101

True More detailed data confirm the claim. This chart is taken from https://ourworldindata.org/fossil-fuels ; most data there comes from the published paper: Vaclav Smil (2017). Energy Transitions: Global and National Perspectives. & BP Statistical Review of World Energy.. It is coherent with figures from the World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/...


20

Yes, the fossil-fuel industry benefits from subsidies equivalent to trillions of dollars, each year. Yes, the IMF's figures are broadly consistent with other studies: in particular, the cost of environmental damage from greenhouse gases alone, is of the order of trillions of dollars per year. These are costs which production incurs, but which are not borne ...


9

A good starting point for information about this topic is The Gasoline Wars Chemical & Engineering News, vol. 87, pages 20-21. First, when shell says "nitrogen-enriched", it does not mean that nitrogen itself (such as dinitrogen in air) is added to the gasoline. Instead, it means that an amine detergent compound is added to the gasoline. Secondly, ...


8

note: This question was originally much longer and quoted section 1 of this response by The Heartland Institute. My comments here are in reference to those claims. The Heartland Institute's claims about conflict of interest policies and funding disclosure, at least, are incorrect. The conflict of interest policy for Science Bulletin states: Authors must ...


5

"In 2015, the United States consumed a total of 7.08 billion barrels of petroleum products" https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=33&t=6 One US oil barrel is 159 litres. One acre or rapeseed gives 600 litres oil ( https://spa.merinfo.se/question/hur-manga-liter-olja-far-man-pa-ett-hektar-raps ) (I assume hemp is in the same ballpark). That gives 3....


4

The article from the tweet you linked claims that both long lines and gas price increases occurred. I would guess either the tweet is a typo or it is click bait to get you to go to the article. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/10/business/colonial-pipeline-ransomware.html?smtyp=cur&smid=tw-nytimes In the meantime, drivers in Tennessee, Georgia and ...


3

No Comments about the article made me revisit this. The text in the tweet (at least about long lines) did appear in the original New York Times article on May 10. Since the pipeline shutdown, there have been no long lines at gasoline stations https://web.archive.org/web/20210510211833/https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/10/business/colonial-pipeline-ransomware....


3

Among the references cited in that IMF paoer, I found the 2015 ECFIN brief "Measuring Fossil Fuel Subsidies" by Bárány and Grigonytė fairly illuminating in this matter. (To establish authority, ECFIN briefs "are occasional working papers by the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs which provide background to policy ...


3

Yes, the world is literally getting greener, largely thanks to anthropogenically-elevated atmospheric CO2 levels. Is the world getting greener? Here's a map: Source: Greening Earth: Spatial patterns, by Prof. Ranga B. Myneni, Boston U. (2015) This excerpt is from a 2009 National Geographic article about how even the "Sahara" desert (really the Sahel)...


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