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188 votes
Accepted

In the American west—the world of cowboys and cowhands—was ammunition traded for alcoholic “shots” of a drink?

The answer seems to be no on all accounts. In general, Snopes says: Although the meme is of recent origin, Internet mentions of this alleged historical fact date to at least 2003. Significantly, ...
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  • 22.8k
42 votes

Is vodka (or alcohol solutions with less than 60% concentration) an effective hand sanitizer against Covid-19?

A more recent study (also published by the CDC) seems to indicate that 30% might be a good enough concentration against SARS-CoV-2: [Figure legend:] Effect of commercially available alcohols in ...
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  • 49.3k
29 votes

In the American west—the world of cowboys and cowhands—was ammunition traded for alcoholic “shots” of a drink?

The word "Shot", a corruption of the Late Old-Engish "Scot" or "Secot", itself a corruption of the old Norse "skot", was a word meaning a Tax or measure. This means it pre-dates not just the "Wild ...
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28 votes
Accepted

Does eating yeast stop you from getting drunk?

No, it is highly implausible that eating yeast will stop you from getting drunk. Inside the stomach the pH is around 1-2, the activity of enzymes is typically strongly dependent on the pH. Outside of ...
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  • 41.9k
23 votes

Did Christine Ford testify both that she drank alcohol and didn't drink alcohol at the party where she was assaulted?

No, when she said "Not at all" she was answering the question: Do you recall prior to getting there — so I’m — I’m only talking about up to the gathering — had you had anything to drink? ...
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  • 96.4k
18 votes

Is it harmful to sip a little alcohol in the cold?

The main harm from ingestion of alcohol in cold weather is the risk of hypothermia. Alcohol is known to affect body temperature during cold weather as well as hot weather. Drinking alcohol may ...
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  • 22.4k
17 votes

Is tequila a probiotic?

No. A probiotic food, as defined by the dictionaries (1) (2) (3) must contain benefical live bacteria (regarding the human organism). Scientific literature calls those bacteria probiotic (4). ...
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  • 3,221
15 votes

Are 3 in 4 attenders at hospital emergency departments on weekends there because of alcohol?

No. Unless the weekend is redefined to cover a few quiet hours on friday and saturday night. The sensational newspaper headlines are based on a relatively reliable piece of research which is ...
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  • 54.7k
14 votes

Is tequila a depressant?

A depressant slows down the Central Nervous System. Example: alcohol. A stimulant speeds up the Central Nervous System. Example: nicotine. Tequila contains alcohol, so logically it should be ...
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  • 29.8k
11 votes

Does eating yeast stop you from getting drunk?

It seems decidedly skepticism-worthy based on the previous answers. I do not know the science, but I did find a link to a patent filing for the Prequel product filed by Joseph Owades, who also appears ...
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11 votes
Accepted

Does honey contain traces of alcohol?

The article author of the article that you linked to wrote an earlier article in 1994 where he measured the ethanol content of unspoiled honey. This article of Journal of Agricultural Food Chem from ...
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  • 364
11 votes
Accepted

Were there ice-cold whiskey vending machines in the 1950s?

The caption is not true, but it's a real photo -- of a prototype. Actual caption: "At the Second Automatic Vending Exhibition in London, a woman helps herself to a vending machine-mixed whisky and ...
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  • 38.4k
11 votes

Does the body get rid of alcocol first before metabolizing food?

It is not that our body "focuses" on alcohol but alcohol being a liquid gets absorbed and metabolized quickly (or first in relation to your question), whereas food needs to be broken down first into ...
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11 votes
Accepted

Have the UK official alcohol limits been reduced to a quarter of the levels recommended in 1979?

I tried to follow the trail, but was unsuccessful. In 1994, an (not peer-reviewed) letter by was published in the British Medical Journal by G Winstanley (representing an organisation that represents ...
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  • 132k
10 votes

Does the average Russian drink 250mL of vodka a day?

No, it's an exaggeration. In 2010, Russian males (aged 15+) consumed an average of 23.9 (Confidence interval 21.1–26.8) liters of pure alcohol annually. Including women brings it down to 15.1 (13.3–...
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  • 2,005
10 votes
Accepted

Do you bleed more when drunk?

The answer seems to be probably yes. Rats were given ethanol to a level consistent with human levels that would cause intoxication [1] Bleeding time and blood loss were increased 1 h after ...
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  • 3,394
10 votes
Accepted

Is breastfeeding while drunk dangerous?

All of this answer is based on what I found on a recent review on the subject of alcohol and breastfeeding Haastrup, M. B., Pottegård, A. & Damkier, P. Alcohol and Breastfeeding. Basic Clin. ...
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  • 795
9 votes

Have the UK official alcohol limits been reduced to a quarter of the levels recommended in 1979?

No. But for the simple reason that the UK in 1979 did not have a country wide guideline. Yes, in the sense that in 1979 one such guideline was proposed. From that starting point the trend for a ...
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8 votes

Did the military start the "No alcohol after vaccines" meme?

According to the November 1899 Journal of Medicine and Science, Volume 5, at page 440: Deléarde in experimenting with tetanus and anthrax found that animals treated with alcohol after they had been ...
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  • 96.4k
8 votes

Do societies that are less abstemious have more sensible drinking patterns?

In short: No. But it is a bit more complicated than that. It is probably a bad way to phrase it like "The more alcohol a society consumes, the fewer alcohol-related problems and alcohol-related ...
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7 votes

Are the 2016 UK guidelines on alcohol consumption evidence based?

The recommendations come from this report to the Chief Medical Officer: Alcohol Guidelines Review – Report from the Guidelines development group to the UK Chief Medical Officer The headline ...
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  • 1,767
7 votes

Did Russia use drunkenness to promote soldier aggression in WW2?

Here is a Wikipedia article in Russian on the subject. Basically, each soldier started to receive 100g of vodka during the Soviet-Finnish War (in 1940): Ещё в январе 1940 года во время Советско-...
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  • 171
7 votes
Accepted

Did Russia use drunkenness to promote soldier aggression in WW2?

I can't find anything that proves they gave away alcohol "heavily" to influence their behavior but they apparently gave 100g Vodka to every soldier. Die Zeit, a german newspaper claims: In the ...
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  • 557
7 votes

Is the Pareto Principle applicable to national alcohol consumption?

A long time has passed since this question popped up, but I have found evidence that yes, the Pareto Principle is valid for alcohol/ beer consumption. Quoting this paper (BMJ 2016;353:i1860): ...
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  • 795
7 votes

Is Alcoholics Anonymous effective?

It's time to give an answer that is updated for 2018 (make that 2020): The 2020 Cochrane Review of Alcoholics Anonymous shows a small but significant increase in full abstinence from alcohol using ...
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  • 179
6 votes
Accepted

Is alcohol beneficial in small amounts?

It seems to depend on the way the observational, epidemiological and correlational data is used. That is: how the data is gathered, analysed and interpreted. And how puritan the belief systems of the ...
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6 votes

Is alcohol beneficial in small amounts?

I usually like to give more than a quote, but in this case, the following quote says it all: No alcohol safe to drink, global study confirms - BBC The Global Burden of Disease study [published in ...
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  • 10.4k
6 votes
Accepted

Does drinking recommended amounts of alcohol do more harm to children aged 13 to 18 than it does to adults?

Drinking one or two drinks shows higher estimated BACs (which might relate to more harm due to impairment in reasoning, depth perception, peripheral vision and glare recovery) in a 13 to 18 year old ...
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  • 22.4k
6 votes

Does ethanol activate any taste or smell receptors?

Alcohol chains are highly volatile and the resulting vapors are detectable by the human olfactory sense as odor. Ethanol is the least detectable, but still registers above chance levels according to ...
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