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349

The earliest mention I could find of this experiment was in the popular business/self-help book, Competing for the future by Gary Hamel and C. K. Prahalad (1996). Here is the quote from the book: 4 monkeys in a room. In the center of the room is a tall pole with a bunch of bananas suspended from the top. One of the four monkeys scampers up the pole and ...


189

TL;DR: It sounds like a similar monkey experiment did take place, and the results were similar to that presented in the picture, but if this is the same experiment, most of the details are wrong. The first google result for monkeys ladder experiment contains to the following information: Stephenson (1967) trained adult male and female rhesus monkeys to ...


19

Yes, "do not pair" lists do exist. They were brought in as one of the responses to the crash of Northwest Airlink Flight 5719. The accident was basically a CFIT (Controlled Flight Into Terrain) attributable to pilot error, but the attitude of the captain was cited as a major contributory factor. He harassed, brow-beat and bullied his junior first officer ...


16

Gympie-Gympie is said to have the most painful sting of any plant in Australia with reference to this source. Can the pain last for years? Answer: Partly yes up to one year referring to research by Marina Hurley in 2000. The stinging sensation can be felt up to a year since human bodies cannot break down silicon. The hairs are often so small that the ...


12

Yes, Piff has compiled evidence of correlation between wealth/social class versus narcissism, entitlement, and unethical behaviour. Whether this evidence is convincing I leave to anyone studying the details of the research. Piff, Paul K. "Wealth and the Inflated Self Class, Entitlement, and Narcissism." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 40.1 (2014)...


11

The claim is plausible. Let's break it down into several components: Q: Are monkeys capable of stealing wallets or learning to use vending machines? A: Certainly. There is ample video evidence of monkeys stealing wallets and using vending machines. Token-based food vending is common practice in studies of animal behavior. Q: Are simians capable of ...


11

The answer is complex. There have been a number of apparently contradictory studies in the area. Researchers have been trying to dig down and find the true factors. E.g. Is generosity to charities affected by the religion of the donor, the religiosity of the donor, the frequency of church attendance, or perhaps the number of opportunities the donor is ...


11

There's a couple of studies on this: Lifestyle correlates of musical preference: 1. Relationships, living arrangements, beliefs, and crime Sadly, this study doesn't seem to differentiate between "rock" and "heavy metal". People who prefer "rock" have been arrested the most (13 times, but that's a fairly low number overall) and committed "arrestable" acts ...


10

First, I'd like to thank Oddthinking for calling me out on the flaws in my first response to this. Of course that response took me five minutes and this one took me 90 minutes :). Hopefully, you'll find this a bit more informative. In 2011, Paul Piff and others released a paper summarizing studies that purport to show that "that upper-class individuals ...


9

It does not seem so. The link at the bottom of the article points to this article by Schmidt, Fox, Perez-Edgar and Hamer. My (non-expert) reading of this is that baby fussiness is largely genetically determined, but that certain environmental factors also play significant roles. We found evidence of a gene-endoenvironment interaction in predicting two ...


9

As it turns out, sitting for long periods of time seems to be associated with many adverse side effects. The University of South Carolina did a study on the effects long-term sitting has on cardiovascular health. They found that over a period of 21 years, men who reported being sedentary for more than 23 hours per week had a 64% greater risk of dying from ...


9

Following the references, it appears that the factoid derives from the following study: Michele L. Ybarra, Kimberly J. Mitchell, Merle Hamburger, Marie Diener-West, and Philip J. Leaf, X-Rated Material and Perpetration of Sexually Aggressive Behavior Among Children and Adolescents: Is There a Link?, AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR, Volume 37, pages 1–18 (2011) In this ...


8

No, people don't actually change personality when talking in another language. Use of a second language accesses different cultural norms that activate appropriate behavioral expressions. Personality is taken to be what we are while behaviour is what we do [1]. Self-reports and behavioral observations confirmed the effects of perceived cultural norms, ...


7

This is a 1972 television interview of Skinner https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=5ir5znnr4Ok There are other audio and video recordings of Skinner on YouTube going back to at least 1962. The earliest example I see of Skinner being cited for the quote is the Lebanon [Pennsylvania] Daily News 7 May 1976: Barbara Mark, daughter of Mrs. Catharine Mark, 743 ...


7

When I first read the question I told myself: OK, here's another of those stupid "natural"="good" "artificial"="bad" claims... however, it seems this is not the case. There are indeed several studies on the matter, although they generally do not look only at food colouring, but also at other additives such as the preservative sodium benzoate or various ...


6

I don't have the rep to comment yet, but I think the general answer to your question was covered here. More specifically, I am not sure how Scotopic sensitivity syndrome (SSS) is connected to Florescent lighting and school performance. PubMed has exactly 26 articles on the syndrome, with only one possibly relevant to this discussion. In "Comparison of Irlen ...


6

A good overview about this including references is given by Does blood type affect vocational behavior? by Andrew D. Carson, Ph.D. In summary it states that an influence of the blood type on the behavior can not be fully dismissed out of hand, but there are also research results which did not found any connection. Except: (emphasis mine) There have been ...


5

There is an interesting study from a Harvard MBA class suggesting that writing down clear goals does indeed increase the chance of success. A couple summarizing statistics: The 13% of the class who had goals were earning, on average, twice as much as the 84 percent who had no goals at all. Even more staggering – the three percent who had clear, ...


3

This is a press hype, pushed up by wrong interpretation of a paper. I have personally researched this incident and put the result in the German Wikipedia. As a good summary and last word on the matter see Hook, GR: “Warrior genes” and the disease of being Māori MAI Review 2009, 2 http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/viewArticle/222 For the (...


3

OP links to: http://mashable.com/2011/05/09/sitting-down-infographic/ which refers to http://mashable.com/2011/04/22/standup-desks/ which refers to http://www.myfitnesspal.com/topics/show/215691-the-most-dangerous-thing-you-ll-do-all-day which refers to a published article: http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/4/e000828.full Abstract Objectives To determine ...


2

Yes, although it is generally said that humans do not have estrous cycles in the way most mammals do, there are indeed multiple peer-reviewed studies suggesting that people (not just men, and in some cases other women especially) find ovulating women more attractive. The mechanisms for this are multiple, including both physical and behavioral changes. ...


2

There's alas not much in the way of data on this. One experimental study published last year said (buried in the body of their paper) that subjective feeling of hunger increased during 1.5 hours of mild cold exposure (18C vs 24C), but that there wasn't a significant difference in actual food intake in this experiment (and the latter was their main conclusion)...


2

For the first part of the question, yes the original paper by Sasser et al. (1979) attributes it to a well known hotel group without the mention of the name with reference to several papers such as this, this and this. The natural tendency of people to check their personal appearance substantially reduced complaints, although the actual wait for the ...


2

This topic featured today in the newspaper (The Times, Sat Nov 17 2012, page 43). The article mentions a new survey of "the nation's metal fans" by the British Phonographic Industry with 3700 respondents. Being a piece of journalism rather than a scientific work, the article does not give me a reference to cite, but mentions that according to the study the ...


2

Stanford did a study on this, the press release can be found here: http://news.stanford.edu/pr/2009/multitask-research-release-082409.html People who are regularly bombarded with several streams of electronic information do not pay attention, control their memory or switch from one job to another as well as those who prefer to complete one task at a time, ...


1

In the wikipedia page you reference is a section called 'Aggression and the "Warrior Gene"'. This section describes the phenotype you're talking about, and cites this paper (Brunner et al. 1993) that finds loss-of-function point mutations in MAO-A, in a family with 'abnormal' behaviour (defined as "impulsive aggression, arson, attempted rape, and ...


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