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The science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which it evolves.

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284 views

Did atmospheric ammonia keep the oceans liquid from 3.8 to 2.5 billion years ago, when the sun was colder? [closed]

Solar evolution implies, for contemporary albedos and atmospheric composition, global mean temperatures below the freezing point of seawater less than 2.3 aeons ago, contrary to geologic and ...
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0answers
309 views

Did the first non-deep-ocean ecosystems start in under 20 million years?

According to an October, 2018 analysis: Earth’s earliest fossil assemblages are important for understanding the origins of life on Earth and, by analogy, how and where to search for signs of ...
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1answer
694 views

Have scientists found 700,000-or-more visible annual ice layers?

For people who doubt radiometric dating, layer-counting may provide hard evidence for one or another minimum age of the earth. In its question-and-answer article on how the age of the earth is ...
32
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1answer
6k views

Is the discovery of tuff amongst dinosaur fossils in Utah incompatible with scientific consensus about dating of the fossils?

A Creation Ministries International article makes the following claim about the multiple-local-flood explanation for the deposits at the Morrison Formation: The idea of many local floods might at ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Did all iron on Earth come from the outer space?

According this video 9 Shocking Facts from the Quran! Iron is not natural to the Earth. It did not form on the Earth but came down to Earth from outer space. This may sound strange but it is true. ...
12
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1answer
772 views

Do the mountains around this Norwegian valley act like a giant battery?

The Gizmodo website has this article about the UFO-like lights often seen at night in Hessdalen, Norway. The article, titled "Why Mysterious UFO-Like Lights Glow in this Norwegian Valley", says that ...
8
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1answer
473 views

Does New Caledonia have a quarter of the world's nickel?

While reading this Guardian article, this claim stood out to me: The territory is home to a quarter of the world’s known nickel, a key component in the manufacture of rechargeable batteries, coins ...
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5answers
9k views

Does China control 85% of the supply of rare metals used in lithium batteries?

A selected letter in The Guardian talking about electric vehicles claims: The rare metals in lithium batteries are produced only in inconvenient places. More than 85% of the world’s supply comes ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Is the Yellowstone volcano due to explode?

With NASA plans for stopping a potential cataclysm I found the following statement repeated by several news sources (like BBC): But Yellowstone explodes roughly every 600,000 years, and it is about ...
3
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0answers
453 views

Will plant-life on Earth end due to too little CO2?

According to a 2013 Daily Mail article : greater evaporation and chemical reactions with rainwater will take away more and more carbon dioxide. In less than a billion years, its levels will ...
12
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2answers
546 views

Has fracking caused hundreds of earthquakes in Oklahoma?

Rachel Maddow on her show tonight showed a statistic that in 2011 when Pruitt became attorney general of Oklahoma, there were 34 earthquakes stronger than 3.0 on the Richter scale, and that grew to ...
2
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1answer
697 views

Can “Seismic Blasting” from a ship induce massive earthquakes?

This YouTube video asks the question if the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake was caused by the ship the Amazon Warrior conducting "seismic blasting". Is that even possible? Green Party MP Steffan Browning ...
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1answer
442 views

Did every signer of the Declaration of independence (US) said they believed that men and women were created?

According to this video, Mike Pence said: every signer of the Declaration of independence believed that men and women were created and were endowed by that same creator. Did they express such ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Does the 'super-moon' have a measurable effect on probability and magnitude of earthquakes?

On the 14th of November 2016, the moon is both full, and is on its closest approach to Earth, causing its largest appearance size until 2033. Citation This large appearance gives it the 'super-moon' ...
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0answers
269 views

How do I refute skepticism towards radiometric/carbon dating? [closed]

A frequent criticism I hear among creationists is that the methodology of radiometric dating is flawed because tests show different dates (and by their logic, might as well throw out all the results.) ...
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0answers
59 views

Carbon 14 in Coal [duplicate]

The creationist video claims Carbon 14 should not be found in layers older than 90 000 years old, and yet researchers found some, and concluded it was evidence of a global flood. In 2003 a group ...
31
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4answers
13k views

Was the Earth one big ocean once?

Many people believe that Earth was one big ocean at some point in its past. During Noah’s time the earth was completely covered with water. There are many other examples, not all related to Noah. ...
19
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1answer
557 views

Is widespread adoption of the electric car unlikely due to lithium scarcity?

Although lithium is very abundant in sea water, only lithium mineral extraction seems to be economically viable. The world's total reserves in lithium minerals is estimated at 13.5 Mt (not sure ...
6
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0answers
216 views

Can earthquakes and volcanoes be due or overdue?

Can earthquakes and volcanic eruptions be "due" or "overdue"? As in "They typically happen every X years, we haven't had one for Y years, so we're more likely to have one now"? I heard Kevin McCloud ...
4
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1answer
336 views

Does “geopathic stress” cause illness?

There are huge number of articles out there claiming that earth emits some sort of electromagnetic waves. When they are disturbed, it causes geopathic stress to humans which causes various illnesses. ...
20
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2answers
3k views

Are Earthquakes on the rise?

This came across my social media feed: U.S. Geological Earthquakes Survey 1973 - 4,539 Earthquakes 1974 — 4,528 Earthquakes 2000 — 19,131 Earthquakes 2010 — 23,040 Earthquakes 2011 — 22,...
4
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1answer
1k views

Did granite form instantly?

Is it true that granite has formed in a matter of hours as described (and explained) in "Fingerprints of creation" by Robert Gentry (http://www.halos.com/). The following simple analogy will show ...
4
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0answers
260 views

Are there any geological periods found on top of each other that have dinosaurs of that period with in them? [closed]

In diagrams, It is common to depict geological periods to be directly on top of each other with fossils of that period within them. When looking for evidence of this, I have only found examples of ...
2
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1answer
208 views

Are Easterbrook's oxygen-isotope paleo-temperature reconstructions credible?

In this video of a presentation given at a climate-skeptic Heartland Institute conference, Don Easterbrook presents his view of recent climate history. He compares his own projections of future ...
4
votes
1answer
396 views

Could meteors have been been formed with lead, and mislead radiometric dating?

The age of the Earth has been determined by radiometric dating of meteorites, by seeing how much uranium has decayed into lead. How do we know the meteor samples weren't formed with lead already in ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Did Pangaea exist?

I recently had an argument with a conspiracy theory type who had a bunch of strange ideas about a number of pretty well established scientific phenomenon. One that I had never heard before, nor can I ...
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2answers
1k views

Are gem-quality diamonds common?

One often hears that diamonds aren't rare at all. Upon closer inspection, such claims appear to actually state that diamonds cost more than their abundance alone would account for. Sources that ...
20
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1answer
9k views

Did a magnitude 8.2 earthquake hit Jerusalem in 33AD?

A Telegraph article makes an interesting claim, in a discussion about the Shroud of Turin: However a new study claims than an earthquake in Jerusalem in 33AD may have not only created the image but ...
6
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1answer
493 views

Are the footprints found in Great Britain 800,000 years old?

Some footprints were found in Great Britain earlier this year. They are reported to be about 800,000 years old. Here is how they were dated, according to a Yahoo! article: Scientists dated the ...
6
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0answers
143 views

Are Scotland's oil and gas reserves dwindling?

This article states that Scotland's oil and gas reserves and tax incomes are dwindling: http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/feb/07/scottish-independence-economic-implications-niesr Scotland's ...
6
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1answer
3k views

Were deserts once oceans/seas?

I was reading The Alchemist and stumbled upon something that says, Here and there, he found a shell, and realized that the desert, in remote times, had been a sea. Were the deserts once oceans/...
3
votes
1answer
437 views

Will the bytes of data stored in 2020 be greater than the number of grains of sand on the world's beaches?

An article in The Independent covering recent developments in Big data contains the following, suspiciously precise, claim: By 2020, it's thought that the number of bytes will be 57 times greater ...
12
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2answers
4k views

What was the density of prehistoric Earth atmosphere (dinosaurs buoyancy theory)

There is a site by David Esker named Dinosaur Theory: dinosaurtheory.com. David says that dinosaurs was so big because the early (at dinosaurs age) earth atmosphere was very dense and most mass of ...
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2answers
30k views

Are there three pyramids in Antarctica?

A story from an Illuminati conspiracy site has become a semi popular meme on Facebook: Three ancient pyramids have been discovered in the Antarctic by a team of American and European scientists. ...
19
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3answers
2k views

How much has Magnetic North shifted in the last few years and would this affect aeronautics?

I was talking to a contractor at a major U.S. airport, a Project Manager who told that they were moving the runways due to the shifting of 'Magnetic North'. I have heard that the poles have shifted ...
13
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1answer
516 views

Can a combination of wind and ice move a 700 lb (300 kg) rock?

Lately I've been thrilled by the interesting phenomenon of sliding stones (also known as sailing stones). Photo credit: NASA/GSFC/Maggie McAdam Wikipedia explains: The stones move only every two ...
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1answer
374 views

Oxygen buildup in the atmosphere

It is commonly believed (or based on few evidences) that atmospheric oxygen built up because of extensive photosynthesis. I am skeptical about this theory that biotic factors are solely responsible ...
3
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1answer
685 views

Was the 2003 Bam earthquake caused by nuclear testing?

From New earthquake hits Iran as Khatami denies Bam disaster caused by nuclear test Meanwhile, the Iranian President, Mohammad Khatami on Tuesady brushed aside rumors that a nuclear test in Bam ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Did oil come from Dinosaurs?

Oil (and other carbon based fuels like Coal, but for this question, I'm more interested in Oil) is widely regarded as a "Fossil Fuel" because its origin was ancient flora and fauna, buried deep below ...
5
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1answer
944 views

Could El Hierro eruption cause a mega-tsunami?

Could an eruption of El Hierro in the Canary Islands lead to a megatsunami that would threaten the eastern coast of the United States or elsewhere?
14
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1answer
9k views

Have we only mined 16 tonnes of platinum in the whole of history?

In this blog explaining how money works as a response to the debate about the USA's proposal to mint a trillion dollar platinum coin, the author quotes two estimates. One is the amount of platinum ...
13
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1answer
600 views

Did Italian seismologists fail to give “adequate warning” about the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake?

From CBS News (October 22, 2012): An Italian court convicted seven scientists and experts of manslaughter on Monday for failing to adequately warn citizens before an earthquake struck central Italy ...
3
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1answer
478 views

Evidence for early Earth's atmosphere

What best evidences there are that demonstrate what Earth was like in its early years? According to this video Earth started out with no oxygen in its atmosphere. And according to this link the Earth'...
68
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3answers
24k views

Is Earth as smooth as a billiard ball?

I've heard it said (on the YouTube channel vsauce) that the earth is smoother than a billiards ball if it's scaled down. Is this true? Of course the earth is relatively smooth: Mt. Everest: ~10km+ ...
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1answer
1k views

Do living lizards exist inside stones?

I have seen footage and articles that show living lizards walking out of a stone, when the stone is cracked open. Is this a reliable fact? Is it possible that a lizard (or in some cases, a beetle) ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Do radiometric dating labs throw out 8 of 10 specimens, and are the samples blinded?

I think that my question regarding KNM-ER 1470's and the change from previously believed "good dates" from methods other than the fossil record might be too broad. There is an aspect of the question ...
24
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3answers
3k views

Does the radioactivity on Hiroshima's soil affect radiometric dating?

I heard several times from creationists that now, if scientists would examine the land in Hiroshima, it will tell them it is millions of years old all because of the atom bomb. And because of that ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Was the cretaceous the last time atmospheric carbon dioxide was significantly higher than it is today?

Dr. Michael E. Mann recounts a story in his recent book (the Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars) about an encounter with Hillary Clinton during a hostile congressional hearing. While he was fending off ...
24
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2answers
3k views

Was the Earth originally smaller and ocean-free?

This article on Viewzone proposes that the Earth used to be smaller, and the existing continents fitted neatly together, covering the entire globe with land. As the Earth expanded, the oceans formed, ...
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3answers
12k views

Can mountains on Earth grow higher than 49,000 feet (15,000 m)?

I just saw this picture in Learn Something Every Day and thought of you. Some of the sites I've found reason it with gravity but doesn't explain very well.