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96

What the writings by Sullins say Invisible Victims: Delayed Onset Depression among Adults with Same-Sex Parents is available online: Retrospective questions at Waves III and IV asked about adult mistreatment during childhood, including whether a parent or caregiver had “slapped, hit or kicked you,” said “things that hurt your feelings or made you feel ...


25

I think your defenition of depression as "sad" is a missunderstanding on your part. Depression is clearly defined in DSM-IV. Depression that meets the DSM-IV criteria for a depressive disorder. The term is usually used to denote depression that is not a normal, temporary mood caused by life events or grieving DSM describes symptoms and does not ...


17

Yes. Depression is a disease. Disease, a harmful deviation from the normal structural or functional state of an organism. Your statements and questions... When a person is depressed, is it because the brain is malfunctioning, or is it just a natural reaction for sadness ? There is a big difference between feeling depressed (or sad) for a ...


17

As per Wikipedia's by-country list of depression in "Epidemiology of depression": Rank Country DALY rate ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1 United States 1,454.74 127 Russia 856.718 So; while Russia's rate is indeed, only officially 60% that of USA, it's incorrect to say that Russians don't get depressed. Additionally; ...


14

The BBC has an article about a study with dolphins A University of Leicester team tested the effect of regular swimming sessions with dolphins on 15 depressed people in a study carried out in Honduras. They found that symptoms improved more among this group than among another 15 who swam in the same area - but did not interact with ...


10

The claim is not supported by the research the article is based on The linked article says "Russians Don't Get Depressed", but they base that on a study which says nothing of the sort. The actual study focusses on the effects of what they call "self-reflection", not on depression itself: In Study 1, self-reflection was associated with fewer depressive ...


9

The concept of "bone pointing" (a.k.a. Kurdaitcha) comes from some Australian aboriginal cultures. The idea - from Western eyes, at least - is that, once cursed, a victim becomes convinced that they will die, and soon after do. Many of the stories about such incidents are anecdotal, folklore or there may have been other more prosaic reasons for the death, ...


9

TL;DR: It's more complicated than the dichotomy "fat=jolly, slim=unhappy" or vice versa. It depends on culture. The report that this newspaper article was based upon is: Patrik K. E. Magnusson, Finn Rasmussen, Debbie A. Lawlor, Per Tynelius and David Gunnell, Association of Body Mass Index with Suicide Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study of More than One ...


9

No. Ben Goldacre - Guardian science writer and proprietor of the Bad Science blog - wrote an article entitled "Tell Me Now How do I Feel" in Jan 2011 and mentioned it again on Twitter. He also wrote an earlier, well-referenced, article in 2009: "'Blue Monday' is churnalism, beware any journalist who puffs it" To quote: Antidepressant prescriptions have ...


8

I don't have access to the full article, but the most interesting part of the abstract (to me) is the scale used to measure depression. The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression used to be the standard test, and was created in 1960. This original test had 17 questions (aka HRSD-17 or HAM-D17), and is the version used by the study mentioned. Since then, there ...


7

Yes and no. Usually the "chemical imbalance" is the consumer-oriented version of the serotonin hypothesis for depression. The most practiced method of testing this experimentally (and practically the only one available for live humans) is acute tryptophan depletion (ATD); tryptophan is a precursor for serotonin. It's been experimentally verified via PET ...


5

Suicide: Yes (New York Times, study), but not just millennials: Suicide in the United States has surged to the highest levels in nearly 30 years, a federal data analysis has found, with increases in every age group except older adults. The rise was particularly steep for women. It was also substantial among middle-aged Americans... Accidental Drug ...


4

You have to be very careful reading studies as shown - many of them conflate the nuclear family with everything other than the nuclear family, including single parents, and make the conclusion that the nuclear family is the only way forward. Outlined very well in Slate. There is a link in that article that I can't add to The New Republic outlining these ...


4

Violent or anti-social music lyrics may provide a short-term catharsis for depression and feelings of alienation, by giving the listener the company that mysery is said to crave. In larger doses, however, the negative emotions expressed in those songs are apt to work at ingraining the attitudes they portray in their lyrics into the minds of their listeners, ...


4

I suspect it depends on the individual since each person may handle any given situation quite differently from another. Being depressed is incidental (as is being neurotically happy), but I would be concerned that the reaction from someone who is actually depressed could potentially be more dangerous (more likely to themselves). I think it would also be ...


4

It's not possible for a perfectly healthy person to will themselves to die. If it were, how many seriously depressed people would just up and die? But, I do believe it's quite possible for a person who is in poor health, perhaps suffering from a serious disease, or a victim of a car crash, to will themselves into a state where they just don't want to keep ...


3

I don't think there a way to answer this question definitely. For ethical reasons it's not really a phenomena you would be expected to be well studied. The heart is a bit autonomous but it's possible to effect it via thought. People can learn to affect their heart rate through biofeedback. What the hurdle when you want to stop your own heart or lung? If ...


3

This particular claim does seem to be supported by the study: rumination is more common among Russians but it is not indicative of depression (unlike rumination in Americans). However, the framing of the paper presented in the article is misleading. The study has nothing to do with actual rates of depression, which, as mentioned by @CPerkins, might be ...


2

I can't find a scientific article with this claim or anything like it made explicit, but a quick search of the scientific literature turns up research that suggests this may be the case. Melancholic microbes: a link between gut microbiota and depression? investigates possible links between bacteria in the guts and depression. The title ends in a question ...


2

This is not even wrong. Depression is related to alterations of serotonin, dopamine transmitters and more: On the Complexity of Brain Disorders: A Symptom-Based Approach: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by reduced mood, anhedonia, psychomotor retardation, and learned helplessness, among others (Kennedy, 2008). It ...


1

The article you refer to seems biased and misleading. It quotes multiple serious-looking papers, then reaches a conclusion not mentioned in any of them. Several articles (e.g. this and this) claim that anti-depressants are not so efficient in curing depression - after you stop taking them, depression often returns. One article reports a correlation between ...


1

Vitamin D supplementation at the level of 800 IU per day does not appear to be an effective treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder in older women. "Winter depression" is properly known as "Seasonal Affective Disorder" (SAD) or "major recurrent depressive disorder with seasonal pattern". As the name suggests, it's recurrent depression that occurs and ...


1

Yes. Per Xuguang Guo et al's 2014 study (Dr Honglei Chen is the part of this research group), "compared to nondrinkers, drinking coffee or tea without any sweetener was associated with a lower risk for depression, adding artificial sweeteners, but not sugar or honey, was associated with higher risks. Frequent consumption of sweetened beverages, especially ...


1

It is not possible to stop breathing voluntarily. Unless there is a serious medical condition (e.g., sleep apnea) this is ruled out. I assume you are talking of some sort of nocebo effect, which is voluntary. I believe nature has built life to preserve itself, hence what you are talking is not natural. This is why, most of the life sustenance operations are ...


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