The first major use of the word "Antifa" in modern times (that I can find) is something on Breitbart from 4/21/2017, claiming that the mayor of Berkeley was a member of an anti-fascist group 'By Any Means Necessary'. This was significant, because up to that point, the 4/15/2017 protest of Breitbart columnist Milo Yiannopoulos was just said to be comprised of 'multiple liberal groups', which is no big surprise in a town like Berkeley.

The first documented use of 'alt-left' in modern times was when Trump used it in his famous 'both sides' speech following the Charlotteville protest.

After that, use of the word Antifa blew through the roof, and this bogeyman has been used by the alt-Right to justify their actions ever since.

My question is, is Antifa (under that name) documented to exist as an organized group at any point between 2000 and 2017? Was this bogeyman created by Breitbart to have a documented foe against which they could rally? Or has a group large enough to pose a threat to the alt-right existed in the background for decades, only now driven to the forefront?

closed as off-topic by fredsbend, Giter, Oddthinking Oct 24 '18 at 14:38

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

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    I know you tagged united-states, but are you only looking for groups that explicitly called themselves 'Antifa' in the US? According to Merriam-Webster and Oxford 'antifa' comes from some German movements and only started being widely applied to US anti-fascist groups in 2017, but many of the groups that now comprise 'Antifa' existed prior to that. – Giter Oct 24 '18 at 14:30
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    According to the FAQ, Skeptics.SE is for researching the evidence behind the claims you hear or read. This question doesn't appear to have any doubtful claims to investigate. Please edit it to reference a notable claim and flag for moderator attention to re-open (or get 5 re-open votes). – Oddthinking Oct 24 '18 at 14:38
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    This question also needs work to reduce the political posturing and focus on the question. – Oddthinking Oct 24 '18 at 14:40
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    I still think the OP is a bit confused about the fact that "Antifa" can be both a specific organisation and an umbrella term for anti-fascist movements and organizations. The data the OP is looking for -- the existence / non-existence of a specific group of that name -- does neither confirm nor refute the implied claims; that the term was circulated in the US by Breitbart, that the group was large / a "threat" or not, or whatever – DevSolar Oct 24 '18 at 14:43
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    Perhaps see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose_City_Antifa founded in 2007? – GEdgar Oct 24 '18 at 15:06

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