Summary: There is no punishment for a woman having an abortion. The maximum punishment for a doctor performing an abortion is the same as the maximum punishment for a rapist.
According to the BBC, a woman in Alabama suffers no legal repercussions for seeking, or having, an abortion:
A woman who has an abortion would not be held criminally liable
however, the punishment for a doctor:
Under the bill, doctors face 10 years in prison for attempting to terminate a pregnancy and 99 years for carrying out the procedure.
CNN clarifies this with the words “up to”:
For example, doctors could face up to 99 years in prison for performing an abortion in the state.
According to RAINN:
Rape in the first degree is a Class A felony, which is punishable by both imprisonment and the imposition of a fine, in the following manner:
- An offender shall be imprisoned for not more than 99 years or less than 10 years.
- However, when a firearm or deadly weapon is used or attempted to be used in the commission of the felony, the minimum sentence is 20 years.
- Additionally, where the felony consists of a “sex offense involving a child,” the minimum sentence is also 20 years.
- An offender is also subject to a judicially-determined fine, in an amount not exceeding $60,000.
There is no difference to the defined punishment if the woman is impregnated due to rape. Potentially this would be taken into account during sentencing.
From the information given, we can conclude that the punishment for raping a woman is more severe than the punishment for a woman receiving an abortion - 10 - 99 years imprisonment, up to $60,000 fine compared to no punishment.
The potential punishment for a doctor performing an abortion is the same as the potential punishment for a rapist, with the possible difference being that I’ve not seen an article state that the doctor would not face the $60,000 fine. It seems likely that a doctor performing an abortion is a Class A felony too, and subject to the fine as well, but I don’t know that.
As a summary, of the second claim:
Alabama’s just made abortion’s (sic) a felony.
Correct, in most cases.
From the moment of conception, you can’t have an abortion.
Incorrect. You can’t have an abortion from when a heartbeat is detected, normally around 6 weeks. This does mean that lots of women will miss the cutoff before they know they are pregnant, but it’s better to be accurate when we make these claims.
It doesn’t matter if you’re raped.
Correct, rape is not an exception in this law, and neither is incest. The only exception is for the mother’s life being in danger.
You have to have the baby. If you abort? 99 years in prison.
This sounds like it is claiming the woman would go to prison (via the repeated use of “you”). This is incorrect, and dangerously misleading. No woman will receive criminal chargers for seeking or having an abortion. A doctor could receive up to 99 years in prison for performing an abortion.
That’s more time than the rapist would get.
Incorrect, it’s the same. The maximum of 99 years is the same for rapists as it is for doctors who perform abortions. Nobody has been sentenced under the new law as of the time of writing, so we don’t know what sentences will actually be given.