I can't give a complete answer.That would require original research and/or actually testing a unit for an extended period of time. 

But some of the statements on that page aren't correct and weaken their claims. I'm going to focus on a single one. 

That link includes this picture. 

[![waterseer][1]][1]

>"**because the sides of the underground chamber are always cooler than the air** ,waterseer is always collecting water day and night, even when there is no wind"

The bolded claim is simply false. 

A few feet underground the average temperature is (roughly) the average temperature at the surface over recent times ([actually a fraction of a degree higher than the average][2]).

Lets look at some example real data:

In [this graph][3] we can see an example of soil temperature above air temperature in april:

[![Air temperature example][4]][4]

It's affected somewhat by things like soil water content. Generally the greater the depth the longer term the average is.

[![soil temp 1][5]][5]

This graph shows something similar to above but it's more crowded. Even 4 feet deeper than this device soil temperature is higher than air temperature for significant portions of the year. 

[![enter image description here][6]][6]

**More theoretical:**

During the day in summer the soil will be cooler than the air, during the winter or at night it will be warmer (mostly). 

That's not entirely bad, I expect people need water the most when it's very hot in summer but at night don't expect this to work very well. 

Water carries a lot of latent heat of vaporization and so you'd expect the soil around the chamber to warm up pretty rapidly to close to air temperature. You're basically taking advantage of the temperature difference but evening it out at the same time.  

The more water you harvest and the faster you harvest it the faster you'll warm the surrounding soil to close to air temperature. 

So be wary of any "tests" or short term demonstrations which show that it can harvest X amount of water in a day. They may be early on while the soil is at it's coldest vs the air before the machine has run for any significant time. 

To get an idea of [how much energy is being dumped into the earth around the reservoir if 37 liters of water is being collected][7]:

If you had a small chamber 6 feet underground containing a small gasoline heater and burned 3/5ths of a galleon of gas each day every day to warm the surrounding soil you'd be in about the right ballpark. 

  [1]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/WnO6u.png
  [2]: http://www.halesowenweather.co.uk/soil_temperatures.htm
  [3]: http://thesolarbucket.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/a-spacecraft-and-hole-in-ground.html
  [4]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/CcQgg.gif
  [5]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/2OFT3.jpg
  [6]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/VLiw6.jpg
  [7]: https://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=energy%20from%20condensing%2037%20litres%20of%20water