David Benioff's 2008 historical fiction novel City of Thieves follows two youths during the siege of Leningrad in 1942.
In one scene, the narrator explains how the starving inhabitants of the city resort to eating, among other things, bars made from boiled down book-binding glue:
The boy sold what people called library candy, made from tearing the covers off of books, peeling the binding glue, boiling it down, and reforming it into bars you could wrap in paper. The stuff tasted like wax, but there was protein in the glue, protein kept you alive, and the city's books were disappearing like the pigeons.
The book doesn't claim to be a true story but the overall framing is historically authentic; I'm wondering whether this particular detail is possibly true. For what it's worth, the author of the blog post linked above says she couldn't find any evidence for the phenomenon.