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101

True More detailed data confirm the claim. This chart is taken from https://ourworldindata.org/fossil-fuels ; most data there comes from the published paper: Vaclav Smil (2017). Energy Transitions: Global and National Perspectives. & BP Statistical Review of World Energy.. It is coherent with figures from the World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/...


26

Your answer is pretty much entirely contained in the IPCC's Fourth Assesment Report, section 1.3.6.2 (Forestry), except for the part about the Sahel in Africa. It's pretty short and concise, so I recommend reading it for yourself. Some quotes, with my emphasis: Thus, the overall trend towards longer growing seasons is consistent with an increase in the ‘...


21

The "heater" in your car does not actually generate heat itself. It actually takes the heat generated by the engine and passes that back through your cabin rather than venting it outside. So neither heaters nor winter will increase CO2 emissions. Californians use approximately 1.8 billion liters (472 million gallons) of fuel each year running car air ...


20

Yes, the fossil-fuel industry benefits from subsidies equivalent to trillions of dollars, each year. Yes, the IMF's figures are broadly consistent with other studies: in particular, the cost of environmental damage from greenhouse gases alone, is of the order of trillions of dollars per year. These are costs which production incurs, but which are not borne ...


11

There are several claims here. Let’s unravel them one by one. First claim Is there a deep, hot biosphere? Russell has answered this: yes, there is. Second claim Thomas Gold claims that oil is not aging vegetal or animal matter, but rather made continously from bacteria deep in the Earth's mantle (a 'deep hot biosphere') No, Thomas Gold made no such ...


9

No. While you're not going to find a scientific study on the matter, Dateline commisionned an assessment of a very expensive ($1800) system with all of the bells and whistles (fuel heaters, tuning to make the car run a leaner air:fuel mixture, fuel line magnets(?), etc.) They had the cars performance measured before and after at an EPA accredited facility ...


9

A good starting point for information about this topic is The Gasoline Wars Chemical & Engineering News, vol. 87, pages 20-21. First, when shell says "nitrogen-enriched", it does not mean that nitrogen itself (such as dinitrogen in air) is added to the gasoline. Instead, it means that an amine detergent compound is added to the gasoline. Secondly, ...


8

note: This question was originally much longer and quoted section 1 of this response by The Heartland Institute. My comments here are in reference to those claims. The Heartland Institute's claims about conflict of interest policies and funding disclosure, at least, are incorrect. The conflict of interest policy for Science Bulletin states: Authors must ...


7

TLDR: Yes, getting into and out of a car increases your chance of fuel combustion. What: The reason there are unusual instructions like : not entering your car not using a CB radio not using a mobile (cell) phone ... while refueling is because of static discharge - you feel it when a car zaps you. Why: When you're in your carpeted car and you rub ...


6

Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms including phytoplankton and zooplankton that settled to the sea (or lake) bottom in large quantities under anoxic conditions. (Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade, 1990–1999, Tulsa, Okla.: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, p.50) The age ...


5

"In 2015, the United States consumed a total of 7.08 billion barrels of petroleum products" https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=33&t=6 One US oil barrel is 159 litres. One acre or rapeseed gives 600 litres oil ( https://spa.merinfo.se/question/hur-manga-liter-olja-far-man-pa-ett-hektar-raps ) (I assume hemp is in the same ballpark). That gives 3....


4

You can expect a density change of 0.7 g/l/Degree: Density of fuels in g/l with respect to temperature; red curves represent the tolerance band for gasoline; blue curves represent the tolerance band for diesel fuel and the pink curve represents the density of pure ethanol Source So, if you consider a temperature span of 20 C during the day, your density ...


4

First of all, gasoline is used because it is very good at being ignited by a spark, and it contains a lot of chemical energy. So on the face of it, a spark could ignite gasoline vapours in the air, and a vehicle with sufficient static charge could produce a spark if suddenly grounded. It is possible, and extremely rare. Two things need to happen before ...


3

Among the references cited in that IMF paoer, I found the 2015 ECFIN brief "Measuring Fossil Fuel Subsidies" by Bárány and Grigonytė fairly illuminating in this matter. (To establish authority, ECFIN briefs "are occasional working papers by the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs which provide background to policy ...


3

Yes, the world is literally getting greener, largely thanks to anthropogenically-elevated atmospheric CO2 levels. Is the world getting greener? Here's a map: Source: Greening Earth: Spatial patterns, by Prof. Ranga B. Myneni, Boston U. (2015) This excerpt is from a 2009 National Geographic article about how even the "Sahara" desert (really the Sahel)...


2

In Canada fuel prices are by law corrected for this effect. Here is what the Consumers Council of Canada says: Gasoline, like everything else, expands as it gets warmer and contracts as it gets colder. Without temperature correction, a litre of gasoline on a warm day would contain less gasoline by weight than on a cold day. Gasoline is sold by ...


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