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The following image is frequently circulating when WWII is discussed:

enter image description here

Poll in France: "In your opinion, which country contributed most to the defeat of Germany in 1945?" (Source: polls IFO 1945, 1994, 2004, 2015)

According to the image, 57% of of people in France believed that the USSR contributed the most to the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, while only 23% shared the same view in 2015. Are there actual statistics to back up this claim?

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    The "IFOP" cited by the image is a real French polling firm founded in 1938, so that part checks out. All that remains to be verified is whether it conducted these specific polls, and if so, whether their results match the graph. – F1Krazy Jun 6 at 18:38
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    What's the reason for being skeptical of this? – DJClayworth Jun 6 at 18:59
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    Conducting a poll wouldn't have been difficult in 1945, but with many people recently displaced or still displaced, it may have been difficult to get a representative sample. If the 1945 result surprises you, you're probably missing some historical context. 1945 was before the Secret Speech. The communist party had a considerable aura in France for its fight against nazi Germany (one did not mention its attitude before 1941…), and, in most of Europe, the USSR was considered the nation that turned the tide of the war with the battle of Stalingrad. – Gilles Jun 6 at 23:32
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    I still feel there's something hiding beneath. You didn't ask (in your title) whether the 1945 poll was taken, you ask about the outcome, as if somehow there's something curious about it. In fact, I feel much more curious -- or rather, irritated -- about how the US is considered to be the "war winner" today. So... yes, I too am somewhat surprised that they polled in 1945, but I am not at all surprised at its outcome. The historical misrepresentation came to life only much later... – DevSolar Jun 7 at 8:57
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    As a matter of historical perspective in 1945 many people in the Allied countries felt that the USSR had born the brunt of the fight against Hitler. As the Cold War set in and the USSR became thought of as the enemy opinions changed, to the point where by the end of the century many did not realize that the USSR had fought on the Allied side. – DJClayworth Jun 9 at 1:44
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Yes, it is true

This document (PDF, in french) is a summary of the recent and previous polling by IFOP, written by IFOP and hosted on their website. Page 5 has the question, and a table with answers and percentage choosing each answer.

It appears that the question was "Quelle est, selon vous, la nation qui a le plus contribué à la défaite del’Allemagne en 1945?" and 57% of respondents chose "L’URSS, l’Union Soviétique" when asked in May 1945, dropping to 23% in May 2015. The question in the image seems to be a faithful translation of the original question, given my limited french.

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    I'm French and I confirm that nothing was lost in translation. – Gilles Jun 6 at 23:25
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    wiki suggests that: The battles on the Eastern Front of the Second World War constituted the largest military confrontation in history.[6] They were characterized by unprecedented ferocity, wholesale destruction, mass deportations, and immense loss of life due to combat, starvation, exposure, disease, and massacres. [7] The Eastern Front was decisive in determining the outcome in the European theatre of operations in World War II, eventually serving as the main reason for the defeat of Nazi Germany and the Axis nations.[8][9][10] – com.prehensible 10 hours ago

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