Hot answers tagged

190

The answer seems to be no on all accounts. In general, Snopes says: Although the meme is of recent origin, Internet mentions of this alleged historical fact date to at least 2003. Significantly, however, we were unable to trace it back any further than that, nor could we find any credible support for the general claim that it was common to use ammunition ...


30

"[T]raining...to drink more responsibly," is not an accurate summary of the grant's use, as the summary does not include the central topic of the grant, which was the study of and mitigation of AIDS transmission. Dr. Li’s project will develop, implement and evaluate a venue-based alcohol and HIV risk reduction intervention center for establishment-based ...


30

According to existing evidence, it is true that Russians drink a lot of alcohol. 1. Adult Per Capita Consumption The World Health Organization 2011 Global status report on alcohol and health provides us with statistics in regard to average alcohol consumption per year, for people aged 15 and above, in liters of pure alcohol. Russia ranks fourth, with 15....


30

The Primary Chronicle is the only written document we have of the early Kievan Rus, and is the primary text used by scholars of early Russian history to understand the founding of the Russian state, and more particularly, the history of the early Varangian dynasty. The specific quote often cited from the story of Vladimir is “Drinking is the Joy of the Rus, ...


29

No, it is highly implausible that eating yeast will stop you from getting drunk. Inside the stomach the pH is around 1-2, the activity of enzymes is typically strongly dependent on the pH. Outside of their optimal pH range enzymes generally work much slower or not at all. Yeast ADH has a pH optimum in the neutral to alkaline range, at low pH values it is ...


28

The word "Shot", a corruption of the Late Old-Engish "Scot" or "Secot", itself a corruption of the old Norse "skot", was a word meaning a Tax or measure. This means it pre-dates not just the "Wild West" period of American history, but also the invention of the first firearms. A cannon used to fire either a large Cannonball or a measure ("shot") of smaller ...


23

Baker's yeast is capable of fermentation, so it can certainly produce alcohol. In 1926 it was reported in the Canadian Medical Association Journal that bread can contain between 0.04 and 1.9% of alcohol. This is just a short report, not a full scientific paper. In "Ethanol Content of Various Foods and Soft Drinks and their Potential for Interference with ...


23

No, when she said "Not at all" she was answering the question: Do you recall prior to getting there — so I’m — I’m only talking about up to the gathering — had you had anything to drink? According to a full transcript.


21

I found the following paper on PubMed - Observations on the relation between alcohol absorption and the rate of gastric emptying. Alcohol (ethanol) is absorbed slowly from the stomach and rapidly from the small intestine, and the rate of its absorption depends on the rate of gastric emptying. When gastric emptying is fast, the absorption of alcohol is ...


20

New study at the University of Illinois at Chicago reported by Medical daily: Drinking Alcohol May Significantly Enhance Problem Solving Skills Scientists found that men who drank two pints of beer or two glasses of wine before solving brain teasers were quicker in delivering correct answers. Here is the related scientific publication Highlights ...


20

Yes Russia comes in at #4 for alcohol consumption in the world based on a World Heath Organization report on alcohol published in 2011. But pretty much any country in that region is extremely close, so Russia probably enjoys a disproportionate amount of negative publicity. HERE is a 2011 World Health Organization (WHO) report about alcohol consumption. ...


19

CDC The CDC website has a nice summary of our current knowledge on the matter. Dangers of Mixing Alcohol and Energy Drinks Energy drinks are beverages that typically contain caffeine, other plant-based stimulants, simple sugars, and other additives. They are very popular among youth and are regularly consumed by 31% of 12- to 17-year-olds and 34% ...


18

The main harm from ingestion of alcohol in cold weather is the risk of hypothermia. Alcohol is known to affect body temperature during cold weather as well as hot weather. Drinking alcohol may decrease one's core body temperature regardless of the outside temperature and might increase hypothermia risk. Alcohol ingestion increases the risk of acquiring ...


17

It is true that bacteria can't become resistant to ethanol to our current knowledge, but the cited reason doesn't sound plausible to me. According to "Epidemiologic background of hand hygiene and evaluation of the most important agents for scrubs and rubs." published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews in 2004: No acquired resistance to ethanol, isopropanol,...


17

No. A probiotic food, as defined by the dictionaries (1) (2) (3) must contain benefical live bacteria (regarding the human organism). Scientific literature calls those bacteria probiotic (4). Tequila does not contain these benefical live bacteria, as its alcohol concentration would at least atenuate them if not outright kill (lactobacilli are more fragile ...


16

There may be a "safe" amount, but research has not been able to identify what amount that might be. According to The American Academy of Pediatrics: Mills et al14 prospectively studied approximately 31 000 pregnancies in an attempt to determine how much alcohol pregnant women can consume safely. The consumption of 1 or more drinks (a drink is defined as ...


15

No. Rabies treatments available in the USA [Source: CDC] are listed below, with links to the information sheets: Human Diploid Cell Vaccine (HDCV) - Imovax® Rabies Purified Chick Embryo Cell Vaccine (PCEC) - RabAvert® Human Rabies Immune Globulin - Imogam® Rabies-HT or HyperRab TM S/D While each sheet includes the standard worry-inducing list of every ...


15

No. Unless the weekend is redefined to cover a few quiet hours on friday and saturday night. The sensational newspaper headlines are based on a relatively reliable piece of research which is consistent with previous research done both in the UK and in some other countries. The language used in the research paper and the way data is presented somewhat ...


14

Yes, excessive alcohol is neurotoxic. This has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt; there is a substantial body of research in the field going back for quite some time. Evidence for this comes from a wide range of animal based research (for examples, see Crews FT, Nixon K (2009) Mechanisms of neurodegeneration and regeneration in alcoholism. Alcohol and ...


14

A depressant slows down the Central Nervous System. Example: alcohol. A stimulant speeds up the Central Nervous System. Example: nicotine. Tequila contains alcohol, so logically it should be classified as a depressant... but, there goes a famous claim saying that: Unlike other forms of alcohol, tequila is not a depressant. In other words, it says that ...


13

I've found a document with lots of references called, The Effects of Moderate Beer Consumption. It contains this chart, that shows drinking 4 drinks a day for a man has the same relative risk of mortality as drinking none. From Di Castelnuovo A, Costanzo S, Bagnardi V et al. (2006). “Alcohol dosing and total mortality in men and women: An updated meta-...


12

They made it up. Moreover, a single limit for all doesn't make sense given what we know about alcohol metabolism. Richard Smith, a former editor of the BMJ, was on the panel that set the UK advisory limits for alcohol consumption in 1987 and he was reported to have said the limits were made up. One currently accessible (I think the original was in the Times,...


12

Alcohol may in fact make radiation poisoning worse. Though red wine specifically may give a slight boost that can be further improved by removing the alcohol entirely. according to this study: Consumption of dealcoholised red wine significantly decreased the gamma radiation-induced DNA damage at 1 and 2 h post-consumption by 20%. In contrast alcohol ...


11

It seems decidedly skepticism-worthy based on the previous answers. I do not know the science, but I did find a link to a patent filing for the Prequel product filed by Joseph Owades, who also appears to be a legitimate scientific source as an industrial biochemist and Ph.D. Quotes are included in comments below. http://patents.justia.com/patent/6284244 ...


11

The caption is not true, but it's a real photo -- of a prototype. Actual caption: "At the Second Automatic Vending Exhibition in London, a woman helps herself to a vending machine-mixed whisky and soda. February 15, 1960" There's also a photo of a beer vending machine taken in that era. As my Google Scholar search for "alcohol vending machine" came up ...


11

It is not that our body "focuses" on alcohol but alcohol being a liquid gets absorbed and metabolized quickly (or first in relation to your question), whereas food needs to be broken down first into pieces by our teeth, then it mixes with saliva and then undergoes digestion in stomach and this process of breaking down of solid food to small absorbable ...


11

I tried to follow the trail, but was unsuccessful. In 1994, an (not peer-reviewed) letter by was published in the British Medical Journal by G Winstanley (representing an organisation that represents a number of UK drinks producers). It claimed: In 1979 a special committee of the Royal College of Psychiatrists stated that the absolute upper weekly limit ...


10

The fame comes not from how much they drink, but from how they drink. So looking at the annual average does not give you real picture, as Russian annual average (15.7L/y) is similar to European average (12.2L/y). However, if you look at the drinking patterns, Russia and Ukraine clearly stand out with the most risky ones. Patterns of drinking score (PDS) ...


10

According to this study, it's a poor strategy: Adult-supervised settings for alcohol use resulted in higher levels of harmful alcohol consequences, contrary to predictions derived from harm-minimization policy. Findings challenge the harm-minimization position that supervised alcohol use or early-age alcohol use will reduce the development of adolescent ...


10

I've written about this for years. A new CU analysis slices non-drinkers-now by past-heavy-drinking vs. not, and finds that the never-heavy-drinking non-drinkers are equally healthy to light-drinkers-now. This doesn't exactly seem fair given that they don't slice light-drinkers-now in the same way (so they don't really prove absence of benefit from light ...


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