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91 votes

Does the "survivorship bias" airplane diagram come from World War II research on returning war planes?

You can just look at the Wikipedia page for the very same image, and find the following information: Description English: Illustration of hypothetical damage pattern on a WW2 bomber. Based on a ...
Polygnome's user avatar
  • 2,033
32 votes

Is it true that "People Over 40 Should Only Work 3 Days A Week"?

The study seems unreliable to me but they do claim that. For working hours up to around 25 hours a week, an increase in working hours has a positive impact on cognitive functioning. However, when ...
Sklivvz's user avatar
  • 78.7k
10 votes

Do elephants see humans the same way humans see puppies?

It seems unlikely that there is any basis to this claim. See this question and the answer and comments posted on While there are, according to @Fizz, CT devices for ...
jjack's user avatar
  • 238
9 votes

Was the Stroop Effect used to catch spies?

As a partial answer, according to the 1987 book Systems and Theories of Psychology, volume 2, page 410: We conclude our discussion of the Stroop effect with a story for whose veracity we cannot vouch....
DavePhD's user avatar
  • 107k
8 votes

Does listening to classical music "Improve Cognitive Function"?

Yes, though the improvement is not direct, not large, and not just from classical music. Listening to any emotionally positive music has been shown to improve a subject's mood, which in turn has ...
Giter's user avatar
  • 11.6k
8 votes

Do higher mathematical abilities inversely correlate with good communication skills?

It depends what you mean by communication skills but at least on the level of testable verbal skills the average physics student far outstrips the average psychology or sociology student. Overall ...
Murphy's user avatar
  • 9,492
7 votes

Do some people have aphantasia - the inability to visualise images in their mind's eye?

The basic answer is that aphantasia is very real and is recognised and researched. It's just that not everything that is real can be tested directly. There are some studies that have been done, but ...
Lindsey's user avatar
  • 71
6 votes

Did a Duke University study find these 8 factors as contributors to "peace of mind"?

Although I cannot find a legitimate source for that 8-point plan, there are a couple of key points in the information you have shared: The citation that you mentioned above is not a professional/...
rougon's user avatar
  • 7,400
3 votes

Can speakers of Kuuk Thaayorre navigate much better than Western speakers inside unfamiliar buildings?

See How Language Shapes Thought Scientific American (February 2011), vol. 304, pages 62-65, and the reference cited therein: Unlike English, the Kuuk Thaayorre language spoken in Pormpuraaw does not ...
DavePhD's user avatar
  • 107k
2 votes

Do some people have aphantasia - the inability to visualise images in their mind's eye?

They've done MRI's to show different levels of brain activity: Aphantasia: Losing the mind’s eye Since I have aphantasia I would qualify this as a real thing. The problem is until we get more brain ...
Bryan's user avatar
  • 31

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