Questions tagged [medical-science]

Use this tag for questions about the science of medicine and its practices. Use [medications] for questions about the actual cures that people take, and use [alternative-medicine] for claims about cures and practices which are claimed to be alternative to official medical science

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22
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1answer
8k views

Can the Rape-aXe only be removed by a doctor?

The Rape-aXe was a prototype of a female condom designed to attach itself to an attacker's penis with barbs if an attacker attempts to penetrate the woman wearing the Rape-aXe. The inventor claims ...
22
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1answer
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Do children have "immature Immune Systems"?

In this answer to "Does regular handwashing with antibacterial soap prevent disease?", the responder claims: Daycares (children) are a slightly unusual situation: children put their hands in their ...
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4answers
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Simply Raw: Can you reverse diabetes in 30 days by eating raw food?

The documentary "Simply Raw: Reversing diabetes in 30 days" claims that you can cure diabetes by following a diet of raw food, avoiding any processed "junk" food: Simply Raw: Reversing Diabetes in ...
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1answer
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Can a 600-calorie diet cure Type 2 diabetes?

This hit all the papers a week or so ago and seemed like something to be skeptical about. Is there any evidence that a 600 calorie diet can cure diabeties in humans? Or is this some theory that the ...
22
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1answer
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6-meals-a-day strategy

It is commonly suggested, in the body building world, that the following eating strategy rises metabolism and inhibits the production of fat tissue: Eat a substantial meal every 2 to 3 hours (six ...
22
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2answers
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What is the cause of Brazil's microcephaly outbreak?

It has been claimed that Brazil is suffering from an outbreak of Microcephaly. Several possible causes have been proposed. Zika Virus Perhaps the most popular one is the zika virus. For example, the ...
22
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2answers
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Does getting a flu shot every year help prevent cancer?

Marketwatch's story "10 surprising steps to staying cancer-free" states that getting an flu shot every year help prevent cancer: Get an annual flu shot. Having the flu triggers inflammation, which ...
22
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3answers
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Do weather changes affect arthritis?

My father always claims he knows when a storm is coming by the pain in his knee. It turns out he might not be as crazy as I thought. Many people with arthritis report varying pain levels as a result ...
22
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1answer
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Does drinking water upside-down help cure hiccups?

I was under the impression that drinking water upside-down worked for curing hiccups (when they worked) merely due to a placebo effect, or at the very least didn't work any better than just drinking ...
22
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1answer
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Can switching from briefs to boxer shorts improve your fertility?

The advice to wear boxer shorts instead of briefs seems reasonable at first glance, since for testes to produce sufficient quality and quantity of sperm, the temperature of testes must be lower ...
22
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1answer
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Do Gunnar Glasses reduce eye strain?

In my RSS feeds today, I got an article named Gunnar Glasses Reduce Computer Eyestrain, Are 75% Off for the Next Two Days which links to a previous article about their benefits: Gunnar's website ...
22
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1answer
722 views

Is DDT significantly less harmful than claimed by the EPA?

The 1962 book "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson was instrumental at affecting public opinion against DDT and other pesticides culminating on banning DDT all over the world. While Carlson has many ...
22
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1answer
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Can a fan blowing on you at night make you sick?

It has been pretty hot in my neck of the woods over the last week. It has been roughly 80 degrees in my room at night. To try to stay comfortable and get to sleep I have been running two fans. One ...
21
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2answers
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Are one-hit knockouts possible?

After stumbling upon a video of a guy getting knocked down in one hit, I did some quick research and couldn't conclude if this is a myth or not. The video in itself is very a compelling evidence for ...
21
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3answers
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Is obesity a disease?

A northern Indiana hospital that erected billboards with the message “Obesity is a Disease. Not a Decision” is facing a backlash from people offended by the signs’ suggestion that obesity isn’t a ...
21
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3answers
2k views

Is AllergyEZ a validated treatment for allergies?

My girlfriend is excited about an allergy treatment she's about to undergo. The product is sub-lingual allergy drops with the brand name "AllergyEZ." She's told me that her allergy doctor has told ...
21
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2answers
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Does chemotherapy make cancer worse?

Several sources, among them Huffington Post and Daily Mail claim a recent study showed that chemotherapy, which is used as a cancer cure, actually makes cancer worse. Chemotherapy can backfire by ...
21
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1answer
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Do we lose 7 pounds when we die?

I often hear people claim that it is a fact that humans lose seven pounds when they die. Some people believe that this is 'proof' of the existence of the 'soul'. Is there any truth to this claim? I ...
21
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1answer
3k views

Multiwave Locked System (MLS) laser therapy - is it any better than just infrared light?

Multiwave Locked System (MLS) laser therapy is marketed [1] as a healing and pain-relieving treatment based on simultaneous application of 808nm continuous light, and 905nm pulsed light from laser ...
21
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1answer
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Does screening for prostate cancer save lives?

The Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test is used by doctors in many regions of the world to test for prostate cancer and other prostate disorders. Some people recommend its use for screening - i.e. ...
21
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2answers
27k views

Do cats and dogs have saliva that has antibacterial or antiseptic properties?

Do cats and / or dogs have saliva that has antibacterial or antiseptic properties? Are these any more effective at preventing infection than the saliva of humans or any other animal (is cat or dog ...
21
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2answers
3k views

Does the Atkins diet work?

The official (theirs) description is here Wikipedia here My question is, does this diet lead to substantial weight loss, say a 25% reduction for an obese male, without any serious adverse side ...
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1answer
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Does working at a standing desk consume more calories than sitting?

src I've heard conflicting claims: Site that claims it maks a crap load of difference Site that claims it doesn't make a shred of difference What does science say? You may find this question ...
21
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1answer
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Can fat people survive starvation longer than skinny ones?

By logic, a person with a higher quantity of fat would have more calories to burn in the absense of food but the human body can't be simplified to a math formula. In extreme conditions, can a fat ...
21
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1answer
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Which is more effective at removing germs, washing with soap and water or using hand sanitizers?

I know this question is similar to the one posted about hand washing with either cold or warm water, but I hope it can stand on its own. If not, I'll delete. Hand Sanitizers Alcohol and water are ...
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3answers
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Recommended alcohol drinking quantity: are they just making it up?

From an NHS website: To lower your risk of health problems, the NHS recommends that: men should not regularly drink more than 3-4 units of alcohol a day women should not regularly drink more than 2-3 ...
21
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1answer
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Is it possible to be immunized to a poison?

I've heard in school of the story of a king, who used to take small amounts of conium. When someone tried to poison him he was immune to that poison. Is that even remotely possible ?
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1answer
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Is there evidence that glucosamine can help repair joints?

I have heard conflicting views on how effective glucosamine is in treating joint problems. For example here you can see a claim being made about stimulating cartilage growth and curing arthritis. ...
21
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3answers
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Is excessive use of chewing gum bad for you?

Chewing sugar-free gum is good for your teeth. But what about the rest of your body? Would constantly chewing gum have any negative effects? An argument I have heard is that the increased amounts of ...
21
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1answer
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Do food additives ("E Number") cause hyperactivity?

E numbers are number codes for food additives that are used in the European Union. Some of the substances are banned in some countries while still allowed in others - see E110, E122, E129, etc. Some ...
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2answers
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Are there people who can naturally and sustainably function with much less sleep than average?

Over the years I've heard many claims of the ability to have very little sleep every day, sometimes including weekends and vacation, and be highly functional at work. Most recently these claims showed ...
21
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2answers
783 views

Are expensive placebos more effective than cheap placebos?

In a recent Undercover Economist column in the Financial Times (The Ig Nobel prizes: in praise of ridiculous research), Tim Harford mentioned that there has been a study showing that cheap placebos ...
21
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1answer
537 views

Are pediatricians immune to common communicable diseases?

This morning, our pediatrician cited "a study" where novice and seasoned pediatricians were tested for immunity to common communicable diseases (cold virus, strep bacteria, etc). He said that the ...
21
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1answer
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Is osteopathic medicine evidence based?

There seems to be a lot of conflation of osteopathic medicine with other alternative medicines, even questions about whether or not it is an alternative medicine or mainstream. In the U.S. ...
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6answers
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Is it possible to overdose on Homeopathic medicines? [closed]

How much Homeopathic medicines would be required (or considered) an overdose? Every Homeopathic site claims the treatments are safe and have no side effects, it it even possible to overdose?
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1answer
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Is drinking while standing unhealthy?

In Quora there is an answer that states: Scientifically, drinking while standing lets water hit the lower part of the esophagus strongly, & by time this leads to a dilation and relaxation of ...
20
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1answer
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Are neanderthal skull fossils just skulls of very elderly humans?

Some people claim that the fossils that have been generally classified as Neanderthal are actually human, and in particular, humans who have lived to a very old age - i.e. two or three hundred years ...
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2answers
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Do "new documents" change anything about the Wakefield/MMR vaccine paper/retraction/fraud situation?

I was recently sent an article and am trying to evaluate some of the claims. [1] The claim of interest here is this one: In light of new evidence that has emerged clearing Dr Wakefield of the ...
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3answers
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Do people exposed to high levels of radiation pose any risk to their children or other individuals?

An article from the Los Angeles Times regarding the concerns of individuals who live near the Fukushima I Nuclear Plant that appeared in my local newspaper this morning contained this interesting ...
20
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3answers
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Do anti-sea-sickness bracelets work?

I've seen anti sea-sickness bracelets, but the mechanism of action is unclear to me, as well as the physiological reason behind them.
20
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1answer
14k views

Are suicide attempts via wrist cutting likely fatal?

New York Times: Those methods that require forethought or exertion on the actor’s part (taking an overdose of pills, say, or cutting your wrists), and thus most strongly suggest premeditation, happen ...
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3answers
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Has HIV ever been isolated?

In particular I am interested with one specific claim made by Jody Wells Memorial Prize. Is his claim true and reasonable? I'll explain what I mean by reasonable latter. The organisers of the Jody ...
20
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3answers
60k views

Is vinegar & baking soda an effective agent for disinfecting bacteria and mold?

I've seen a lot of references on the Internet stating that vinegar mixed with baking soda is an effective way to disinfect mold, bacteria, etc. I'm skeptical that it has a significant effect because ...
20
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3answers
878 views

Are yawns contagious?

I guess that this might be a little bit of an extension of the question "Is yawning contagious across species" that was earlier asked. But my question is, is yawning contagious at all? Is there any ...
20
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2answers
3k views

Does marijuana impair driving?

Is the use of cannabis/marijuana/THC associated with risks when driving a motor vehicle, similar to impairment from the use of alcohol? The conclusions of public studies seem inconsistent. For example,...
20
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4answers
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Does gargling salt water reduce incidence of flu?

Many of the more dubious health sites promote gargling salt water (or peroxide) and swabbing the nasal cavity as a 'natural' prevention for catching the 'flu. Is there any science behind this? I ...
20
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1answer
2k views

Does microwaving breast milk cause dangerous hot spots?

I was almost eaten alive by my wife after she found out I heated our baby's dinner in a microwave. The concern is that microwave heating is uneven and it could make a super hot spot in breast milk or ...
20
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1answer
2k views

Are most women sexually aroused by videos of naked women?

I found this article claims: 74 percent of women who identified as “straight” were strongly sexually aroused by both men and women I found another claim from Telegraph which is most famous UK ...
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2answers
2k views

Does Modafinil make you smarter?

Modafinil (Wikipedia link) is a drug approved in many countries for specific medical conditions such as narcolepsy. We don't, however, have a good idea how it works. But is is one of several drugs (...
20
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1answer
6k views

Does too much study cause mental illness?

I've often heard that students (science/math Ph.D. candidates, in particular) who study too diligently and for long periods over longer spells develop mental health problems like depression, anxiety, ...

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