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Questions tagged [psychology]

Use this tag for questions about understanding, predicting, and changing the thoughts, emotions, and specifically psychological theories of behavior should use this tag. However, this excludes questions about specific claims, beliefs, or superstitions that would be better categorized under other, more specific tags, including behavior, brain, consciousness, superstition, esp, ghosts, religion, spirituality, energy, and meditation.

39
votes
3answers
17k views

Does gender reassignment surgery increase quality of life of transgender individuals?

The general belief, at least amongst the LGBT community, is that gender reassignment surgery will increase the quality of life of transgendered individuals. Obviously those that undergo the surgery ...
7
votes
2answers
943 views

Does evolutionary psychology predict that humans will be more altruistic to those who are similar?

I read that in "The Red Queen" by Matt Ridley. Racism and xenophobes are samples of these behavior. Is this true? And if it's true, how does that work? For example. Evolutionary psychology predict ...
8
votes
0answers
424 views

Do spoilers increase enjoyment of a story?

There are studies such as this where people report that spoilers increase enjoyment for narrative works. According to research by UC San Diego psychology professor Nicholas Christenfeld, spoilers ...
13
votes
2answers
949 views

Will rats given the ability to artificially stimulate their pleasure centers starve to death?

There's a widely-held belief [example] that a rat will starve itself to death if given a lever to press that will stimulate some "pleasure center" via electrodes implanted in its brain. Supposedly, ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Do Russians get depressed the same way Americans do?

In 2010, The Wired wrote an article called "Why Russians Don't Get Depressed", describing a paper in Psychological Science. Others, such as The Atlantic and Reuters, wrote about the study as well. ...
30
votes
2answers
5k views

Do nice guys finish last?

xkcd #513 Friends  by Randall Munroe You might think this is something men parrot to justify their lack of luck with the ladies, but ask any androphile and we'll tell you there's just something ...
477
votes
4answers
47k views

Does torture work well as an interrogation technique?

Wikipedia's Effectiveness of torture for interrogation says, Torture has been used throughout history for the purpose of obtaining information in interrogation. Some arguments say that it is an ...
43
votes
2answers
50k views

How long is it possible to maintain concentration?

When I study, I like to do it in blocks of a few hours, with little rests in between. I have heard from multiple (possibly unreliable) sources, however, that a human's concentration will drastically ...
5
votes
1answer
492 views

Are scammers using social media fake-news sharing behaviour to identify and target gullible people?

In the aftermath of the Cambridge Analytica scandal I remember hearing - likely in an interview in a BBC Radio4 programme on the topic (unfortunately I don't recall more than that) - a claim that ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to determine if a person is telling the truth by which direction they look?

I have heard that people look up and to the left if they are not truthful, and up and to the right if they are telling the truth. Is there any truth to this?
6
votes
0answers
393 views

Are humans and chimps innately afraid of and attracted to reptiles or snakes?

Jordan peterson, a culturally popular psychologist, has made the following biological claim: Human beings and their closest biological relatives, chimpanzees, are innately afraid of and attracted ...
46
votes
4answers
11k views

Is there any scientific support for psychoanalysis?

I listened to episode 140 of the The Psych Files podcast where the host, Michael Britt, tried to psychoanalyze Jack Lalanne and was left wondering whether there's any validity to it. I am under the ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

When is praise for children harmful?

There seems to be a growing movement of people who thing that praise is bad for children, as for example on the Not School blog. The thesis seems to be: A child who receives praise, rewards, and ...
24
votes
1answer
1k views

Are people happier when they spend money on experiences rather than physical objects?

In several articles, such as The Science Of Why You Should Spend Your Money On Experiences, Not Things, People Who Spend Money On Experiences Instead Of Things Are Much Happier, the claim is made ...
5
votes
1answer
518 views

“Give me a child” Quote from B. F. Skinner

B.F. Skinner has been quoted all over the place on the internet (e.g. PsychologyDegreeGuide) to say Give me a child and I'll shape him into anything I am starting to think he didn't as I am yet to ...
42
votes
1answer
11k views

Does vegetarian sweat smell better?

I've read this article online in a Belgian newspaper (in Dutch): Weet wat je zweet: deze 7 dingen wist je nog niet over zweten — HLN. Number 4 is saying that vegetarian sweat smells better then non ...
6
votes
1answer
670 views

Can people identify narcissists by their eyebrows?

A friend told me that "a recent study by researchers has determined that people can identify narcissists by their eyebrows¨. A quick search revealed this May 2018 Psychology Today article A 2018 ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Is there a distinction between esteem and confidence and are they independent of each other?

Many of selfhelp-books I've been exposed to promote the idea of self esteem and confidence as the two separate things, and that your self esteem can be improved by saying nice things to yourself. Is ...
22
votes
4answers
2k views

Are religious people happier?

This video discusses the idea that religious people are happier. Are there: any sources that support or contradict the claims? any scientific papers that address the issue?
5
votes
0answers
404 views

Are African-Americans more impatient than whites or Hispanics?

A 2017 paper written by five economists (Andreoni et al.) finds that Time preferences have been correlated with a range of life outcomes, yet little is known about their early development. We ...
2
votes
0answers
265 views

Even the healthiest of elders show profoundly compromised decision making?

That's the indomitable conclusion quoted from the summary of a 2013 PNAS paper. In a bit more detail: We identified several important age-related patterns in decision making under uncertainty: ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Does breastfeeding affect patience, altruism, and risk taking (even as an adult)

A 2016 paper from DIW Berlin unambigously states: In a sample of preschool children we find that longer breastfeeding duration is associated with higher levels of patience and altruism as well ...
2
votes
2answers
593 views

Is there a surge in youth erectile dysfunction?

A 2016 article in The Australian says that there is an increase in youth ED, and furthremore that it's due to porn: You couldn’t make it up, right? Wrong: erectile dysfunction in men in their teens ...
14
votes
0answers
650 views

Was the Stroop Effect used to catch spies?

In the field of Cognitive Science, when studying about the Stroop effect, the claim is often made that it had been used during the Cold War by the American counter-intelligence units in order to ...
6
votes
1answer
502 views

Does browsing Facebook make people more sad than browsing the Internet?

An interesting study as summarized on a PT blog: According to a 2014 study published in Computers in Human Behavior, most people aren't using social media to be social. Only about 9 percent of ...
41
votes
3answers
49k views

Do children who kill animals turn out to be violent?

It is widely claimed that children who injure or kill animals as children are more likely to exhibit violent behavior as adults, committing domestic violence or murder. A site dedicated to discussing ...
8
votes
1answer
526 views

Asking about suicidal thoughts won't push someone into doing it

I've seen this advice repeated on a couple of websites, e.g. Mayo Clinic: Asking about suicidal thoughts or feelings won't push someone into doing something self-destructive. In fact, offering an ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Do men tend to be funnier than women?

Why are men, taken on average and as a whole, funnier than women? This line is from this Vanity Fair article by Christopher Hitchens, and is based, in part, on this Stanford Uni study What the study ...
3
votes
0answers
420 views

Do Silicon Valley workers send their children to no-phone no-tablet schools?

I have heard someone say that there is a considerable proportion of employees of Silicon tech giants that send their children to schools where no smartphones and no tablets are allowed. Allegedly this ...
24
votes
1answer
724 views

Is the Implicit Association Test effective at determining an individual's biases?

A recent post on the Stack Overflow blog, Stack Overflow Isn’t Very Welcoming. It’s Time for That to Change., discusses the problems that members of marginalized groups may experience when ...
59
votes
2answers
11k views

Do men feel threatened by intelligent women?

I found this posted in multiple news sites The findings, to be published in the November edition of ‘Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin’, concluded that men find the propect [sic] of dating ...
72
votes
6answers
5k views

Do violent video games cause violent behavior?

I have been following this question casually over the past couple of years, and it seemed to me that there was no strong consensus either way on the subject. However, I recently read an editorial from ...
66
votes
3answers
11k views

Do people think in a language?

I was discussing some things with a psychology major, and he insisted that people always use a language to think. This is quite opposed to my own experience. I agree that I am capable of formulating ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Was Frank Pucelik's “House of Life” selected as the best young people’s treatment program in America?

Frank Pucelik writes in the book "The Origins of Neuro Linguistic Programming": I [Frank Pucelik] spent the next three or so years, while running Meta Institute Oklahoma, spending time with my son ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Clifton StrengthsFinder [closed]

A friend of mine is trying to convince me to go take a Clifton StrengthsFinder test and participate in related seminars. I have trouble inding any information about the test that does not come from ...
6
votes
2answers
953 views

Can people “wake up” with a new accent? (Foreign Accent Syndrome)

This MSN article from 2018-02-13 claims that an American woman fell asleep with a bad headache, and woke up with a British accent. This has been widely reported, including by The Washington Post ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

Does drinking alcohol and smoking marijuana at the same time cause any trouble? [closed]

I've not quite done it, because I don't smoke pot often when once I did earlier on this year involved with alcohol but it was very long before I drank.It gave me a vibration in my head and a craving ...
12
votes
1answer
938 views

Is there any correlation between sleeping position and personality?

I've read in various news sites (1, 2, 3) that sleeping position correlates with personality. Most go as far as describing what personality traits are linked to each different position but no mentions ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Meditation - Is it just spiritual practice or something more?

Meditation is tightly associated with religious practices, but beside that it may be practiced for many other reasons, such as to increase calmness and physical relaxation, to improve psychological ...
106
votes
3answers
32k views

Is a woman who dresses sexually suggestively more likely to get raped?

There was a recent controversy about a police officer who is reported to have suggested: Women can avoid sexual assault by not dressing like a “slut.” If we leave out the derogatory word and focus ...
73
votes
3answers
14k views

The origin of “99 cents”

I've seen two competing theories on the origin of pricing products at $<desired dollar amount minus 1>.99 (i.e. charging $19.99 instead of $20, of $5.99 instead of $6): Psychological pricing ...
22
votes
1answer
741 views

Is self-discipline more important than IQ in predicting academic performance?

There is one highly cited (>1K citations in Google Scholar) study titled "Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents", and quoting from its abstract: Self-...
4
votes
2answers
835 views

“Women rate the strongest men as the most attractive” …or is it always so? [closed]

The Washington Post says that "women rate the strongest men as the most attractive, study finds". Of course, that does not contradict the common sense, but it there enough evidence provided. Or, in ...
9
votes
1answer
909 views

Do men prefer women with long hair?

I know intuitively this is true but was wondering if there ever has been a scientific, statistically significant survey to find if it is true. Long hair is traditionally strongly linked to ...
1
vote
1answer
443 views

Was there a picture of Freud above a urinal at Washington University?

From New Yorker's "Why Freud Survies": Psychoanalysis was also taking a hit within the medical community. Studies suggesting that psychoanalysis had a low cure rate had been around for a while. But ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

Do colder temperatures increase our hunger?

I've heard this multiple times as an explanation to eating more in relation to being exposed to colder temperatures (restaurants that are colder, during the winter, etc.) but I have yet to be able to ...
2
votes
0answers
307 views

Is skepticism more influenced by one’s milieu than other personality traits are?

lawyerbrainblog.com claim that Being a lawyer requires one to constantly search for problems, to wonder what could go wrong, to find the flaws and defects in an assertion. As a result, people with ...
19
votes
0answers
610 views

Does masturbation (or sex) help one focus better later?

From a NY Post article: Kit Maloney, the founder of O’actually, a feminist porn production company, said that “masturbation [and] orgasm is like meditation. It allows the space for the brain to ...
82
votes
6answers
10k views

Is homosexuality innate?

There is a widespread belief that one chooses to be a homosexual, and that people can successfully overcome such feelings. On the other hand, some scientific studies have shown that finger length may ...
13
votes
1answer
664 views

Are second children more likely to be troublemakers?

I saw this on Facebook, it is a repeat of something I've heard all my life. People believe that second children are more likely to be "troublemakers" (or insubordinate) than the other children of the ...