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Questions tagged [psychology]

Use this tag for questions about understanding, predicting, and changing the thoughts, emotions, and specifically psychological theories of behavior should use this tag. However, this excludes questions about specific claims, beliefs, or superstitions that would be better categorized under other, more specific tags, including behavior, brain, consciousness, superstition, esp, ghosts, religion, spirituality, energy, and meditation.

17
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0answers
775 views

Does science fiction inspire significant amounts of people to pursue STEM careers?

It's a common belief within the science fiction community that sci-fi has motivated a lot of people to pursue careers as scientists and engineers. A brief search finds many anecdotal accounts where ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

Can phobias be genetic, but created in one generation and not by natural selection?

I have seen this article floating around http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/10486479/Phobias-may-be-memories-passed-down-in-genes-from-ancestors.html Pretty much they state that if a ...
16
votes
1answer
6k views

Does auto-suggestion work?

There are several popular self-improvement books, some of which are: Think and grow rich - Napoleon Hill The Power of Your Subconscious Mind - Joseph Murphy The secret - Rhonda Byrne which suggest ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Does notetaking that does not involve writting by hand help remeber information? [closed]

I've often heard that taking notes helps remember information, even if you don't read it again. Here's an article that sites studies that supports this. For this to happen must the note taking be done ...
4
votes
2answers
815 views

Is this “facial expression reading” test scientifically reliable?

This psychological test purports to measure your ability to read facial expressions. In the quiz, you examine a number of pictures and have to choose a word that best describes what the person was ...
5
votes
0answers
1k views

Can smoking marijuana from a young age cause emotional immaturity? [closed]

I was watching a fairly decent documentary regarding marijuana use and at a certain point a clinical psychologist mentioned that long term patients of his that smoked marijuana from a young age showed ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Has backmasking any significant effect as subliminal stimulus?

According to the Wikipedia article, some people (e.g. christian groups) have claimed that backmasking could be used to manipulate the listener: Various fundamentalist Christian groups have declared ...
8
votes
1answer
511 views

Does being abused make someone more likely to be an abuser?

Does being the victim of abuse make someone more likely to commit abuse? This is sometimes called the "Vampire theory", with the analogy that being bitten turns you into a vampire. As an example, ...
4
votes
0answers
279 views

Can people detect “heart waves”?

A study by Robert McCraty at the "HeartMath Institute" investigates electromagnetic fields created by the human heart and claims: Particular emphasis will be devoted to evidence demonstrating that ...
5
votes
1answer
655 views

Do we judge people consistently based on what they eat?

Leon Rappaport claims in his book How We Eat that people judge each other based on what food they eat. From the book: Social psychology studies have demonstrated that people will make fairly ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Does the color red have measurable psychological effects? [closed]

In answering a question about the effects of viewing different colors, I wanted to make a claim about the psychological effects of the color red – specifically the popular belief that it causes ...
5
votes
0answers
948 views

Can hypnosis increase breast size?

Dr Mark Griffiths Blog Also in 1977, Dr. Richard Willard published a study in the American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. Using a slightly different technique to the previously published studies ...
5
votes
0answers
659 views

Does the Gruen Transfer exist?

The Gruen Transfer describes an effect that shopping malls are said to have on shoppers. In a 1992 essay, The World in a Shopping Mall, Dr. Margaret Crawford explains, in a discussion on the ...
6
votes
0answers
407 views

Did Lewandowsky use dodgy data in his paper showing correlation between free market and anti-science views?

In 2012 Australian psychologist Stephen Lewandowsky (and others) published a paper claiming to show that there was a significant correlation between beliefs in free market economics and the rejection ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Alcohol good or bad? [duplicate]

I see moderate alcohol shows (supposed) benefits for health and long life. I am 42 and experienced a mid life crisis 4 months ago (initially a nervous breakdown). I am slowly getting better but stil ...
22
votes
1answer
6k views

Is rape a crime about violence and power, or a crime of passion?

Adam Carolla, from the popular radio show Loveline, and in the Guiness Records for the most downloaded podcast of all time made the following claim (1 min mark): rape is not a sexual crime, you ...
6
votes
0answers
439 views

Did Dave Elman contribute to an open heart surgery with hypnosis as the only anesthetic?

Colonel H.L. Elman (Dave's son): Among my father's many accomplishments, one that I treasure is the story of the man who was too weak for ANY of the many kinds of anesthesia drugs available in the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Does positive thinking have any effect? [closed]

I found this while reading about the 'Law of Attraction' Whether or not you believe in the power of the universe, there is scientific research that proves the effects of positive thinking. Is this ...
5
votes
0answers
676 views

Span of Control: 5-7 direct subordinates of one manager

I keep hearing about "ideal" number of direct subordinates, which is 5 to 7. It's also called "Span of control" Span of control, also known as span of management, is a human resources management ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the eye-movement aspect of EMDR therapy more effective than other available therapies for treating trauma survivors?

A recent BBC article discussed the use of EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing) therapy for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It makes the claim, "Some are still sceptical ...
12
votes
1answer
938 views

Is there any correlation between sleeping position and personality?

I've read in various news sites (1, 2, 3) that sleeping position correlates with personality. Most go as far as describing what personality traits are linked to each different position but no mentions ...
18
votes
1answer
714 views

Are over 90% of school shooters on anti-psychotics?

The video The Truthseeker: Schools, Guns & Drugs claims that over 90% of "school shooters" were on presciption drugs (voice-over) or anti-psychotics (subtitles). It seems to me that it would be ...
8
votes
1answer
671 views

Do light boxes help Seasonal Affective Disorder?

Light boxes are sold as a treatment for seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and seasonal mood swings. The claims listed are: Helps to ease seasonal mood swings and winter depression, and help ...
16
votes
1answer
4k views

Does Chess ELO correlate with IQ

Does chess ELO rating of players (who have trained/played approximately the same amount of time) correlate with IQ? The claim is 'IQ and chess ELO ratings don't correlate', a view widespread in chess-...
25
votes
2answers
2k views

Do higher mathematical abilities inversely correlate with good communication skills?

There is a persistent stereotype that geeks (let's formally define that as people a couple of standard deviations better than average in math, computers or other related abilities) as a whole have ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Does smiling too much indicate low social status?

According to this article: http://www.epjournal.net/articles/smiles-as-signals-of-lower-status-in-football-players-and-fashion-models-evidence-that-smiles-are-associated-with-lower-dominance-and-lower-...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Is “face reading” accurate?

Can you determine personal characteristics, i.e. helpfulness, work-ethic, good lover, just by looking at a person? Nose Reading http://www.2knowmyself.com/face_reading/face_reading_nose_shape Face ...
71
votes
2answers
9k views

Does working over 40 hours a week make you less productive?

Does modern research prescribe 40 hour workweeks, and agree that increasing hours doesn't proportionally increase productivity you turn in less and worse work, and risk dangerous mistakes longer ...
2
votes
1answer
719 views

Can those limited to the left side of their brains only describe the left half of one's face?

In this video (around 9:45 into it), the narrator says one effect of being limited to the left hemisphere of the brain was that, without noticing it, one will lose the ability to describe the right ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Does money correlate with happiness at a certain level?

I read various claims, but this HowStuffWorks article seems the most representative (bolding is all mine): The one place that money and happiness are significantly linked is when a person is ...
8
votes
0answers
650 views

Do peoples' names affect their choice of career?

The classic purported around the interwebs is of Dennis the Dentist or Lawrence the Lawyer - the idea that a person is likely to choose a career or place to live because it reminds them of their name. ...
10
votes
0answers
543 views

Do frank (but not gratuitous) discussions or depictions of sexuality traumatize children?

I've heard many parents, on several occasions, make statements to the effect that they believe it to be harmful to discuss sexuality openly and directly with young children (I'm talking about kids ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Does the combination of red wine and cheese cause bad dreams?

I have only anecdotal evidence to support the aforementioned claim: heard it from several people in my youth and believe to have experienced it myself, but that might be placebo. Some quick googling ...
16
votes
1answer
5k views

Does hugging a romantic partner for 20 seconds cause an Oxytocin spike?

So I've been seeing a claim around a lot lately in various articles and "amazing fact" lists. Positive Psychology News is one example: after only 20 seconds of hugging a romantic partner, one can ...
9
votes
1answer
961 views

Can a trained human eye catch microexpressions?

Microexpressions were validated in this question: Do involuntary "microexpressions" betray liars? But can a human eye (as opposed to a frame by frame analysis of a high-speed video) detect ...
7
votes
0answers
1k views

Does suggestive selling work in small retail?

Suggestive selling (or "on-selling" or "up-selling") is a technique employed by a sales clerk with the goal of increasing the total sale amount (basket size). The classic example is the McDonalds' ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Do flashcards for babies improve literacy or numeracy?

Baby flashcards have grown in popularity. They are advertised with seemingly amazing effects, like 1½ year old reading and counting. On the other hand academics seem to either say that they don't ...
8
votes
0answers
14k views

Tying a finger to help memory recall

I was playing Zynga's Draw Something when I saw an interesting icon: A quick search of "tying fingers" produces results such as: Big Site of Amazing Facts This is a carry-over from olden days ...
20
votes
1answer
4k views

Do stress balls reduce stress?

Do stress balls (those things you squeeze that claim to reduce stress) show any efficacy? For example: HealthGuidance The simple act of squeezing something in your hand can help you ease a few of ...
8
votes
0answers
161 views

Are prices ending with 99 cents more likely to result in purchase decisions? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The origin of “99 cents” "Psychological pricing" refers to the theory that certain prices are more likely to lead to a sale than others. In the United States, that ...
16
votes
2answers
10k views

Does a suspect's psychological state after arrest correlate to guilt or innocence? e.g. do only the guilty sleep in jail?

A common cop procedural trope suggests only the guilty sleep in jail. It shows up in Law and Order: SVU (S6E04), award winning movies, and even articles about poker tells. The guilty, or so the ...
29
votes
1answer
2k views

Do performance incentives work for knowledge workers?

In this animated video of his talk, Dan Pink claims performance incentives do not work, and can actually lead to worse performance. In summary, he quotes two studies (which he unfortunately does not ...
18
votes
2answers
7k views

Is there any correlation between the ear to which you hold the phone and the person on the other end?

On a Big Bang Theory episode (sec 56) Leonard is talking over the phone and everyone wonders who's the person on the other side, afterward Sheldon claims: This should be fairly easy to deduce. He’s ...
25
votes
4answers
3k views

Does willpower depend on the amount of glucose in the body?

How strong is the evidence for the argument made in Willpower by Baumeister and Tierney? Basically willpower (or better: "self-control") is supposed to be proportional to the amount of glucose in ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

Do eye movements reveal “how” a person is thinking?

According to NLP adherents: The NLP Eye movements indicate how a person is thinking - whether they are imagining a future or past event, internally re-hearing a sound or making up a sound, talking ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Are media's portrayals of physical perfection a contributing cause of eating disorders?

Observations: Advertisers heavily market weight-reduction programs and present anorexic young models as the paradigm of sexual desirability Clothes are designed and displayed for thin bodies in ...
12
votes
1answer
397 views

Can't spoil a young baby with attention?

Your Baby's First Year by the American Academy of Pediatrics[1], in a chapter about very young babies, includes the following paragraph: The best way to handle crying is to respond promptly to your ...
5
votes
1answer
578 views

Benefits and detriments of attachment parenting

Attachment parenting (AP) is often succinctly defined as “Parents focus on forming strong emotional bonds with their children as they grow, using techniques such as co-sleeping, baby wearing and ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Is preferred personal space affected by population density?

Many years ago, I learnt of the concept of "personal space" - the idea that people carry a small territory around them that they do not like strangers to invade. In particular, the size of one's ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the McGurk effect real?

I watched this video on YouTube about the McGurk effect. Then I saw the following comment on Google+ : Singularity Utopia Feb 25, 2012 (edited) I am often sceptical regarding so-called ...