52

No, he couldn't have been. He was born in 1936 and Black Sabbath was most famous in his 40's (1970's). In the picture he is wearing a cassock, which clearly does not normally have Black Sabbath images printed on top, and he's clearly in his late 20's or early 30's. In particular, the poster depicted as the t-shirt image shows the Master of Reality ...


29

Let's use the 1926 Slavery Convention (Geneva) definition of slavery. I'm using the wikipedia article as a reference, but the contents of this convention aren't under debate here, so: "the status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised" If taking someone prisoner indefinitely ...


26

From the link posted by @SVilcans: Fewer than 300 churches had been demolished between 1905 and 2014, the Catholic newspaper La Croix reported, out of more than 42,000 in total. From the La Croix article, translated via Google: According to Benoît de Sagazan, author of Patrimoine en blog, 28 churches have been demolished since 2000 - mostly in former ...


24

TL;DR: Yes, there is damning evidence that the relationship between the Catholic Church and the abuse of children has been systemic. According to a recent report by the UN (CRC/C/VAT/CO/2), as reported by CBC: The Vatican "systematically" adopted policies that allowed priests to rape and molest tens of thousands of children over decades, a UN human ...


23

WikiPedia on that subject quotes this article, which alleges that Catholic teaching accepts but doesn't require the theory of evolution. Or a more authoritative answer about Catholic teaching is for example this from Pope Benedict in 2007, quoted on the Vatican web site as follows: Currently, I see in Germany, but also in the United States, a somewhat ...


22

Did this event happen? According to the Vatican it did: Pope Benedict XVI has formally approved a miracle attributed to his late predecessor, paving the way to John Paul II's beatification on 1 May. The Vatican credits him with the miraculous cure of a nun said to have had Parkinson's Disease. So an actual event did happen, with a real person....


20

Yes, according to the 1760 book The natural and civil history of the French dominions in North and South America, vol.1 , page 27 In respect of his [the beaver's] tail, he is a perfect fish, and has been judicially declared such by the College of Physicians at Paris, and the faculty of divinity have, in consequence of this declaration, pronounced it ...


17

The official position of the Catholic Church is pretty clear: they consider abortion to be murder. Though this doesn't mean that all Catholics agree with the official position. From the encyclica Evangelium vitae from Pope John Paul II: 58: Among all the crimes which can be committed against life, procured abortion has characteristics making it ...


17

This one surprised me. I had started writing an answer suggesting that this was most likely a misunderstanding of a claim by Professor Des Cahill to a Victorian state inquiry in 2012: AT LEAST one in 20 Catholic priests in Melbourne is a child sex abuser, although the real figure is probably one in 15, the state inquiry into the churches' handling of sex ...


16

Referring to RMIT professor Des Cahill's 2012 analysis, the answer is yes to the '1 in 20' figure based on a population of 378 Corpus Christi priests graduating between 1940 and 1966 out of which 14 were convicted of child sexual abuse, and also the church authorities had admitted that another four who had died were also abusers which gave a rate of 4.76 per ...


13

The Catholic stance on evolution was first officially declared in Humani Generis encyclical by Pius XII: If anyone examines the state of affairs outside the Christian fold, he will easily discover the principle trends that not a few learned men are following. Some imprudently and indiscreetly hold that evolution, which has not been fully proved even ...


13

Following George's research I found the reference in Volume 2 of the Registres de Grégoire Ix Example URL My transcription of that: Eidem -- intellecto "quod canonici sepulchri Jerosolimitani, ignem in idem sepulchrum de celo in vigilia in Pasche descendere et Redemptorem nostrum Dominum Jhesum Christum inibi incarceratum fuisse dicentes, locum ...


12

It depends how you define "civic institution" but if political parties count, then China's Communist party wins the prize Defining "civic institution" is a little tricky especially if an organisation has multiple roles. I'd argue that political parties are civic institutions even if they also have a dual role when they are in government (...


11

The Catholic Church approved the beatification of the late Pope John Paul II after a Catholic nun, Marie Simon-Pierre, reported being cured of Parkinson's disease after praying to John Paul II. Wikipedia reports that the validity of the beatification has been criticised on a number of grounds, including a suggestion that the unusual rapidity with which it ...


10

According to Italian Society Reflected in New Vatican Accord, Toledo Blade, 14 October 1984, page 2 of section C: The Vatican owns 1.8 million acres and an undisclosed number of buildings, apartments and palazzi all over Italy. So just based upon land area, between 2 and 3%. See also the US government publication Land Redistribution: One Aspect Of ...


10

1) Did Galileo teach sciencific theories which were not yet proven? The Jesuit Cardinal Robert Bellarmine thought that there was not sufficient proof in his time. He wrote, in his 12 April 1615 letter to the Carmelite priest Fr. Foscarini* (my emphases): I say that if there were a true demonstration that the sun is at the center of the world and the ...


9

The practice of giving up meat for Lent has been part of the Christian tradition since before the fourth century and before the schism between East and West. In some traditions this means a completely vegan diet. Check out this site for more information: Catholic Encyclopedia. Relevant parts: Nature of the fast Neither was there originally less ...


8

One of the best sources on the history of the early Catholic Church is John W. O’Malley, S.J., Church historian, Catholic priest, university professor in the theology department of Georgetown University and author of A History of the Popes. In referring to his book, we must remember that O’Malley is a priest and therefore can not directly contradict ...


8

Claim: In 1238, Pope Gregory IX denounced the Holy Fire as a fraud. Truth or hoax? Lets follow claims, starting with Wikipedia. All links can be found at the bottom of the answer. Wikipedia: Wikipedia referenced The Tablet: The Tablet linked Victoria Clark's book: Victoria Clark's book let me to Frank Hill Perrycoste's book: Frank Hill Perrycoste's ...


8

As I expected, the source of this claim is the standard modern history of the Inquisition, The Spanish Inquisition by Henry Kamen (fourth edition, 2014). Chapter 9 gives us the details: The Inquisition was unusually fortunate in its choice of residences. In some of the largest cities of Spain it was allowed the use of fortified castles with ancient and ...


8

The video is from April 2013 - the destruction of Saint-Jacques’ church in the north of France started at 13 Feb that year. According to Churches at Risk, Some French Considerations: Some unfortunate famous cases are Saint-Blaise’s church, where the vault collapsed in 1998 and had not been repaired ever since or Saint-Jacques’ church in the north of France, ...


7

Both data are mentioned in several media articles. Two of the most authoritative seem to be a 2010 article on Il Giornale and especially a 2013 article on the financial newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore. Both attribute the 20% datum (circa il 20% del patrimonio immobiliare in Italia è in mano alla Chiesa, “about 20% of the real estate in Italy is in the hands of the ...


7

Reverend Donald Cozzens argues in his book, The Changing Face of the Catholic Priesthood that that the Catholic priesthood has become a gay profession. I have not read The Changing Face of the Catholic Priesthood, but Donald L. Boisvert and Robert E.Goss say in Gay Catholic Priests and Clerical Sexual Misconduct, page 2, that Cozzens cites studies from 1989 ...


7

An article from Pew Research in April 8, 2011 disputes the idea that cohabitation before marriage leads to divorce: On the topic of cohabitation, everybody knows that couples who live together before marriage are more likely to divorce than couples who do not, because that is what much research has found. But some recent work disputes that conclusion. Now ...


7

Mostly true. 1) Did Galileo teach scientific theories which were not yet proven? Indeed. In 1632 Galileo published "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems". In it he presented a fictional dialogue between proponents of heliocentrism and geocentrism. However, he was merely repeating the same inconclusive or false arguments that had been debunked or ...


6

The Vatican Bank scandal is the subject of the 2015 book God's Bankers, from which this answer is derived. In the 1970s the bank was hijacked by, no joke, a Masonic conspiracy called P2, due in part to the unscrupulous attitude of the bank's Italian-American operator, Archbishop Paul Marcinkus. The bank became so bogged down in secret deals and scandals that ...


6

Absence of evidence for a church ban, but some individual Roman Catholics expressed dislike of it From the Wikipedia page on the fork The fork's adoption in northern Europe was slower. Its use was first described in English by Thomas Coryat in a volume of writings on his Italian travels (1611), but for many years it was viewed as an unmanly Italian ...


5

As others have pointed out, there are problems with the original questions, but that does not invalidate the original idea. A primary usage of contraceptives is to prevent children, and we know they are rather effective at this. And apparently "The divorce rate among couples with children is 40 percent lower than couples without children" [1]. I have been ...


5

The paper quoted in the accepted answer cites its info to a book edited by Plante, which actually gives the info as given estimates that more than 40 percent of Catholic priests are homosexual (Cozzens, 2000), and the vast majority of them do not abuse anyone, the request to evaluate priests or priest applicants to diagnose homosexuality seems odd. ...


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