Heineken have addressed this rumour years ago, explaining that they did not sponsor the event, and have ceased their relationship with the venue:
A two year old image continues to circulate in social media channels showing a dog fight, with Heineken banners clearly in the background. As a company and a brand owner, we do not and would never knowingly ...
TL;DR: The claim is actually false. Cats and Dogs (as well as many other animals) just see the world differently from humans. We would call them colourblind, but not greyscale colorblind.
I run into this claim A LOT, so I feel that it is indeed a great skeptical claim. At the very least a teaching moment to introduce what skepticism means since this is ...
This appears to be a folk tale with little contemporary evidence of the event actually happening, but the tale itself does seem to date to the 15th century.
According to Volume 17 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, the tale is told in a few ways:
MACAIRE, a French chanson de geste. Macaire (12th century) and La reine Sibille (14th century) are two ...
No, Heineken did not knowingly sponsor the event, and has made a public response:
Images continue to circulate in social media channels showing a dog fight, with Heineken® banners clearly visible in the background. This is very distressing and totally unacceptable. As a company and a brand owner, we do not and would never knowingly support any event, ...
The sentence is technically true, albeit drawing any conclusion about animal feelings from it would be very questionable.
Our neurons secrete several substances, such as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators and neurohormones in many different situations. The same molecules are used by a dog's neurons, or by those of a fruit fly or an earthworm for that ...
It is difficult to prove that it is impossible to train dogs to detect hypoglycemia. All that can be done to disprove this claim is to show systematic efforts to train dogs have failed, and that no-one has been able to demonstrate that it is possible.
In 2013, such an attempt was tried:
Can Trained Dogs
in Patients With
Type 1 ...
Dogs definitely can be diagnosed with behavioral issues or have abnormal dog-to-human and/or dog-to-dog interactions. Behavioral issues like these in dogs have been suggested to have some similarities to autism spectrum disorder in humans by some researchers. The conclusion comes from this 2014 paper that finds a correlation between levels of certain ...
There is suggestion of moderate deterrence in the 1980s Kirkholt Crime Study (in north west England) reported on page 7 of this burglary statistics report
Based on findings from a small sample of burglars in a study in Kirkholt
(Forrester et al., 1988; n=76), over half of the offenders felt deterred by
occupancy, visible burglary alarms or high ...
Dogs 'sniff out prostate cancer with 98% accuracy,' study finds
A new study from Italian researchers, presented at the 109th Annual
Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association in Orlando,
FL, found that specially trained dogs were able to detect prostate
cancer from urine samples with 98% accuracy.
For their study, the team wanted ...
A book, The 14th Century, seems to back the claim up somewhat, but places the duel earlier than 1400, during the reign of Charles V of France, which was from 1364 until his death in 1380.
The book in question, which is available from the Library of Princeton University, gives greater details and was written in 1869.
The relevant portion is reproduced here
Barks are one of the way in which dogs communicate. For example, some barks mean loneliness and can be methodically distinguished from other kinds.
Our experiment showed that dogs can perceive the difference between barks originating from different situations, thus barking is perhaps a communicative tool not only for dogs to humans, but for dogs to dogs ...
In brief summary, "Yes, but."
To answer my own question, there is some real research on vegetarian diets for canines:
Nutritional and ethical issues regarding
vegetarianism in the domestic dog
(Citation: W.Y. Brown, Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition – Australia 17 (2009))
Many dog owners wish to feed their dogs a vegetarian
diet for ...
This cited claim seems to made by Ward himself in the interview without any study to back it up. While not unreasonable, 27 years is already a very high upper bound achieved by only very few canines, see this list: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oldest_dogs
Even if we assume there are (multiple) of Ward's dogs reaching this age, it is impossible to ...
Are dogs excellent wingmen?
According to the study, yes. Three times more women gave their phone number to the man when he was accompanied by a friendly dog.
As Oddthinking worked out, it was one of the studies
Domestic Dogs as Facilitator in Social Interaction: An Evaluation of Helping and Courtship Behaviors
Experiment 4 ... In this experiment,
Yes, small dog breeds tend to live longer than larger breeds.
Longevity of British breeds of dog and its relationships with sex, size, cardiovascular variables and disease:
smaller dogs had longer lifespans.
Statistical analysis regarding the effects of height and weight on life span of the domestic dog:
A negative correlation was observed between ...
Vetstream says about puppies and their bones: https://www.vetstream.com/watkinsandtasker/html/factsheets/dog/24_265463.asp
Why is bone injury in pups serious?(back to top)
Puppies and young dogs have enormous healing potential and bone fractures, once treated, can heal rapidly and completely. When a puppy is born the ends of each bone are soft and it ...
No, according to the Swiss Ambassador to New Zealand Dr. David Volgensanger, in Dog-eating an exaggerated myth
I categorically state that this is not at all a widespread Swiss habit and that the 3 per cent (that would make 130,000 Kiwis) are totally made up.
Another source says:
the three percent figure comes from a survey conducted by Swiss media ...
Breed-specific legislation was lifted in the Netherlands because it was found to be ineffective in preventing dog bites.
Breed-specific legislation has been found ineffective in other jurisdictions as well, whenever its effects have been studied. See
World-Wide Failure of Breed Specific Legislation.
Research has shown that drug detection dogs act routinely based on the behavioral cues of their handlers, rather than only acting on their sense of smell for odor detection.
In conclusion, these findings confirm that handler beliefs affect working dog outcomes, and human indication of scent location affects distribution of alerts more than dog ...
Is it possible to train dogs to detect hypoglycemia?
Two studies suggest that dogs can detect hypoglycemia. The mechanism whereby they detect this state is unknown - the example linking scent, for instance, may be a baseless supposition for marketing purposes.
In the 2008 paper Canine responses to hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes the ...
Even in cases where the dog isn't a physical deterrent, dogs tend to bark at strangers. This barking can alert owners who can in turn arm themselves or call the police. It is hard to imagine a situation where a dog makes theft more likely. The worst case is that the dog simply fails to deter a thief.
So yes, a dog can provide a deterrent effect, or ...
In Australia, at least, they don't:
What is already known on this topic
Farming folklore holds that dogs bite more at the time of full moons
The research literature on the effect of lunar phase on human behaviour has mostly shown no association
What this study adds
In Australia no association exists between lunar phase and dog bites requiring hospital ...
Is this true/possible?
Yes. An example of a dog with this talent is described at http://www.chaserthebordercollie.com/
Note that this dog has had expert training:
JOHN W. PILLEY is an emeritus professor of psychology at Wofford College in Spartanburg, South Carolina. He has been working with Chaser since 2004 and has published the findings from their ...
According to The Complete Tracker, 2nd edition: Tracks, Signs, and Habits of North American Wildlife, Chapter 12, DOGS (CANIDAE), page 117
Pack members are brought food if they become sick or injured, but these wolves often leave the pack voluntarily
See also On the effects of domestication on canine social development and behavior
deposed alpha ...
Yes, they help.
(Note: Calculus is another name for tartar.)
Effective Periodontal Disease Control Using Dental Hygiene Chews, Wendy Brown and Phil McGently, DOI: 10.1177/089875640502200102, March 2005
Dogs fed a single daily dental chew had significantly less gingivitis (P = 0.02), plaque (P = 0.0004), and calculus (P = 0.0001) compared ...
USAF SERE Training Manual
There is a section in the USAF's training manual about how to elude tracking dogs, but nothing else. There's also a section on emotional well being, but nothing that appears to relate to avoiding emotional attachments.
More or less, SERE is wilderness survival training, techniques to assist search and rescue and avoiding ...
Dogs have some kind of facial recognition according to studies, for example
Faces play an important role in communication and identity recognition in social animals. Domestic dogs often respond to human facial cues, but their face processing is weakly understood. In this study, ...
Side note: I understand "inherent" as the average level of something and not as "despite" but as "independent of" something else.
Main answer: As the influence of training is widely accepted, determining the inherent level of aggression for different breeds would need a study where the pairing of dog and owner is properly randomized because a strong ...