Wikipedia seems to claim so citing a single study:

The study "Divergent Consequences of Success and Failure in Japan and North America: An Investigation of Self-improving Motivations and Malleable Selves" (2001) indicated that Japanese people tended to underestimate their abilities, and tended to see underachievement (failure) as an opportunity to improve their abilities at a given task, thereby increasing their value to the social group

I'm betting there have been other studies of the Dunning-Kruger effect since 2001 in Japan. So is the highlighted conclusion of the aforementioned paper still true?

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    I've never seen any suggestion that the Dunning-Kruger effect is universal, nor that there are not people who experience the opposite effect. The graph shown in your link illustrates both extremes. – Daniel R Hicks Feb 8 at 19:43
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    I feel it's worth pointing out that the reverse of the Dunning-Kruger effect is called "impostor syndrome". – F1Krazy Feb 8 at 20:11
  • Seems in accord with the aesthetic of wabi-sabi ( en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wabi-sabi ). Kintsugi ( en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kintsugi ) is definitely a concept that could usefully be applied to people as well as pottery! – Dikran Marsupial Feb 14 at 10:47

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