The T.Rex is closer related to birds than to Stegosaurus.

The comic shows it in 3 different aspects:

**Time:**

From the [T.Rex Wiki page](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyrannosaurus_rex), it lived during:

>Fossils are found in a variety of rock formations dating to the Maastrichtian age of the upper Cretaceous Period, 67 to 65.5 million years ago.

While the [Stegosaurus](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stegosaurus) lived:

>They lived during the Late Jurassic period (Kimmeridgian to early Tithonian), some 155 to 150 million years ago in what is now western North America.

Which means that the time period between the T.Rex and the Stego (83 million years) is longer than the time period between the T.Rex existence and the sparrow (65.5 million years)

**Phylogenetic Distance:**

The [Wiki article for Origin of Birds](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origin_of_birds) says:

>most researchers now support the view that birds are a group of theropod dinosaurs that evolved during the Mesozoic Era.

Also from [this article](http://news.discovery.com/animals/dinosaurs/birds-dinosaurs-120530.htm) at discovery:

>"The evolution of the many characteristics of birds –- things like feathers, flight, and wishbones -– has traditionally been a difficult problem for biologists," Mark Norell, chair of the division of paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History and one of the paper's co-authors, added.

>"By analyzing fossil evidence from skeletons, eggs, and soft tissue of bird-like dinosaurs and primitive birds, we've learned that birds are living theropod dinosaurs, a group of carnivorous animals that include Velociraptor," Norell continued. "This new work advances our knowledge by providing a powerful example of how developmental changes played a major role in the origin and evolution of birds."

There is also this churt from [dino-web](http://www.dino-web.com/classification-eng.html) (The T.Rex is part of the coelurosauria):

![birds are dino too](http://www.dino-web.com/images/classification-eng.gif)

The T.Rex is a part of the coelurosaurian theropod dinosaurs, while the Stegosaurus isn't, which supports the claim that birds and the T.Rex have a common phylogenetic branch, later than the T.Rex and Stegosaurus.

**Bone Structure:**

There is the [article](http://www.sciencemag.org/content/340/6133/690) linked to by explain XKCD which says that (as the question quotes).

There is also [this article](http://news.discovery.com/animals/dinosaurs/birds-dinosaurs-120530.htm) on discovery which states:

>Modern birds retain the physical characteristics of baby dinosaurs, according to a new Nature study that found birds are even more closely related to dinos than previously thought.

>Depending on the non-avian dinosaur and bird compared, that might be hard to believe. A toothy, angry reconstruction of Tyrannosaurus rex, for example, on first glance looks little like a common garden blue jay.
Also, look at the bone structure yourself.

A sparrow:

![dead sparrow](http://media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m27na3UmVt1qa28d3.jpg)

A T.Rex:

![dead trex](http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/wiredscience/2009/08/t-rexskeleton2.jpg)

A Stegosaurus:

![dead stego](http://en.academic.ru/pictures/enwiki/83/Stegosaurus_Senckenberg.jpg)

The bone structure of the sparrow and T.Rex is a lot more similar than the T.Rex and Stegosaurus. They are both bipedal, upright, have small "hands" and more.

The only "major difference" between the sparrow and the T.Rex is their size, but this is not a good masure for relation, one of many examples is the [Elephant](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant) and [Hyrax](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyrax) which are closly related to each other much more than the elephant and giraffe ,rhino or hippo, or the hyrex and guine pigs and rabbits. [source1](http://www.tfcg.org/pdf/article_afrotheria.pdf), [source2](http://www.arkinspace.com/2012/02/hyrax-elephants-cousin.html).

--------

Here is a picture of a dino-bird being awesome:

![It'll kill you, and eat your body. Fear me, I'm the awesomely frightning dino-bird!](http://static.ddmcdn.com/gif/blogs/6a00d8341bf67c53ef016305fcb667970d-800wi.jpg)

<sub> source: [discovery](http://news.discovery.com/animals/dinosaurs/birds-dinosaurs-120530.htm) </sub>