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Questions tagged [criminology]

The study of criminal behavior in both the individual and within a given society.

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5
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0answers
338 views

Does prison work reduce recidivism?

I'm having difficulty finding statistics comparing the recidivism rates of regular prisoners and the ones that worked while serving the sentence. I can't remember where but I've read that "specialists ...
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1answer
2k views

Does the 'Mafia' still exist in Italy?

Here is a claim that says the mafia still exist in Italy: Yes, sadly it does, and will ever does. I'm Italian. and it's not called mob.. or whatever. there are many clans, in several Italian ...
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1answer
2k views

Is the immigrant/crime correlation simply explained by lower wealth?

I am often confronted with statistics that show immigrants are much more involved in crime than the native citizens. This seems to be common in Western countries. Here are some examples, however, ...
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2answers
4k views

Does increased gun ownership in the US correlate with a reduction in violent crime rates?

This is somewhat of the converse of the question Is Gun Control Effective: A quote of famous musician and gun advocate Ted Nugent has been making the rounds on the Internet again lately: Where you ...
40
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2answers
6k views

Is the increasing availability of high speed internet pornography reducing sex crime rates?

Some early studies show that the availability of pornography does not increase the rate of sex crimes. Research on pornography has generally been of various types (Tovar, Elias, & Chang, 1999)....
9
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1answer
969 views

Can a trained human eye catch microexpressions?

Microexpressions were validated in this question: Do involuntary "microexpressions" betray liars? But can a human eye (as opposed to a frame by frame analysis of a high-speed video) detect ...
5
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0answers
292 views

Has a mass murder ever been prevented by a good guy with a firearm? [duplicate]

While the statistical relationship between gun ownership and mass homicides has been discussed on Skeptics.SE, I have not seen any questions or answers on the following claim. The policy of the ...
62
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4answers
9k views

Is the death penalty an effective deterrent?

There is a lot of clutter from anti-death penalty sites, which makes it hard to find all the research. They often cite statistics like those explained in this website, including the chart below that ...
6
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0answers
322 views

Was there a recent spate of violence against Indians in Australia?

I recently came across a journal entry, written in December 2012, about racial violence in Australia. The entry mentioned an incident against a woman targeted for singing in French. I assume this ...
10
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1answer
10k views

Are there 10 time more home invasions in the UK than the USA?

In this interview (0:35 mark) Ann Coulter argues that: ... home invasions are 10 times higher in Britain than they are in this country [US] Are there any evidence to support this claim?
33
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2answers
8k views

Do rapists think rape is normal?

I have found the following statement on an article of feminism: Do you know who think all men are rapists? Rapists do. They really do. In psychological study, the profiling, the studies, it comes ...
19
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2answers
3k views

Are heavy metal music listeners more likely to commit crimes?

It has been suggested (particularly in the 1980s) that individuals that listen to heavy metal are more likely to be commit a crime, as shown here and here. Have any studies statistically shown so?
34
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1answer
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Are atheists strongly underrepresented in US prison communities?

This popularly referenced survey gives statistics about the number of atheists in US prisons. It suggests just 0.21% of the prison population is atheist. There are more scientologists! This is ...
28
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2answers
2k views

Did the legalisation of abortion result in lower crime rates?

In the book Freakanomics, the author speculated that due to the legalization of abortion in the US, crime rates fell because the people that would normally go out and commit these crimes, well they ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Have more people been killed in Chicago than U.S. troops in Afghanistan?

A tweet from @LeftSentThis stated that 2,000 US troops have been killed in Afghanistan since 2001, more than 5,000 people have been killed by gun fire in Chicago during that time. There are at ...
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2answers
2k views

Correlation between MAO-A gene and murderers / sex offenders

The MAO-A gene, also known as the "Warrior gene", is thought to cause increased antisocial and violent behavior patterns in people who have experienced an abusive childhood. [ref] Caspi et. al. found ...
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2answers
482 views

Were members of the yakuza amongst the Fukushima 50?

Tomohiko Suzuki, author of the book The Yakuza and the Nuclear Industry, claims that several members of the Fukushima 50, workers who stayed behind to work on the Fukushima dai-ichi nuclear reactor ...
8
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1answer
24k views

Do fast jury verdicts favor either the prosecution or the defendant?

Trial watchers occasionally assert fast verdicts are more likely to be guilty ones. The idea has been expressed by small town newspapers and even sports reporters. At the same time, other news ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Do “scare kids straight” programmes reduce criminal activity?

It seems obvious to many people that if the consequences of an activity are sufficiently scary people will naturally avoid the activity. If the consequences of criminal activity are frequent death, ...
16
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1answer
900 views

Does addressing the issues focused on by the Broken Windows theory have a measurable impact on crime?

These are excerpts from what could be considered the source for the Broken Windows theory (emphasis added): [A]t the community level, disorder and crime are usually inextricably linked, in a kind ...
24
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5answers
895 views

Profiling in criminal cases

Criminal profiling is very popular in fictional crime shows, but also used in reality. A profiler uses the known data about the case to create a profile of the person that commited the crime. This ...
6
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2answers
345 views

Do cyber crimes cost $US114b annually?

A study Symantec claims that the global damages from cyber crime were A study by Symantec Corp, the maker of Norton computer security software, estimates the cost of global cybercrimes at $114 ...
9
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1answer
697 views

Psychological pricing: reducing theft? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The origin of “99 cents” On Wikipedia, the article for psychological pricing (ending prices in -99 or similar) gives the following suggestion for why it is done, ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Does having a jury increase the chance of justice being served?

This claim popped up in a discussion on Hacker News where it was claimed that if a legal system has a jury it's more likely it will be just. As one commenter put it: [..] jury is not as easily ...
9
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1answer
550 views

How reliable is identification via DNA matching?

For example, how did they identify Osama bin Ladin? How can they identify with such confidence a DNA match? How can you compare DNA against a sister and determine that it is indeed Osama bin Ladin? ...
13
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3answers
462 views

Can better lawyers achieve better judgements for their clients?

This claim is frequently heard in news (and especially in TV and movies). Especially in connotation with big companies and rich individuals - "They'll get the best lawyers money can buy, and they'll ...