125

No. Non-avian dinosaurs were extinct about 65 million years ago, as the most recent dinosaur bone was directly dated as being 64.8 ± 0.9 Ma old. The second dinosaur bone sample from Paleocene strata just above the Cretaceous-Paleogene interface yielded a Paleocene U-Pb date of 64.8 ± 0.9 Ma, consistent with palynologic, paleomagnetic, and fossil-mammal ...


66

Has tuff found amongst the deposits at the Dinosaur National Monument? Yes. The most famous section of the rocks in Morrison Formation in Dinosaur National Monument, the Brushy Basin Member, is chock full of volcanic ash beds that have long since been converted to rock (1, 2, 3). It's also chock full of dinosaur fossils, which is what makes it so famous. ...


57

Their claim is incorrect. On an astronomical scale, one kilometer is a very small value. In fact, Earth's orbit regularly varies by far more than 1km. According to the NASA's Solar System Exploration website's facts and figures, Perihelion (closest) Metric: 147,098,291 km Imperial: 91,402,640 miles Scientific Notation: 1.47098 x 108 km (0....


46

The Goldilocks zone ("Circumstellar habitable zone") is a real thing: In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, colloquially known as the Goldilocks zone, is the region around a star within which planetary-mass objects with sufficient atmospheric pressure can support liquid water at their ...


39

The T.Rex is more closely related to birds than to Stegosaurus. The comic shows it in 3 different aspects: Time: From the T.Rex Wiki page, it lived during: Fossils are found in a variety of rock formations dating to the Maastrichtian age of the upper Cretaceous Period, 67 to 65.5 million years ago. While the Stegosaurus lived: They lived during the Late ...


27

According to a Nature article from 1998 this is true (or at least, was in 1998). Coelacanths were known for decades, but only as fossils. They appeared in the fossil record around 370 million years ago, had their heyday in terms of species diversity around 220 million years ago, and went into a long sunset that appeared to end with extinction, around 70 ...


26

Yes, Patrick Matthew recognized and published the basics of evolution by natural selection prior to Darwin. It is also well-known that Alfred Russell Wallace independently developed the same theory apart from, but at the same time, as Darwin. Neither Matthew nor Wallace, however, devoted a lifetime to researching and publishing a ground-breaking, full ...


24

WikiPedia on that subject quotes this article, which alleges that Catholic teaching accepts but doesn't require the theory of evolution. Or a more authoritative answer about Catholic teaching is for example this from Pope Benedict in 2007, quoted on the Vatican web site as follows: Currently, I see in Germany, but also in the United States, a somewhat ...


23

There are no shortage of polls more recent than that 1999 article showing that a majority of people from North American would support creationism being taught in school. Here are a couple: Gallup, Aug 2005 showed 54% thought creationism should be taught in school science classes. Pew, 2005 showed 64% were in favour of teaching it along with evolution. So, ...


20

There is a simple factual response based on the fossil record, "No. Dinosaurs and people did not coexist" but this does not really answer the question "did humans draw dinosaurs?" -- with the implicit assumption that the two coexisted. Here I will provide some commentary about cave drawings (petroglyph, pictogram) with sources for further reading. First a ...


19

This answer has three sections: Is human intelligence declining? No. Is the genetic foundation of human intelligence eroding? This has not been shown. Are other factors influencing the genetic component of intelligence? Probably. Is intelligence declining? No, human intelligence is not declining. In fact, it is increasing. This is actually stated in the ...


17

Yes, women are more sensitive to high-pitched sounds than men. Several studies (summarized here) have found that women are better than men when it comes to hearing acuity above 1 or 2 kHz: Corso (1959) was among the first to report that females have superior auditory acuity (i.e. lower thresholds) compared with same-age males, particularly for test ...


17

This is a fairly common objection to evolution, that appears in various forms. There is a good answer here. It can be generalised to this: Given a biological structure made up of a specific arrangement of a large number of substructures how likely is it that this particular arrangement could be formed by picking the substructures at random? Where the ...


15

The Rhesus factor is due to a particular mutation and is a gene which derives from our common ancestors with chimpanzees and gorillas: The human RH locus is responsible for the expression of the Rh blood group antigens. It consists of two closely linked genes, RHD and RHCE, that exhibit 92% similarity between coding regions. These observations suggest ...


15

Without being able to scan in the page (or pages) in question I don't know if I can give you a definitive answer. The Table of contents of the book does list that dinosaurs are discussed on page 28. If you page through the book, it is a very, very skewed view of pretty much everything in there, slanted towards the creationist viewpoint (the preview only ...


14

Two things that are often overlooked in discussions of evolution, particularly when it comes to sexual behaviour, are sexually antagonistic traits and epigenetics. Recent studies indicate that homosexuality may be due to a normally beneficial epigenetic mechanism that occasionally malfunctions. If this is the case, then homosexuality is an abnormal ...


14

Yes. Homo sapiens is, as far as we know, the only species that has permanently enlarged breasts. In the rest of the primates, plump breasts last only as long as breastfeeding does: Humans are the only primate to have breasts that are enlarged at all times, in contrast to other primates which have swollen breasts only when breastfeeding. This ...


14

In A Source Book on Chinese Philosophy, Wing-Tsit Chan remarks of Chuang Tzu (page 177), All this is a direct product of his concept of Nature. To him, Nature is not only spontaneity but nature in the state of constant flux and incessant transformation. This is the universal process that binds all things into one, equalizing all things and all opinions. ...


13

The Catholic stance on evolution was first officially declared in Humani Generis encyclical by Pius XII: If anyone examines the state of affairs outside the Christian fold, he will easily discover the principle trends that not a few learned men are following. Some imprudently and indiscreetly hold that evolution, which has not been fully proved even ...


13

The shield-holding idea is not well supported by the references. Fisher's thesis "Psychosocal differences between left-handed and right-handed children" seems to mainly evaluating consequences not causation. She cites Coates 1996 Hollingworth 1923 In the references section these are given as Coates, E.F. (1996). The left handed: "Their sinister" ...


13

The BBC article is based on this recent paper: Cliff-edge model of obstetric selection in humans that was published in October 26, 2016. It is a bit too soon to see what post-publication peer-review will say about this, but noted Skeptic and evolutionary biologist, Professor P.Z. Myers has posted at his Pharyngula blog: the paper doesn’t show a causal ...


13

Ellis Silver takes a number of features of human physiology, claims they are inexplicable by evolution, and comes to the extreme conclusion that aliens placed humans on Earth. However, each of the features are actually prosaically explained by evolution. For example: Bad backs - The Daily Telegraph (A terrible source, I admit, but I only have to do ...


12

Rats are probably a long term problem in Tehran, but reports of their size are probably exaggerated. A news source closer to Iran is Dubai based The National which reports Ismail Kahram, an environmental adviser to the city council ... said cats are now smaller than some of Tehran's rats, which can weigh up to 5kg. In some versions of this story and in ...


11

I have been unable to find papers that make an estimate of the total amount of time required for the complete evolution from the LUA. However, I can cite a couple of important papers which show that some of the more complicated steps can be achieved in timescales that are relatively short. The 1994 paper, (A Pessimistic Estimate of the Time Required for ...


11

Given the proposed mechanism of evolution (rather than the creationist parody of it) there has been plenty of time. When Darwin was proposing his theory of evolution and long before the molecular basis of inheritance and biological structure were fully understood, he expressed concerns that the mechanism might struggle to explain some complex biological ...


11

The hypothesis that humans descended from chimp-pig hybrids can be denied on the following points. Hybrids between different orders of mammals are very rare due to the genetic differences and differences in chromosome number. Despite McCarthy's suggestions to the contrary, reports of hybrids between different orders of mammal, though, are, literally, ...


10

Due to some very apt criticism regarding my comment on the question I am going to rephrase it as an answer. It is not so much that the question has an invalid premise, but that the cited article that generated the question is based on an invalid premise. We know as a fact that homosexuals do conceive children.1 The idea that they do not is false and the ...


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