Questions tagged [psychology]

Use this tag for questions about understanding, predicting, and changing the thoughts, emotions, and specifically psychological theories of behavior should use this tag. However, this excludes questions about specific claims, beliefs, or superstitions that would be better categorized under other, more specific tags, including behavior, brain, consciousness, superstition, esp, ghosts, religion, spirituality, energy, and meditation.

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Can anyone get stuck into a "toxic/destructive/violent relationship"? [closed]

I frequently hear people that have been in a "toxic/violent/destructive relationship" claiming that anyone can end up like that. In a trivial sense of that statement, that is the probability ...
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Did Francine Shapiro work as John Grinder's assistant and write an article on NLP eye accessing cues before she invented EMDR?

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a: is a form of psychotherapy developed by Francine Shapiro in the 1980s that was originally designed to alleviate the distress associated with ...
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7 votes
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364 views

Do introverts and extroverts respond to dopamine and acetylcholine differently?

This Mind Brain Ed blog article is an example of one that quotes the book Quiet kids: Help your introverted child succeed in an extroverted world. by Christine Fonseca in claiming that introverts and ...
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11 votes
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To what extent does the reported phenomenon of needle spiking in nightclubs and bars exist?

There have been widespread reports in the UK of "needle spiking," where a person, usually a woman, claims to have been jabbed with something in a bar. This has received increasing attention, ...
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7 votes
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Are US Marines deliberately kept under-supplied so that they would be more combat aggressive?

I watched a TV series named Generation Kill based on the experiences of an embedded reporter during the invasion of Iraq in the 2003. The US Marines in the series often complain about lacking ...
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34 votes
1 answer
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Is listening to lossy audio more tiring than lossless audio?

Multiple posts on Reddit (Ear fatigue and Audio quality, another comment) claim that it is more tiring to listen to music in a lossy format. The same claim is even repeated on the Wikipedia page for ...
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1 answer
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Is the story of the Fourth Cookie true?

This story of a psychology experiment was told as part of a Commencement Address by author Michael Lewis. It has been quoted in a number of places around the web. They began by grabbing students, as ...
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1 answer
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Are young liberal women more likely to have a mental health condition?

Evie Magazine reports on a 2020 Pew Research study, in an article titled Over 50% Of Liberal, White Women Under 30 Have A Mental Health Issue. Are We Worried Yet? Conservatives label younger liberal ...
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4 votes
1 answer
457 views

Does Gestalt Therapy effectively treat substance abuse?

Gestalt Therapy is a form of psychotherapy. Based on several descriptions it seems to be vague and fringe. A practicing psychotherapist told me: It is anything but scientific. It was popular in the '...
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10 votes
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Do dogs who play with laser pointers get neuroses?

There are many anecdotes about "laser pointer syndrome" claiming that dogs suffer from something like OCD as a result of playing with laser pointers. Some vet clinics that propagate this ...
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21 votes
0 answers
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Did Coinstar add a delay and fake noises because people didn't believe a machine could count coins quickly?

I saw a post on Reddit claiming that Coinstar machines are extremely fast at counting coins, but that the company had to introduce a delay and fake noises to the machines because customers didn't ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Do mass shooters tend to have been bullied as kids?

(Originally posted on Psychology.SE, it has been suggested that I post here instead) The media frequently claims that mass shooters are or were bullied as children. Does the scientific evidence back ...
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3 votes
1 answer
204 views

Does fast feedback result in greater expertise?

There are swathes of blogs and books promoting the notion that we should seek the quickest possible feedback to develop ours skill. The most prominent example I can think of comes from Daniel Kahneman'...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Are more crash due to captain than first officer, because they ignore the first officer?

According to Outliers: The Story of Success from Malcolm Gladwell, more crashes are due to the captain than the first officer. He claims that the reason is that the captain ignore the warnings the ...
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82 votes
1 answer
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Did Sir Arthur Conan Doyle prank 12 men into fleeing their countries?

Purportedly, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle — creator and author of Sherlock Holmes series — sent a telegram to 12 men “…of great virtue and respected in society.” The telegram read “Flee! All has been ...
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8 votes
2 answers
645 views

Do library fines affect return rates?

I just got an email from the Free Library of Philadelphia announcing that they no longer charge fines for material returned past the due date. The announcement, reproduced on their blog contained the ...
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4 votes
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Is the Dunning-Kruger effect reversed in Japan?

Wikipedia seems to claim so citing a single study: The study "Divergent Consequences of Success and Failure in Japan and North America: An Investigation of Self-improving Motivations and Malleable ...
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39 votes
4 answers
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Can social isolation kill babies?

According to the Wikipedia page for Language Deprivation Experiments, An experiment allegedly carried out by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century saw young infants raised without human ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Do video games lead to increased depression, anxiety and aggression?

Nicholas Kardaras is a addiction expert who was a professor at Stony Brook Medicine. In his 2016 NY Post article he claims that screen time is extremely harmful to children. The article intermingles ...
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79 votes
4 answers
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Does the US Armed Forces refuse to recruit anyone with an IQ less than 83?

In this video, Jordan Peterson claims the following. You can't induct someone into the Armed Forces in the US if they have an IQ of less than 83. He claims that the armed forces needs an accurate ...
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13 votes
0 answers
782 views

Can John Gottman predict which couples will divorce with extremely high accuracy?

John Gottman (a prominent psychological researcher who has done extensive work on divorce prediction) has some very strong claims about his ability to predict divorce. The claim that led me to start ...
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69 votes
3 answers
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Is low emotional intelligence associated with right-wing and prejudiced attitudes?

Accordiing to Diply, Researchers in Belgium have linked a lack of emotional intelligence with right-wing political views, reports PsyPost. The study, published in Emotion, found that those who ...
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1 vote
0 answers
356 views

Are Nobel laureates "at least 22 times more likely to partake as an amateur actor, dancer, magician or other type of performer"?

There was an opinion piece in the New York Times titled Do You Have to Be a Jerk to Be Great? in which David Brooks cites from a book called "Range" by David Epstein (emphasis added): In ...
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1 answer
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Are fussy babies more intelligent?

When I talk about my fussy baby, many people tell me half-jokingly that fussy babies are on average more intelligent than "easy" babies. The idea is not unusual. See for example here: In fact, ...
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1 answer
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Did depressed people far more accurately estimate how many monsters they killed in a video game?

In a Ted talk (YouTube), Andrew Solomon says There was a study I particularly liked, in which a group of depressed and a group of non-depressed people were asked to play a video game for an hour, ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Are 63% of Instagram users 'miserable'?

A few articles report this statistic that 63% of Instagram users are 'miserable': https://www.deseretnews.com/article/900022603/63-percent-of-instagram-users-report-being-miserable-heres-why.html ...
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13 votes
1 answer
638 views

Does a "desirable difficulty" in reading font affect memory retention?

Sans Forgetica is a font designed using the principles of cognitive psychology to help you to better remember your study notes. Sans Forgetica is more difficult to read than most typefaces – and that'...
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22 votes
2 answers
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Did an American kindergarten teach children the alphabet using corporate logos?

On Reddit, Facebook and elsewhere, a picture went mildly viral claiming that in the USA, a kindergarten is using corporate logos to teach the alphabet: The posts or their comments do not include any ...
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5 votes
0 answers
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Does keeping a "gratitude journal" improve your life?

Is the practice of noting down a few things that you are grateful for each day really help you feel better? A gratitude journal is a diary of things for which one is grateful. Gratitude journals are ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Do these five football players have exceptionally high IQs?

This Sokkaa.com article is one of many claiming that these handful of football players have exceptionally high IQs. Most of the football players in the world are evaluated based on physical health, ...
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Are patterns of holes in surfaces surprisingly good clickbait?

The title is based on @Oddthinking's very helpful comment. From A Complete Taxonomy of Internet Chum1 published in The Awl (bold italics added by me): Bottom Left: Deeply Psychological Body Thing: ...
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3 votes
1 answer
578 views

Does salt (or sodium) not make you thirsty?

This is from a Toronto MS thesis: High dietary sodium intake is hypothesized to increase food intake (FI), fluid intake and glycemic response. Two short-term randomized repeated-measures studies ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Do recruiters hire people like themselves?

I have seen it quoted in various sources (e.g. this article in Forbes) that, in some way or another, people tend to unconsciously recruit people 'like themselves'. This can mean culturally, physically,...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Does eating nonsalty food with MSG make you thirsty?

Assume that you're thirsty after eating food that didn't taste salty while you were eating it. I know that MSG contains sodium. Quora posts and https://msgdish.com/msg-problems-and-answers/ still ...
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38 votes
4 answers
13k views

Is CEO the "profession" with the most psychopaths?

An opinion article in Time has this subheading: CEO is the profession with the most psychopaths. This may have been added by a headline editor though, because the article body doesn't flesh out ...
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2 votes
0 answers
555 views

Do crows like to get dizzy? [closed]

In a lecture on the "Meaning Crisis", John Vervaeke, an assistant professor of cognitive science at the University of Toronto, and a colleague of Jordan B. Peterson, states: Caledonian crows will ...
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9 votes
0 answers
725 views

Do spoilers increase enjoyment of a story?

There are studies such as this where people report that spoilers increase enjoyment for narrative works. According to research by UC San Diego psychology professor Nicholas Christenfeld, spoilers ...
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13 votes
2 answers
2k views

Will rats given the ability to artificially stimulate their pleasure centers starve to death?

There's a widely-held belief [example] that a rat will starve itself to death if given a lever to press that will stimulate some "pleasure center" via electrodes implanted in its brain. Supposedly, ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Are scammers using social media fake-news sharing behaviour to identify and target gullible people?

In the aftermath of the Cambridge Analytica scandal I remember hearing - likely in an interview in a BBC Radio4 programme on the topic (unfortunately I don't recall more than that) - a claim that ...
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6 votes
0 answers
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Are humans and chimps innately afraid of and attracted to reptiles or snakes?

Jordan peterson, a culturally popular psychologist, has made the following biological claim: Human beings and their closest biological relatives, chimpanzees, are innately afraid of and attracted ...
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41 votes
1 answer
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Does vegetarian sweat smell better?

I've read this article online in a Belgian newspaper (in Dutch): Weet wat je zweet: deze 7 dingen wist je nog niet over zweten — HLN. Number 4 is saying that vegetarian sweat smells better then non ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Can people identify narcissists by their eyebrows?

A friend told me that "a recent study by researchers has determined that people can identify narcissists by their eyebrows¨. A quick search revealed this May 2018 Psychology Today article A 2018 ...
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0 votes
1 answer
264 views

Is there a distinction between esteem and confidence and are they independent of each other?

Many of selfhelp-books I've been exposed to promote the idea of self esteem and confidence as the two separate things, and that your self esteem can be improved by saying nice things to yourself. Is ...
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7 votes
0 answers
786 views

Are African-Americans more impatient than whites or Hispanics?

A 2017 paper written by five economists (Andreoni et al.) finds that Time preferences have been correlated with a range of life outcomes, yet little is known about their early development. We ...
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4 votes
0 answers
135 views

Does breastfeeding affect patience, altruism, and risk taking (even as an adult)

A 2016 paper from DIW Berlin unambigously states: In a sample of preschool children we find that longer breastfeeding duration is associated with higher levels of patience and altruism as well ...
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2 votes
0 answers
307 views

Even the healthiest of elders show profoundly compromised decision making?

That's the indomitable conclusion quoted from the summary of a 2013 PNAS paper. In a bit more detail: We identified several important age-related patterns in decision making under uncertainty: ...
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2 votes
2 answers
900 views

Is there a surge in youth erectile dysfunction?

A 2016 article in The Australian says that there is an increase in youth ED, and furthremore that it's due to porn: You couldn’t make it up, right? Wrong: erectile dysfunction in men in their teens ...
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32 votes
1 answer
3k views

Was the Stroop Effect used to catch spies?

In the field of Cognitive Science, when studying about the Stroop effect, the claim is often made that it had been used during the Cold War by the American counter-intelligence units in order to ...
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8 votes
1 answer
737 views

Does browsing Facebook make people more sad than browsing the Internet?

An interesting study as summarized on a PT blog: According to a 2014 study published in Computers in Human Behavior, most people aren't using social media to be social. Only about 9 percent of ...
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7 votes
1 answer
566 views

Asking about suicidal thoughts won't push someone into doing it

I've seen this advice repeated on a couple of websites, e.g. Mayo Clinic: Asking about suicidal thoughts or feelings won't push someone into doing something self-destructive. In fact, offering an ...
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