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Questions tagged [psychology]

Use this tag for questions about understanding, predicting, and changing the thoughts, emotions, and specifically psychological theories of behavior should use this tag. However, this excludes questions about specific claims, beliefs, or superstitions that would be better categorized under other, more specific tags, including behavior, brain, consciousness, superstition, esp, ghosts, religion, spirituality, energy, and meditation.

8
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0answers
424 views

Do spoilers increase enjoyment of a story?

There are studies such as this where people report that spoilers increase enjoyment for narrative works. According to research by UC San Diego psychology professor Nicholas Christenfeld, spoilers ...
13
votes
2answers
949 views

Will rats given the ability to artificially stimulate their pleasure centers starve to death?

There's a widely-held belief [example] that a rat will starve itself to death if given a lever to press that will stimulate some "pleasure center" via electrodes implanted in its brain. Supposedly, ...
5
votes
1answer
492 views

Are scammers using social media fake-news sharing behaviour to identify and target gullible people?

In the aftermath of the Cambridge Analytica scandal I remember hearing - likely in an interview in a BBC Radio4 programme on the topic (unfortunately I don't recall more than that) - a claim that ...
6
votes
0answers
393 views

Are humans and chimps innately afraid of and attracted to reptiles or snakes?

Jordan peterson, a culturally popular psychologist, has made the following biological claim: Human beings and their closest biological relatives, chimpanzees, are innately afraid of and attracted ...
5
votes
1answer
518 views

“Give me a child” Quote from B. F. Skinner

B.F. Skinner has been quoted all over the place on the internet (e.g. PsychologyDegreeGuide) to say Give me a child and I'll shape him into anything I am starting to think he didn't as I am yet to ...
42
votes
1answer
11k views

Does vegetarian sweat smell better?

I've read this article online in a Belgian newspaper (in Dutch): Weet wat je zweet: deze 7 dingen wist je nog niet over zweten — HLN. Number 4 is saying that vegetarian sweat smells better then non ...
6
votes
1answer
670 views

Can people identify narcissists by their eyebrows?

A friend told me that "a recent study by researchers has determined that people can identify narcissists by their eyebrows¨. A quick search revealed this May 2018 Psychology Today article A 2018 ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Is there a distinction between esteem and confidence and are they independent of each other?

Many of selfhelp-books I've been exposed to promote the idea of self esteem and confidence as the two separate things, and that your self esteem can be improved by saying nice things to yourself. Is ...
5
votes
0answers
404 views

Are African-Americans more impatient than whites or Hispanics?

A 2017 paper written by five economists (Andreoni et al.) finds that Time preferences have been correlated with a range of life outcomes, yet little is known about their early development. We ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Does breastfeeding affect patience, altruism, and risk taking (even as an adult)

A 2016 paper from DIW Berlin unambigously states: In a sample of preschool children we find that longer breastfeeding duration is associated with higher levels of patience and altruism as well ...
2
votes
0answers
265 views

Even the healthiest of elders show profoundly compromised decision making?

That's the indomitable conclusion quoted from the summary of a 2013 PNAS paper. In a bit more detail: We identified several important age-related patterns in decision making under uncertainty: ...
2
votes
2answers
593 views

Is there a surge in youth erectile dysfunction?

A 2016 article in The Australian says that there is an increase in youth ED, and furthremore that it's due to porn: You couldn’t make it up, right? Wrong: erectile dysfunction in men in their teens ...
14
votes
0answers
650 views

Was the Stroop Effect used to catch spies?

In the field of Cognitive Science, when studying about the Stroop effect, the claim is often made that it had been used during the Cold War by the American counter-intelligence units in order to ...
6
votes
1answer
502 views

Does browsing Facebook make people more sad than browsing the Internet?

An interesting study as summarized on a PT blog: According to a 2014 study published in Computers in Human Behavior, most people aren't using social media to be social. Only about 9 percent of ...
8
votes
1answer
526 views

Asking about suicidal thoughts won't push someone into doing it

I've seen this advice repeated on a couple of websites, e.g. Mayo Clinic: Asking about suicidal thoughts or feelings won't push someone into doing something self-destructive. In fact, offering an ...
3
votes
0answers
420 views

Do Silicon Valley workers send their children to no-phone no-tablet schools?

I have heard someone say that there is a considerable proportion of employees of Silicon tech giants that send their children to schools where no smartphones and no tablets are allowed. Allegedly this ...
24
votes
1answer
724 views

Is the Implicit Association Test effective at determining an individual's biases?

A recent post on the Stack Overflow blog, Stack Overflow Isn’t Very Welcoming. It’s Time for That to Change., discusses the problems that members of marginalized groups may experience when ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Was Frank Pucelik's “House of Life” selected as the best young people’s treatment program in America?

Frank Pucelik writes in the book "The Origins of Neuro Linguistic Programming": I [Frank Pucelik] spent the next three or so years, while running Meta Institute Oklahoma, spending time with my son ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Clifton StrengthsFinder [closed]

A friend of mine is trying to convince me to go take a Clifton StrengthsFinder test and participate in related seminars. I have trouble inding any information about the test that does not come from ...
6
votes
2answers
953 views

Can people “wake up” with a new accent? (Foreign Accent Syndrome)

This MSN article from 2018-02-13 claims that an American woman fell asleep with a bad headache, and woke up with a British accent. This has been widely reported, including by The Washington Post ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

Does drinking alcohol and smoking marijuana at the same time cause any trouble? [closed]

I've not quite done it, because I don't smoke pot often when once I did earlier on this year involved with alcohol but it was very long before I drank.It gave me a vibration in my head and a craving ...
4
votes
2answers
835 views

“Women rate the strongest men as the most attractive” …or is it always so? [closed]

The Washington Post says that "women rate the strongest men as the most attractive, study finds". Of course, that does not contradict the common sense, but it there enough evidence provided. Or, in ...
9
votes
1answer
909 views

Do men prefer women with long hair?

I know intuitively this is true but was wondering if there ever has been a scientific, statistically significant survey to find if it is true. Long hair is traditionally strongly linked to ...
1
vote
1answer
443 views

Was there a picture of Freud above a urinal at Washington University?

From New Yorker's "Why Freud Survies": Psychoanalysis was also taking a hit within the medical community. Studies suggesting that psychoanalysis had a low cure rate had been around for a while. But ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

Do colder temperatures increase our hunger?

I've heard this multiple times as an explanation to eating more in relation to being exposed to colder temperatures (restaurants that are colder, during the winter, etc.) but I have yet to be able to ...
2
votes
0answers
307 views

Is skepticism more influenced by one’s milieu than other personality traits are?

lawyerbrainblog.com claim that Being a lawyer requires one to constantly search for problems, to wonder what could go wrong, to find the flaws and defects in an assertion. As a result, people with ...
22
votes
1answer
741 views

Is self-discipline more important than IQ in predicting academic performance?

There is one highly cited (>1K citations in Google Scholar) study titled "Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents", and quoting from its abstract: Self-...
19
votes
0answers
610 views

Does masturbation (or sex) help one focus better later?

From a NY Post article: Kit Maloney, the founder of O’actually, a feminist porn production company, said that “masturbation [and] orgasm is like meditation. It allows the space for the brain to ...
8
votes
0answers
334 views

Did Harry Harlow's “monkey love” experiments cost $50M?

Did the government spend $50 million (or more) to learn "how much monkeys love their mothers"? From Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 45(3), 193–218 Summer 2009: It is also ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the association between homosexuality and mental illness likely to have a genetic basis?

From "Sexual Orientation and Psychiatric Vulnerability: A Twin Study of Neuroticism and Psychoticism" (2011): Abstract Recent evidence indicates that homosexuals and bisexuals are, on average, ...
13
votes
1answer
996 views

Is sex a cure for depression in 50 percent of cases?

I read this claim on Twitter from a plastic surgeon who has worked for the Miss Venezuela organization. It says: Estudios revelan que el 50% de las depresiones se curan con buen sexo. #CiruTips ...
2
votes
0answers
243 views

Smell of a Body [closed]

There's many fictional and nonfictional stories about passerby detecting dead bodies inside buildings and such by an "overwhelming stench of decay" or something equivalent, usually even through thick ...
8
votes
1answer
924 views

At what age do children develop a sense of gender identity?

To make things clear, I want to state that I have no doubt about whether people are transgender and what that means. I simply am asking about what age children are able to comprehend their personal ...
13
votes
1answer
664 views

Are second children more likely to be troublemakers?

I saw this on Facebook, it is a repeat of something I've heard all my life. People believe that second children are more likely to be "troublemakers" (or insubordinate) than the other children of the ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

Did this study show that singing some vowels is “more joyful” than others?

The Wikipedia page for the Hare Krishna mantra provides some evidence that the mantra provides joy through the singing of certain vowels: In a 2010 experimental study involving both devotees and ...
5
votes
0answers
465 views

Can split personalities have different physical traits?

It is sometimes claimed that the multiple personalities of a person with dissociative identity disorder may not only display different character, behaviour, and movement types, but even show different ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Do Russians get depressed the same way Americans do?

In 2010, The Wired wrote an article called "Why Russians Don't Get Depressed", describing a paper in Psychological Science. Others, such as The Atlantic and Reuters, wrote about the study as well. ...
2
votes
0answers
283 views

Is there hard evidence that non-leftwing academics are discriminated against in academia? [closed]

..or alternatively is there hard evidence that they don't ? This is a claim made by several at Heterodox Academy and one that resurfaces regularly in conservative media. This paper has been widely ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Are liberal/left-wing people more intelligent than conservative/right-wing people?

A quick DuckDuckGo search on "are liberal people more intelligent" or "are left wing people more intelligent" leads to many blogs/articles claiming that they are (same search on the opposite claim ("...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Does having more women in a group increase its collective intelligence?

Various reputable media outlets have written articles down through the years to the effect that the higher the ratio of women in a group, the higher its collective intelligence. Examples online: ...
7
votes
1answer
782 views

Is there any evidence that soldiers turned traitor due to Chinese “brainwashing”?

The Wikipedia article on brainwashing states: Hunter and those who picked up the Chinese term used it to explain why, during the Korean War (1950-1953), some American prisoners of war ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Are men expressing homophobia more likely to be homosexual?

It is commonly claimed that men who object to homosexuality probably, themselves, have same-sex desires. Examples: [1], [2], [3] Is this claim true? Are men exhibiting homophobia (a) more likely ...
0
votes
0answers
155 views

A source for the monkey ladder water experiment? [duplicate]

This post claims that the experiment was described "in the textbook Principles of General Psychology (1980 John Wiley and Sons)" (Google,Amazon) Can someone with access to the book confirm whether or ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Electro sensitivity - is it a thing? [duplicate]

Recently, a coworker brought up electro sensitivity as something to consider when developing new communications technology. What little I have researched so far The WHO claims that the majority of ...
1
vote
0answers
207 views

Suicide and social networks

Social media platforms provide potential opportunities for individuals to connect to support or treatment they need. For instance, social media posts that convey messages of despair or a pattern of ...
3
votes
0answers
168 views

Does the act of placing a bet make people much more confident in the outcome of a prediction?

Robert Cialdini writes in his book Influence about a principle he calls "Commitment and Consistency": A STUDY DONE BY A PAIR OF CANADIAN PSYCHOLOGISTS (KNOX & Inkster, 1968) uncovered something ...
18
votes
1answer
471 views

Do people feel indebted when they receive a free sample and are therefore more likely to buy?

Robert Cialdini claim in his book Influence that one of his six principles is the principle of reciprocity. It means that if you do a small favor to someone they will feel indebted to give you ...
101
votes
5answers
17k views

Can you predict a number that is “randomly” chosen by a person better than chance?

(https://xkcd.com/628/) If you hover your mouse over the comic for a few second a small tool tip box says: You can do a lot better than 1% if you start keeping track of the patterns in what ...
6
votes
1answer
594 views

Are men attracted to women that look like their mothers?

In 2008, The Guardian reported: In a study published today, psychologists measured people's faces and compared them with their partner's parents and strangers. They found men were more likely to ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the statistic “8% of People Achieve Their New Year's Resolutions” based on facts?

The Statistic Brain Research Institute (statisticbrain.com) claims to be a "trusted research provider to" Forbes, The New York Times and Wikipedia, among others (this is written in their main page ...