Although there is no proof beyond the photo, it seems reasonable that the parrot did cause the damage. However, the rim, no longer in production, does not contain any carbon fibre - instead, it is structurally aluminium, with damage only to the aerodynamic foam.
The original source of this image is by Vanessa Wallace, the owner of the bicycle, a BMC TM01, from Winfield, Queensland, Australia, who was interviewed in the CyclingTips article, and who originally posted the picture on the Facebook group Brisbane Bike Market on 20 November 2021, along with a second photograph.
The bird is a 10-year-old female Eclectus parrot called Gypsy.
Meanwhile the wheel contains no carbon fibre at all.
The source of confusion about this image might be that some people are only aware of bicycle rims being made from carbon-fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP), a plastic often referred to simply as 'carbon fibre', from aluminium (or rarely magnesium) alloy, or from steel.
This rim is a Mavic CXR Elite Exalith. The word 'CXR' is clearly visible on it, and it is fitted to a BMC Timemachine triathlon bicycle.
A page selling the (now discontinued) wheel:
Blackcell™ flange is as light as carbon, easy to maintain and weatherproof
Blackcell is a marketing term meaning foam.
The technical specification says:
▪Material : Maxtal alloy with Blackcell flange
'Maxtal' is another marketing term meaning 'lightweight aluminium alloy'.
There is more information here on 'Blackcell':
Bikeboard Austria says that these wheels were fitted to OEM bikes from Canyon, Cervelo, BMC (the bike in the photo), and Rose, and offer a cost saving over carbon fibre, while improved aerodynamics compared to the wheel without the foam fairing (the depth of which is likely to be around 15mm).
There are three models listed, CXR Elite, CXR Elite Disc, and CXR Elite Exalith, with a depth of 60mm, and weighing 1.9kg-2kg.
- the structural integrity of the aluminium underneath does not appear to have been damaged.
- it would be possible to remove the rest of the damaged foam, with loss of the aerodynamic properties afforded by the deep rim.
- however it is not clear if the underlying aluminium rim has a brake track, and whether or not the stripped down wheel could be safely stopped using the bicycle's brakes after the foam is fully removed.