 of The Wisdom of Psychopaths.
It explains the source is The Great British Psychopath Study, where self-selected people submit their own Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, and categorise themselves according to a list of a hundred or so occupations.
The occupations listed notably do not include "...
There's an interesting recent paper by Spencer and Bryne (2016), which may shed some light on this, but also raises more questions. It seems that at least in a "typical" corporate structure, there is more psychopathy at the top level... but this seems to have no real impact on the employees' job satisfaction. Finally, there was a huge bias towards men in the ...
As DavePhD pointed out, the executive memorandum only applied to the executive branch. The Office of Management and Budget reports historical data since 1981 for "Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees (excluding Postal Service)" in this file. I included the data at the bottom of this answer. For convenience, here is a plot of ...
Literally forces them? probably No. Compels them by threats of expulsion from school, lower grades or stigmatisation - Probably Yes.
Each September the cotton harvest begins. Many rural schools are closed down by government officials as children, some as young as nine, are forced to pick cotton by hand for up to three months in order to fill the shortfall ...
It looks as if there is one important distinction not to be overlooked, slightly different from the claim that came from a headline.
The cited study asked for:
What would turn out to be the U.K.’s most psychopathic profession?
That means: which tested persons had the most psychopathological traits. That is slightly different from "profession with the ...
The most detailed study on this was done by the University of Oxford.
The study concludes that there is a small effect on wages for low skill, low wage workers, with slight downward pressure. Those most effected are migrants themselves, rather than "natives". Also, the effect is temporary and offset in the longer term by the benefits of migration pushing up ...
here is a link to an empirical study conducted by a professor of mine. It may help answer your question.
A small exerpt from section IV
Based on the extant evidence to date, a reasonable conclusion is that
the average effect of unions upon productivity is small and, if
anything, more likely ...
It may refer to the following
"The portion of Americans working and looking for work fell in March
to 63.3% from 63.5%, lowest since 1979"
Since "a portion of" is not the same as "the number of", the claim is not true, but may be based on a related true claim.
First, Spain does not have excessively long hours of work among OECD countries.
In fact, at 1,691 hours per annum in 2015, Spain is slightly below the median of 1,749 and mean of 1,756.
Spain does not have longer working hours in comparison with other OECD countries
Long hours reduces birth rates
Lack of correlation is ...
This is not unique to Uzbekistan, and was a standard practice all through USSR. Older age schoolchildren and all college students, every single autmn, were forced to go "Na kartoshku" (the best idiomatic translation I can think up is "Go potatoing"), which basically was mandatory yealy harvesting trips to the collective farms to help with whatever harvesting ...
There have been efforts made to quantify number of protests based on some benchmarks of comparison, see A Global Standard for Reporting Conflict which summarizes such an approach as follows, emphasis mine:
propose an innovative conceptualisation of journalistic epistemology
in which ‘social truths’ can be identified as the basis for the
Disclaimer: This is difficult to actually prove without performing rather intrusive research into the lives of Spanish couples.
For part 1: No, they don't work longer hours (source). They do, however, finish work later which supports part of the claim your source makes:
Experts say long working hours and a culture of eating late at night and going to bed ...