176

"Were children safer in the good old days?" We have four definition problems here: What age are included when talking about "children"? What risks are included and excluded in "safe"? When were the "good old days"? What geographic regions are included? Just the US? UK? Western-style cultures? The globe? Interpretation #1: Children under 5 years, all ...


173

The pamphlet is/was real; the claim "a guide to welfare" is false The pamphlet is/was real and caused a stir in the Swedish news, for example: Aftonbladet (in Swedish) The pamphlet was published on Socialstyrelsens website on this link (in Swedish), but was quickly retracted (in Swedish) when the criticism poured in. The main objections were that the ...


137

For completeness, here is the full 4 page pamphlet together with an English translation: Information to you who are married to a child Child marriage is illegal in Sweden In Sweden it is illegal to marry anyone under the age of 18. There are many reasons for this. Children have a right to be children and to not have the ...


96

What the writings by Sullins say Invisible Victims: Delayed Onset Depression among Adults with Same-Sex Parents is available online: Retrospective questions at Waves III and IV asked about adult mistreatment during childhood, including whether a parent or caregiver had “slapped, hit or kicked you,” said “things that hurt your feelings or made you feel ...


62

First of all, the rise in any particular cause of death requires that this cause of death is generally accepted as a cause of death by those who write the death certificates. Most of the rise in SIDS that came as you notice in the wake of vaccinations, come because terms like crib death and SIDS didn't exist before, and became gradually more accepted during ...


60

The first author Neil Z Miller is the director of the Thinktwice Global Vaccine Institute, which is decidedly anti-vaccination as a short look at their website will confirm. He also published a series of books on vaccination. This does not mean the paper is necessarily biased, but it is an undisclosed conflict of interest which is not a good sign. They are ...


56

Summary: The survey this article was based on was biased, poorly designed and poorly implemented. The conclusions cannot be trusted. This study was examined by Orac who has been "checking in with and covering periodically ever since its inception in 2012, when antivaxers were fundraising for it." The study has had a history of being retracted: I’ve ...


44

According to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission: The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has received an average of about 25 reports a year describing deaths to children who suffocated due to plastic bags. Almost 90 percent of them were under one year of age. About 4 million children are born each year in the USA, with an infant ...


40

It seems that all of the answers have gravitated towards depictions of sex. Either because nudity equals sex (while in Hollywood, this appears to generally be the case - it's extremely rare to see a nude scene that isn't purely for titillation, rather than because someone just woke up or got out of the shower), or because it hadn't occurred to them that they ...


39

Wikipedia article on decidious teeth references the picture from Gray's Anatomy. Google search also gives some references. Scheme on Colgate professional. Article in dentist Rick Wilsond blog featuring X-Ray picture from 9 year old: And also child's skull from Hunterian Museum in London: Okay I think it's enough for this answer. So, I assume there're no ...


31

This is all taken from Snopes - Disney Films: The Lion King Status: UNDETERMINED The generally accepted explanation is that the letters were slipped in by a special effects group to form the abbrevation ""S-F-X". The Little Mermaid Source Status: FALSE The plain truth is that the resemblance between the castle spire and a ...


30

Reading around this subject there appears to have been a 1998 summary in the US which is quoted a lot in political debates full report here.. This research summarised that Our findings indicate that student uniforms have no direct effect on substance use, behavioral problems or attendance. A negative effect of uniforms on student academic achievement ...


24

According to the Rand Corporation and the American Academy of Pediatrics, watching sex on TV is correlated to earlier sexual activity. From 1: The results showed that heavy exposure to sexual content on television related strongly to teens’ initiation of intercourse or their progression to more advanced sexual activities (such as “making out” ...


24

Reasons for switching? Generally today, in the western world, left-handed people are equally accepted as right-handed people and should not experience any major drawbacks. Today, a child can easily work with the left hand. Thanks to some tools such as scissors, writing pads and pens for left-handed no problems are expected. If a child does have bad deal, ...


22

Here is a link that puts child kidnappings and disappearances in context. The figures are for Canada. The first thing to notice is that of the 60,000 or so missing children in a typical year, there are about 100 times as many runaways as there are kidnappings. Of those kidnappings, 80-90% are parental abductions. The number of kidnappings by someone other ...


21

This is a repost of a December 2007 Scientific American article which discusses the effects of praising effort over intelligence. In particular if focuses on the importance of mindset, and how some forms of praise in earlier stages of development can affect mindset. It claims that students who were praised as intelligent became worried about continuing to ...


21

Yes, a child's immune system develops and improves over time. However, the idea that the immune system can be "overwhelmed" by vaccinations is specious. An infant has both passively acquired and adaptive immune responses. Our immune system helps protect us from pathogens with its multiple layers of varying purpose and specificity. The immune system ...


21

No. Co-sleeping is unsafe, particularly when compared to placing a child into a suitable cot / crib. Most of this risk comes from the bed and bedding not being suitable for infants, but suffocation by overlying is also a significant risk. The only safe place for an infant to sleep is on its back in a crib/bed that meets relevant standards. A ...


21

There are multiple news outlets reporting ISIS has beheaded children quoting the same source, Mark Arabo, and there is one source (catholic.org) that shows disturbing 'evidence' that seems to be misattributed, actually stemming from Syria. There is reason to be skeptical, as the recent news about the call for female genital mutilation by ISIS and some other ...


19

I have to admit I only stumbled upon this question due to the activity on Jeff Blaine's post. However, it did spark enough interest for me to do a little poking into the matter. Honestly, I can't say there's nothing to it, but it hasn't exactly knocked my socks off so to speak. "Plausible but not conclusive" really gets to the heart of it. Based on ...


18

Not only is it a real danger, but it is now common knowledge because the printed warning notices on plastic bags do actually work. Source: Death rates per million children decreased significantly following California statute requiring all plastic bags with thickness less than 0.001 inch to have printed warning on bag.


18

To come up with the emission per child, the original source Reproduction and the carbon legacies of individuals Global Environmental Change Volume 19, Issue 1, February 2009, pages 14-20, is considering an infinite series. In other words, having one child results in all the lifetime emission of said child, plus all that child's descendants' emissions. ...


17

In reviewing the literature initially: Searches of Scholar for these phrases: 'physiological effects driving' 'women driving' 'ergonomics driving' 'pelvis driving' 'driving + ovaries' ...all returned no relevant studies discussing any effect of this kind, suggesting that if this kind of phenomenon has occurred, no one has thought it significant enough to ...


16

The article from which this claim stems has multiple issues. The most glaring is that even though its subtitle is "The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3", the body of the article never actually makes this claim, instead claiming that there is a 32 million gap by age 4. The authors of the article gathered data on how many words per hour a child heard through ...


15

According to this meta review the answer is a big, resounding no. Actually – it increases criminality. Petrosino and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis review of Scared Straight programs with the most rigorous methodological standards to date. Meta-analysis results show the scared straight-type intervention increases the odds of offending ...


14

As stated in the OP, English-language food guides do not mention mushrooms as foods to avoid (example from the UK's NHS). This doesn't necessarily mean that mushrooms are good, since mushrooms may not constitute an important enough food source in the UK, though if they were very dangerous, I would expect to find them listed. It's not quite clear to me what "...


14

Maybe but very unlikely as that estimate is dependent upon the what data you are using to make the estimate. Based upon newer data that number is likely invalid though. The United States Census Bureau can help us in answering this question as they provide a break out of data on same-sex couples. In the 2010 ACS Brief on Same-sex couple households reported ...


14

According to the World Health Organization: More than two thirds (70%) of all malaria deaths occur in this age group. In 2015, about 305,000 African children died before their fifth birthdays. This data was used by an African organization africacheck.org when trying to estimate the number of malaria deaths in children under 5 in Africa: Then, using a ...


13

There is not, as such, a baby language that we could understand or that other babies would understand. However there is a regularity in the way babies produce sounds as this is part of the process of aquiring language. Naturalistic studies of children's spontaneous speech (MacWhinney & Snow, 1985, 1990; MacWhinney, 1991) have indicated that anguage ...


13

Literally forces them? probably No. Compels them by threats of expulsion from school, lower grades or stigmatisation - Probably Yes. Each September the cotton harvest begins. Many rural schools are closed down by government officials as children, some as young as nine, are forced to pick cotton by hand for up to three months in order to fill the shortfall ...


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