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Various Russian & other sources give this map (also on P.SE, but probably the most notable of these might be https://www.opendemocracy.net/ru/kto-boretsya-s-kem-v-ukraine-i-pochemu/)

enter image description here

Was that map actually published by "Kyiv National Linguistic University" in 2009 as claimed by the caption? And what kind of publication was it? A consensus statement by the researchers of the university? One paper by a subset of their faculty, etc.? And what kind of survey methodology did they use to determine the language spoken "at home"?

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    As I've mentioned on the question at Politics, the map cannot be claiming that there are no households in the eastern part of the country where Ukrainian is spoken and none in the west where Ukrainian is spoken. It only makes sense as a fairly low-resolution view of the dominant regional language. It doesn't make sense to conclude from this map that "only a few Ukrainians in the west of the country speak Ukrainian."
    – phoog
    Sep 23 at 11:54
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    Another important piece of context: surzhyk apparently refers to a mixture of Ukrainian and Russian, so the entire orange area should also be considered "Ukrainian speaking" to a large extent.
    – IMSoP
    Sep 23 at 12:35
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    The Wikipedia article says surzhyk has multiple meanings, but can be a mix of Ukrainian with any other language, or can have a narrower meaning.
    – Stuart F
    Sep 23 at 13:31
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    For context, maybe compare that with a map of Ireland showing how many house-holds speak Irish as opposed to English at home.
    – ChrisW
    Sep 24 at 7:41
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    @WeatherVane Or Scotland; but they're part of the UK and most of Ireland isn't, so Ireland is more of an apt comparison -- the point being that, just because the people in another country speak your language, doesn't imply that it's really your country for the taking.
    – ChrisW
    Sep 24 at 12:51

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